- An example of to surrender is for someone to turn themselves into the police if they have done something wrong.
- An example of to surrender is a mother giving up her baby to be adopted.
To surrender is defined as to give up control of something or to give something up to another.
- to give up possession of or power over; yield to another on demand or compulsion
- to give up claim to; give over or yield, esp. voluntarily, as in favor of another
- to give up or abandon: surrendering all hope
- to yield or resign (oneself) to an emotion, influence, etc.
Origin of surrenderMiddle English surrendren from Middle French surrendre from sur-, up (see sur-) + rendre, to render
- to give oneself up to another's power or control, esp. as a prisoner
- to give in (to): to surrender to temptation
- the act of surrendering, yielding, or giving up, over, or in
- Insurance the voluntary abandonment of a policy by an insured person in return for a cash payment (surrender value), thus freeing the company of liability
Origin of surrenderLME < MFr surrendre, inf. used as n.
verbsur·ren·dered, sur·ren·der·ing, sur·ren·ders
- To relinquish possession or control of (something) to another because of demand or compulsion: surrendered the city to the enemy. See Synonyms at relinquish.
- To give up in favor of another, especially voluntarily: surrendered her chair to her grandmother.
- To give up or abandon: surrender all hope.
- To give over or resign (oneself) to something, as to an emotion: surrendered himself to grief.
- Law To effectuate a surrender of.
To submit to the power of another, especially after resisting; give up.
- The act or an instance of surrendering: The general demanded the unconditional surrender of the fort.
- Law The yielding of the possession of an estate to a party with a reversion or remainder interest in the estate, or of a lease to a landlord, prior to the term's expiration.
Origin of surrenderMiddle English surrenderen from Old French surrendre sur- sur- rendre to deliver ; see render .
surrender submission capitulation
These nouns denote the act of giving up one's person, one's possessions, or people under one's command to the authority, power, or control of another. Surrender is the most general: “No terms except unconditional and immediate surrender can be accepted” (Ulysses S. Grant). Submission stresses the subordination of the side that has yielded: “Our cruel and unrelenting enemy leaves us only the choice of brave resistance, or the most abject submission” (George Washington). Capitulation implies surrender under specific prearranged conditions: Lack of food and ammunition forced the capitulation of the rebels.See Also Synonyms at relinquish.
(third-person singular simple present surrenders, present participle surrendering, simple past and past participle surrendered)
- To give up into the power, control, or possession of another; specifically (military) to yield (a town, a fortification, etc.) to an enemy.
- (intransitive or reflexive) To give oneself up into the power of another, especially as a prisoner; to submit or give in to.
- To give up possession of; to yield; to resign.
- to surrender a right, privilege, or advantage
- To yield (oneself) to any influence, emotion, passion, or power.
- to surrender oneself to grief, to despair, to indolence, or to sleep
- An act of surrendering, submission into the possession of another; abandonment, resignation.
- The yielding or delivery of a possession in response to a demand.
- (law, property law) The yielding of the leasehold estate by the lessee to the landlord, so that the tenancy for years merges in the reversion and no longer exists.
surrender - Legal Definition
Delivery into the possession of another, such as vacating of property by the tenant before the lease has terminated so that the landlord may consider termination to have occurred; the giving up of a claim or a right; yielding to the control or power of another; the return of an estate to the one who has a reversion so as to merge the estate into a larger one.