- The definition of further is something that is additional, such as a longer distance away or a longer time period. It is used when there is no knowledge of the actual physical distance or time difference.
- An example of further is a store that looks far away in a photograph, when compared to a house that looks close up in the photograph.
- An example of further is when additional studies on smoking are done after some had already been finished.
- additional; more
- more distant or remote; farther
Origin of furtherMiddle English ; from Old English furthor (akin to German vorder) ; from base of fore, fore + comparative suffix ; from Indo-European an unverified form -tero- (as in after, other)
- to a greater degree or extent
- in addition; moreover
- at or to a greater distance or more remote point in space or time; farther
Origin of furtherME < OE further, orig. a neut. acc. of the adj.
Origin of furtherME furthren < OE fyrthrian < furthra, furthor
adjectiveA comparative of far.
- More distant in degree, time, or space: a result that was further from our expectations than last time; the further lamppost.
- Additional: a further example; a further delay.
adverbA comparative of far.
- To a greater extent; more: considered further the consequences of her actions.
- In addition; furthermore: He stated further that he would not cooperate with the committee.
- At or to a more distant or advanced point: went only three miles further; reading five pages further tonight. See Usage Note at farther.
transitive verbfur·thered, fur·ther·ing, fur·thers
Origin of furtherMiddle English, from Old English furthra, from furthor, farther. Adv., from Middle English, from Old English furthor; see per1 in Indo-European roots.
(third-person singular simple present furthers, present participle furthering, simple past and past participle furthered)
- comparative form of far: more far
- (conjunctive) Also; in addition to.
- (location) At greater distance in space or time; farther.
- Washington DC is further from Europe than New York.
- (conjunctive) Moreover; beyond what is already stated.
- Further, affiant sayeth naught. (A formal statement ending a deposition or affidavit, immediately preceding the affiant's signature.)
Some usage guides distinguish farther and further, with farther referring to distance, and further referring to degree or time. Others, such as the OED, recommend farther as a comparative form of far and further for use when it is not comparative.
However, most authorities consider the two interchangeable in most or all circumstances, and historically they have not been distinguished.
further - Computer Definition
- Additional; to a greater extent.
- More distant in place or time, especially where there is no notion of physical distance. I don't know about you, but I was always taught to use farther when referring to physical distances, and to use further otherwise. Anyway, it drives me nuts when people, especially weathermen, point to the map and talk about further north or further east. It sounds affected, like they are trying to impress us ignorant viewers at home. See also farther and utilize.