- The definition of short is something that is not long, that measures a minimal distance from one end to the other, or that does not last for a long time.
- An example of short is a walk that lasts only five minutes.
- An example of short is hair that doesn't even go to your neck.
- An example of short is a skirt that doesn't come down to your knees.
- An example of short is when you can pay attention only for a moment.
- not extending far from end to end; not long or not long enough
- not great in span, range, or scope: a short distance, journey, throw, view, etc.
- low or relatively low in height; not tall
- lasting only a little time; brief
- passing quickly: a few short weeks
- not retentive for long: a short memory
- condensed or concise, as a literary style, story, speech, etc.
- brief or abrupt to the point of rudeness; curt
- quickly angered or irked
- less than or lacking a sufficient or correct amount, amount of time, etc.: a short measure, short on money, short notice
- not far enough to reach the mark, objective, etc.: the shot fell short
- having a tendency to break or crumble; friable; specif.,
- crisp or flaky, as pastry made from dough rich in shortening
- brittle and inductile when cold () or hot (): said of metal
- not having in possession at the time of sale the commodity or security one is selling in anticipation of a decline in price
- designating or of a sale of commodities or securities not in the possession of the seller
- articulated for a relatively short time; brief in duration: said of a speech sound
- popularly not diphthongized [the short a in “pan”]
- requiring a relatively short time to pronounce: said of syllables in quantitative verse
- unstressed: said of syllables in accentual verse
Origin of shortMiddle English ; from Old English scort, akin to Old Norse skort, short piece of clothing, Old High German scurz, short ; from Indo-European an unverified form (s)kerd- ; from base an unverified form (s)ker-, to cut, shear ; from curt
- something that is short; specif.,
- a short sound or syllable, contrasted with one that is long
- a film usually less than 30 min. in length
- a fish or lobster below the size that may be legally taken
- a shot that falls short of the target or objective
- a variation of clothing size shorter than the average for that size
- short, loose trousers reaching partway to the knee, worn in sports, etc.
- ☆ men's undershorts
- items needed to make up a shortage or deficiency
- a byproduct of wheat milling that consists of bran, germ, and coarse meal
- trimmings, clippings, etc. left over in the manufacture of various products
- ☆ shortstop
- short circuit
- one who has not yet covered the short sale of a stock, commodity, etc.
- abruptly; suddenly
- rudely; curtly
- briefly; concisely
- so as to be short in length
- by surprise; unawares: caught short
- by a short sale
- to give less than what is needed, wanted, or usual
- in summing up; to summarize
- in a few words; briefly
short and sweet
- not equaling; less than
- without a sufficient or correct amount of; lacking
- not far enough to reach (the mark, objective, etc.)
- without actually resorting to
the short end of the stick☆
- Having little length; not long.
- Having little height; not tall.
- Extending or traveling not far or not far enough: a short toss.
- a. Lasting a brief time: a short holiday.b. Appearing to pass quickly: finished the job in a few short months.
- Not lengthy; succinct: short and to the point.
- a. Rudely brief; abrupt: The owner was quite short with the new hire.b. Easily provoked; irascible: has a short temper.
- Inadequate; insufficient: oil in short supply; were short on experience.
- Lacking in length or amount: a board that is short two inches.
- Lacking in breadth or scope: a short view of the problem.
- Deficient in retentiveness: a short memory.
- a. Holding a trading position that is inversely related to the price of a security or index: short investors; an investor who is short gold.b. Of or relating to a short sale: a short position.
- a. Containing a large amount of shortening; flaky: a short pie crust.b. Not ductile; brittle: short iron.
- a. Linguistics Of, relating to, or being a speech sound of relatively brief duration, as the first vowel sound in the Latin word mălus, “evil,” as compared with the same or a similar sound of relatively long duration, as the first vowel sound in the Latin word mālus, “apple tree.”b. Grammar Of, relating to, or being a vowel sound in English, such as the vowel sound (ă) in pat or (&oobrev;) in put, that is descended from a vowel of brief duration.
- Being of relatively brief duration. Used of a syllable in quantitative prosody.
- Slang Close to the end of a tour of military duty.
- Abruptly; quickly: stop short.
- In a rude or curt manner.
- At a point before a given boundary, limit, or goal: a missile that landed short of the target.
- At a disadvantage: We were caught short by the sudden storm.
- By means of a short sale: selling a commodity short.
- Something short, as:a. Linguistics A short syllable, vowel, or consonant.b. A brief film; a short subject.c. A size of clothing less long than the average for that size.d. shorts Short trousers extending to the knee or above.e. shorts Men's undershorts.
- a. A short sale.b. One that sells short.
- shorts A byproduct of wheat processing that consists of germ, bran, and coarse meal or flour.
- shorts Clippings or trimmings that remain as byproducts in various manufacturing processes, often used to make an inferior variety of the product.
- a. A short circuit.b. A malfunction caused by a short circuit.
- Baseball A shortstop.
verbshort·ed, short·ing, shorts
- To cause a short circuit in.
- Informal To give (one) less than one is entitled to; shortchange.
- To short-sell (a security or index).
Origin of shortMiddle English, from Old English sceort, scort; see sker-1 in Indo-European roots.
(comparative shorter, superlative shortest)
- Having a small distance from one end or edge to another, either horizontally or vertically.
- (of a person) Of comparatively little height.
- Having little duration; opposite of long.
- Our meeting was a short six minutes today. Every day for the past month it's been at least twenty minutes long.
- (followed by f) Of a word or phrase, constituting an abbreviation (for another) or shortened form (of another).
- “Phone” is short for “telephone” and "asap" short for "as soon as possible".
- (cricket, Of a ball) that bounced relatively far from the batsman.
- (cricket, Of a fielder or fielding position) that is relatively close to the batsman.
- Brittle (of pastry, and some metals); see also shortening, shortcrust.
- Abrupt; brief; pointed; petulant.
- He gave a short answer to the question.
- Limited in quantity; inadequate; insufficient; scanty.
- a short supply of provisions
- Insufficiently provided; inadequately supplied; scantily furnished; lacking.
- to be short of money
- The cashier came up short ten dollars on his morning shift.
- Deficient; less; not coming up to a measure or standard.
- an account which is short of the truth
- He commanded those who were appointed to attend him to be ready by a short day.
- In a financial investment position that is structured to be profitable if the price of the underlying security declines in the future.
- I'm short General Motors because I think their sales are plunging.
- They had to stop short to avoid hitting the dog in the street.
- The recent developments at work caught them short.
- The boss got a message and cut the meeting short.
- He cut me short repeatedly in the meeting.
- without achieving a goal or requirement
- His speech fell short of what was expected.
- (cricket) of a cricket ball, to bounce relatively far from the batsman so that it bounces higher than normal; opposite of full
- (finance) With a negative ownership position.
- We went short most finance companies in July.
- A short circuit.
- A short film.
- Used to indicate a short-length version of a size
- 38 short suits fit me right off the rack.
- Do you have that size in a short.
- (baseball) shortstop
- Jones smashes a grounder between third and short.
- (finance) A short seller
- The market decline was terrible, but the shorts were buying champagne.
- (finance) A short sale
- He closed out his short at a modest loss after three months.
- A summary account.
- (phonetics) A short sound, syllable, or vowel.
- (programming) An integer variable shorter than normal integers; usually two bytes long.
(third-person singular simple present shorts, present participle shorting, simple past and past participle shorted)
- To cause a short circuit in (something).
- (intransitive) Of an electrical circuit, to short circuit.
- To shortchange.
- To provide with a smaller than agreed or labeled amount.
- This is the third time I've caught them shorting us.
- (business) To sell something, especially securities, that one does not own at the moment for delivery at a later date in hopes of profiting from a decline in the price; to sell short.
- Deficient in.
- We are short a few men on the second shift.
- He's short common sense.
- (finance) Having a negative position in.
- I don't want to be short the market going into the weekend.
From Middle English short, schort, from Old English sċeort, scort (“short”), from Proto-Germanic *skurtaz (“short”), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)k(ʷ)Art-, *(s)k(ʷ)Ard- (“short”). Cognate with Scots short, schort (“short”), Old High German scurz (“short”) (whence ((etyl|gmh|-}} schurz), Old Norse skorta (“to lack”) (whence Danish skorte), Albanian shkurt (“short, brief”), Latin curtus (“shortened, incomplete”), Russian короткий (korotkij, “short, brief”). More at shirt.
short - Computer Definition
short - Investment & Finance Definition
A synonym for sell, in contrast to long, in which a security has been purchased. It also may be used as a noun to refer to a trader who has sold financial instruments or contracts and thereby has a short (position).