Paper being folded to make a card.
- The definition of a fold is a crease, something that has been bended or the act of bending one part over another.
An example of a fold is a crease in a piece of construction paper.
- Fold is defined as to bend to bring one part over another.
- An example of fold is to create a card from one sheet of paper.
- An example of fold is to close up a beach chair.
- An example of fold is to cross ones arms.
- to bend or press (something) so that one part is over another; double up on itself: to fold a sheet
- to make more compact by so doubling a number of times
- unfold (transitive verb): fold open a map, fold out a centerfold
- to draw together and intertwine: to fold the arms
- to draw (wings) close to the body
- to clasp in the arms; embrace
- to wrap up; envelop
Origin of foldMiddle English folden from Old English faldan (WS fealdan), akin to German falten from Indo-European an unverified form pel-to from base an unverified form pel-, to fold from source (sim)ple, (tri)ple
- to be or become folded
- Informal to fail; specif.,
- to be forced to close, as a business, play, etc.
- to succumb, as to exhaustion; collapse
- Poker to withdraw from the betting on a hand, specif. by turning over one's exposed cards
- a folded part or layer
- a mark made by folding
- a hollow or crease produced by folded parts or layers
- Brit. a hollow; small valley
- Geol. a rock layer folded by pressure
- a pen in which to keep sheep
- sheep kept together; flock of sheep
- a group or organization with common interests, aims, faith, etc., as a church
Origin of foldMiddle English from Old English fald, akin to Dutch vaalt, enclosed place, Danish fold, sheep pen
- forming adjectives having (a specified number of) parts: a tenfold division
- forming adjectives and adverbs (a specified number of) times as many, as much, as large: to profit tenfold
Origin of -foldMiddle English -fold, -fald from Old English -feald: see fold
verbfold·ed, fold·ing, folds
- To bend over or double up so that one part lies on another part: fold a sheet of paper.
- To make compact by doubling or bending over parts: folded the laundry; folded the chairs for stacking.
- To bring from an extended to a closed position: The hawk folded its wings.
- To bring from a compact to an extended position; unfold: folded the ironing board down from the wall; folded out the map to see where we were.
- To place together and intertwine: fold one's arms.
- To envelop or clasp; enfold: folded his children to his breast; folded the check into the letter.
- To blend (a light ingredient) into a heavier mixture with a series of gentle turns: folded the beaten egg whites into the batter.
- a. Informal To discontinue operating; close: They had to fold the company a year after they started it.b. Games To withdraw (one's hand) in defeat, as by laying cards face down on a table.
- Geology To form bends in (a stratum of rock).
- a. To become folded.b. To be capable of being folded: a bed that folds for easy storage.
- Informal To close, especially for lack of financial success; fail.
- Games To withdraw from a game in defeat.
- Informal a. To give in; buckle: a team that never folded under pressure.b. To weaken or collapse from exertion.
- The act or an instance of folding.
- A part that has been folded over or against another: the loose folds of the drapery; clothes stacked in neat folds.
- A line or mark made by folding; a crease: tore the paper carefully along the fold; a headline that appeared above the fold.
- A coil or bend, as of rope.
- Chiefly British A hill or dale in undulating country.
- Geology A bend in a stratum of rock.
- Anatomy A crease or ridge apparently formed by folding, as of a membrane; a plica.
Origin of foldMiddle English folden from Old English fealdan, faldan ; see pel-2 in Indo-European roots.
top: isocline fold
center: overturned fold
bottom: recumbent fold
- A fenced enclosure for livestock, especially sheep.
- A flock of sheep.
- a. A group of people or institutions bound together by common beliefs and aims.b. A religious congregation: The priest welcomed new parishioners into the fold.
transitive verbfold·ed, fold·ing, folds
Origin of foldMiddle English from Old English fald
- a. Multiplied by a specified number: a twofold increase in sales.b. Divided by a specified number: a fivefold reduction in air pollution.
- Having a specified number of parts: a threefold plan for fighting poverty.
Origin of -foldMiddle English from Old English -feald, -fald ; see pel-2 in Indo-European roots.
(third-person singular simple present folds, present participle folding, simple past folded or feld (obsolete), past participle folded or rarely folden)
From Middle English fold, fald, from Old English fald, falæd, falod (“fold, stall, stable, cattle-pen”), from Proto-Germanic *faludaz (“enclosure”). Akin to Scots fald, fauld (“an enclosure for livestock”), Dutch vaalt (“dung heap”), Middle Low German valt, vālt (“an inclosed space, a yard”), Danish fold (“pen for herbivorous livestock”), Swedish fålla (“corral, pen, pound”).
From Middle English, from Old English folde (“earth, land, country, district, region, territory, ground, soil, clay”), from Proto-Germanic *fuldǭ (“ground, plain”), from Proto-Indo-European *pel- (“field, plain”). Cognate with Norwegian and Icelandic fold (“land, earth, meadow”).
- Used to make adjectives meaning times.
- There has been a threefold increase in inflation (= inflation is three times what it was before)
- Used to make adverbs meaning times.
- Inflation has increased threefold (= inflation is three times what it was before)
Note: -fold can be combined with the word for any positive integer. The words listed below are some of the most common combinations. These words are not hyphenated.
- Some writers and speakers use misconstructions like "an increase by twofold," which they believe to mean the same thing as "a twofold increase." But these two things logically mean "an increase by 200% of the original amount" and "an increase to 200% of the original amount," respectively. This practice is not only ambiguous but grammatically poor; it misuses -fold by using it as a noun. -Fold takes no preposition.
- In scientific contexts, "-fold" is sometimes appended to numerals (with the same sense), as in a 2010 paper by M.C. Stone et al., which mentions "10-fold up-regulation of the number of growing microtubules" in its abstract.
From Middle English, from Old English -feald (“-fold"), from Proto-Germanic *-falÃ¾az (“-fold"), from Proto-Indo-European *-poltos (“-fold"). Cognate with Dutch -voud, German -falt, Swedish -faldig (“-fold"), Latin -plus, -plex, Ancient Greek -Ï€Î±Î»Ï„Î¿Ï‚ (-paltos), -Ï€Î»Î¿Ï‚ (-paltos, -plos). More at fold.