- An example of to stop is a dam keeping water from flowing in a river.
- An example of to stop is to apply the car's brakes and the car stands still at a red light.
transitive verbstopped, stop′ping
- to close by filling, shutting off, covering, etc. to staunch (a cut, wound, etc.) to block up (a passage, road, pipe, etc.) so as to make impassable; obstruct: often with up to fill in, plug up, or cover (a hole, cavity, opening, mouth, etc.): often with up to close (a bottle, jug, etc.) as with a cork or cap
- to close (a finger hole of a wind instrument) so as to produce a desired tone
- to produce (a tone) in this way
- to cause to cease motion, activity, etc. to prevent the passage or further passage of (water, light, etc.); block; intercept to prevent the movement or further movement of; specif.,
- to halt the progress of (a person, animal, vehicle, etc.)
- to check (a blow, stroke, or thrust); parry; counter
- to defeat (an opponent)
- to intercept (a letter, etc.) in transit
- to baffle; perplex; nonplus
- to cause to cease or end: stop that racket
- to bring to an end; discontinue: to stop a subscription
- to kill
- to defeat, as by knocking out
- to keep from beginning, acting, happening, etc.; prevent to keep (a person) from doing something contemplated to prevent the starting, advent, etc. of; preclude to notify one's bank to withhold payment on (one's check)
Origin of stopMiddle English stoppen from Old English -stoppian (in compound ) from West Germanic stopp?n from Vulgar Latin an unverified form stuppare, to stop up, stuff from Classical Latin stuppa from Classical Greek stypp?, tow from Indo-European an unverified form stewe-, to thicken, contract from source Classical Greek styphein, to contract, Sanskrit stuka, tuft
- to cease moving, walking, proceeding, etc.; halt
- to leave off doing something; desist from continuing
- to cease operating or functioning
- to be able to go no further; come to an end
- to become clogged or choked
- to tarry or stay for a while, esp. as a customer or guest: often with at or in
- a stopping or being stopped; check; arrest; cessation; halt; specif., a pause in speech or at the end of a sense unit in verse
- a coming to an end; finish; end
- a stay or sojourn
- a place stopped at, as on a bus route
- an indentation in the face of an animal, esp. a dog, between the forehead and the nose or muzzle
- something that stops; obstruction; obstacle; specif.,
- a plug or stopper
- stop order
- an order to withhold payment on a check
- a mechanical part that stops, limits, or regulates motion, as a pawl
- Chiefly Brit. a punctuation mark, esp. a period
- pressure, as of a finger, on a string of a violin, etc. to produce a desired tone
- a fret on a guitar, etc.
- the closing of a finger hole of a wind instrument to produce a desired tone
- such a hole
- a tuned set of organ pipes, reeds, or electronic devices of the same specific type and tone quality
- a pull, lever, or key for putting such a set or sets into or out of operation
- Naut. a piece of line used to secure something, as a sail
- the complete stopping of the outgoing breath, as with the lips, tongue, or velum
- a consonant formed in this way, as (p), (b), (t), (d), (k), and (g)
- the aperture, usually adjustable, of a lens
- the f-number
pull out all (the) stops
Origin of stopwith ref. to the stops of an organ
put a stop to
stop at nothing
- to interrupt one's education as in order to work
- to block out (areas not to be printed or painted) as of a silk-screen design
- to visit for a whilealso stop in (or by)
- to break a journey, as for rest
verbstopped, stop·ping, stops
- To close (an opening or hole) by covering, filling in, or plugging up: The tea leaves stopped the drain.
- To constrict (an opening or orifice): My nose is stopped up.
- To obstruct or block passage on (a road, for example).
- To prevent the flow or passage of: stop supplies from getting through.
- a. To halt the motion or progress of: stopped me and asked directions.b. To block or deflect (a blow, for example); parry or ward off.c. To be or get in the way of (a bullet or other missile); be killed or wounded by.
- a. To cause to desist or to change a course of action: The rain stopped us from continuing the argument.b. To prevent or restrain: An invitation to dinner stopped him from going to the movies.
- To discontinue or cease: He stopped his complaining.
- a. To defeat (an opponent or opposing team).b. To defeat in boxing by a knockout or technical knockout.
- To order a bank to withhold payment of: stopped the check.
- Music a. To press down (a string on a stringed instrument) on the fingerboard to produce a desired pitch.b. To close (a hole on a wind instrument) with the finger in sounding a desired pitch.
- To cease moving, progressing, acting, or operating; come to a halt: The clock stopped in the night.
- To put an end to what one is doing; cease: had to stop at an exciting place in the book.
- To interrupt one's course or journey for a brief visit or stay. Often used with by, in, or off: stop by at a friend's house; stop in at the office; stop off at the gas station.
- The act of stopping or the condition of being stopped: Can't you put a stop to all this ruckus? Production is at a stop.
- A halt or stay, as on a trip: We made a stop in Austin.
- A place at which someone or something stops: a regular stop on my delivery route; a bus stop.
- A device or means that obstructs, blocks, or plugs up.
- An order given to a bank to withhold payment on a check.
- A stop order.
- A part in a mechanism that stops or regulates movement.
- The effective aperture of a lens, controlled by a diaphragm.
- A mark of punctuation, especially a period.
- Music a. The act of stopping a string or hole on an instrument.b. A fret on a stringed instrument.c. A hole on a wind instrument.d. A device such as a key for closing the hole on a wind instrument.e. A tuned set of pipes, as in an organ.f. A knob, key, or pull that regulates such a set of pipes.
- Nautical A line used for securing something temporarily: a sail stop.
- a. Linguistics One of a set of speech sounds that is a plosive or a nasal.b. A plosive.
- The depression between the muzzle and top of the skull of an animal, especially a dog.
- Sports A save made by a goalie.
- Games A stopper.
- Architecture A projecting stone, often carved, at the end of a molding.
- A control mechanism on an audio or video player that causes a recording to stop playing.
Origin of stopMiddle English stoppen from Old English -stoppian probably from Vulgar Latin stuppāre to caulk from Latin stuppa tow, broken flax from Greek stuppē
(third-person singular simple present stops, present participle stopping, simple past and past participle stopped)
- (intransitive) To cease moving.
- I stopped at the traffic lights.
- (intransitive) To come to an end.
- The riots stopped when police moved in.
- Soon the rain will stop.
- To cause (something) to cease moving or progressing.
- The sight of the armed men stopped him in his tracks.
- This guy is a fraudster. I need to stop the cheque I wrote him.
- To cause (something) to come to an end.
- The referees stopped the fight.
- To close or block an opening.
- He stopped the wound with gauze.
- (intransitive, photography, often with "up" or "down") To adjust the aperture of a camera lens.
- To achieve maximum depth of field, he stopped down to an f-stop of 22.
- (intransitive) To stay; to spend a short time; to reside temporarily.
- to stop with a friend
- He stopped for two weeks at the inn.
- (intransitive) To tarry.
- He stopped at his friend's house before continuing with his drive.
- (music) To regulate the sounds of (musical strings, etc.) by pressing them against the fingerboard with the finger, or otherwise shortening the vibrating part.
- (nautical) To make fast; to stopper.
- This is a catenative verb that takes the gerund (-ing) or the to infinitive. for more information.
- A (usually marked) place where line buses, trams or trains halt to let passengers get on and off.
- They agreed to see each other at the bus stop.
- An action of stopping; interruption of travel.
- That stop was not planned.
- A device intended to block the path of a moving object; as, a door stop.
- (linguistics) A consonant sound in which the passage of air through the mouth is temporarily blocked by the lips, tongue, or glottis.
- A symbol used for purposes of punctuation and representing a pause or separating clauses, particularly a full stop, comma, colon or semicolon.
- That which stops, impedes, or obstructs; an obstacle; an impediment.
- Pull out all the stops.
- A function that halts playback or recording in devices such as videocassette and DVD player.
- (by extension) A button that activates the stop function.
- (music) A knob or pin used to regulate the flow of air in an organ.
- The organ is loudest when all the stops are pulled.
- (tennis) A very short shot which touches the ground close behind the net and is intended to bounce as little as possible.
- (zoology) The depression in a dog's face between the skull and the nasal bones.
- The stop in a bulldog's face is very marked.
- (photography) An f-stop.
- (engineering) A device, or piece, as a pin, block, pawl, etc., for arresting or limiting motion, or for determining the position to which another part shall be brought.
- (architecture) A member, plain or moulded, formed of a separate piece and fixed to a jamb, against which a door or window shuts.
- The diaphragm used in optical instruments to cut off the marginal portions of a beam of light passing through lenses.
From Middle English stoppen, stoppien, from Old English stoppian (“to stop, close"), from Proto-Germanic *stuppÅnÄ… (“to stop, close"), *stuppijanÄ… (“to push, pierce, prick"), from Proto-Indo-European *stÃb(h)-, *stemb(h)- (“to support, stamp, become angry, be amazed"). Cognate with West Frisian stopje (“to stop"), Dutch stoppen (“to stop"), Low German stoppen (“to stop"), German stopfen (“to be filling, stuff"), German stoppen (“to stop"), Danish stoppe (“to stop"), Swedish & Icelandic stoppa (“to stop"), Middle High German stupfen, stÃ¼pfen (“to pierce"). More at stuff, stump.
Alternate etymology derives Proto-Germanic *stuppÅnÄ… from an assumed Vulgar Latin *stÅ«pÄre, *stuppÄre (“to stop up with tow"), from stÅ«pa, stÄ«pa, stuppa (“tow, flax, oakum"), from Ancient Greek ÏƒÏ„ÏÏ€Î· (stÃ½pÄ“), ÏƒÏ„ÏÏ€Ï€Î· (stÃ½ppÄ“, “tow, flax, oakum"), from Proto-Indo-European *steyÉ™- (“to thicken, clump up, condense"). This derivation, however, is doubtful, as the earliest instances of the Germanic verb do not carry the meaning of "stuff, stop with tow". Rather, these senses developed later in response to influence from similar sounding words in Latin and Romance .
From Middle English stoppe, from Old English stoppa (“bucket, pail, a stop"), from Proto-Germanic *stuppÃ´ (“vat, vessel"), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)teub- (“to push, hit; stick, stump"). Cognate with Norwegian stopp, stoppa (“deep well, recess"), Middle High German stubech, stÃ¼bich ("barrel, vat, unit of measure"; > German StÃ¼bchen). Related also to Middle Low German stÅp (“beaker, flask"), Middle High German stouf (“beaker, flask"), Norwegian staupa (“goblet"), Icelandic staupa (“shot-glass"), Old English stÄ“ap (“a stoup, beaker, drinking vessel, cup, flagon"). Cognate to Albanian shtambÃ« (“amphora, bucket"). See stoup.