- The definition of a turn is the act of rotating or a change in movement, direction or thought.
- An example of turn is spinning around in a partial or full circle.
- An example of turn is a change from driving straight to going left.
- Turn is defined as to rotate in a circle or to change position or reverse.
- An example of to turn is to spin a car wheel.
- An example of to turn is to completely change one's view on a situation.
- to cause to revolve or rotate to make (a wheel, globe, etc.) move about a central point or axis; revolve or rotate to give circular motion to; move around or partly around: to turn a key to do by a revolving motion: to turn a somersaultBaseball to execute (a double play)
- to form by revolving, rotating, etc. to give a rounded shape to by rotating against a tool, as in a lathe to give rounded shape or form to in any way to give a well-rounded or graceful form to: to turn a pretty phrase
- to change in position to change the position of, as by a rotating motion: to turn a chair around to revolve in the mind: ponder: often with over
- to bend, fold, twist, etc.: turn the sheet back
- to twist or wrench (one's ankle)
- to move so that the undersurface is on top and vice versa: to turn a phonograph record
- to spade, plow, etc. so that the undersoil comes to the surface
- to reverse (a collar, coat, etc.) so that the inner surface becomes the outer
- to change the movement or course of to bend the course of; deflect; divert: to turn a blow to cause to change intentions, actions, etc. [to turn someone from his purpose]; specif.,
- to convert or persuade
- to change in feelings, attitudes, etc.: to turn people against someone
- to stop or repel: to turn an attack
- to cause to recoil, rebound, etc.: criticism turned against the critic
- to keep (money, goods, etc.) circulating or moving
- to earn (a profit), as in a commercial transaction
- to change the direction, trend, etc. of to change the direction of (one's eyes, face, etc.) to direct, point, aim, etc.: to turn a gun on someone to change the trend, focus, etc. of: to turn one's thoughts to practical matters to put to (a specified) use or result; employ; apply: to turn knowledge to good account, to turn one's hand to writing
- to change the nature or condition of to change; convert; transmute: to turn cream into butter, a writer turned actor to exchange for: to turn produce into hard cash to subject: to turn another's remarks to ridicule to translate or paraphrase to derange, dement, distract, or infatuate to make sour to affect in some way: turned sick by the sight to change the color of
Origin of turnMiddle English turnen from Old English turnian and Old French turner, tourner, both from Classical Latin tornare, to turn in a lathe, turn from tornus, lathe from Classical Greek tornos, lathe, carpenter's compasses, akin to terein, to bore through: for Indo-European base see throw
- to revolve, rotate, etc. to move in a circle or around an axis; rotate or revolve; pivot to move in a circular manner; move around or partly around: the key won't turn
- to seem to be whirling or moving, as to one who is dizzy
- to reel or be giddy: said of the head
- to change position
- to move in a rotary manner so as to change position
- to shift or twist the body as if on an axis
- to change course or movement to change one's or its course so as to be moving, going, etc. in a different direction; deviate to reverse one's or its course; start to move, go, etc. in the opposite direction: the tide has turned to consult; refer (to) to go or apply (to) for help
- to change in direction, trend, etc. to change one's or its direction; face about; shift to direct or shift one's attention, abilities, thoughts, etc.: to turn from one's work to a hobby to make a sudden attack (on or upon): the dog turned on him to reverse one's feelings, attitude, allegiance, etc.: to turn against former friends to be contingent or depend (on or upon)Obs. to vacillate
- to become changed in nature or condition to enter into a specified condition; become: to turn bitter with age to change into another form, type, or sort: the rain turned to sleet to become rancid, putrid, sour, etc. to change color: leaves turning in the fall
- rotation, circular motion, etc. the act of turning around; complete or partial rotation, as of a wheel; revolution
- a winding of one thing around another
- a single twist, coil, winding, etc.; convolution
- the condition of being twisted, bent, etc. in a circular form
- the direction of this
- change of movement, direction, etc. a change of position or posture, as by rotating motion a change or reversal of course or direction: the turn of the tide
- a walk taken about a building, area, etc., as for inspection; tour
- a short walk or ride, returning to the starting place, as for exercise
- change of nature, condition, etc.
- a change in trend, circumstances, events, policy, health, etc.: a turn for the better
- turning point
- an occasional or repeated action, performance, etc. an action that harms or, more usually, benefits another: to do someone a good turn a bout; spell; try: a turn at gardening an attack of illness, dizziness, rage, etc.; fit the right, duty, or opportunity to do something, esp. as coming to each of a number of people in regular order: one's turn at batBrit. a shift of work
- a short performance given as part of a variety show; act
- its performer or performers
- trend, form, style, character, etc. a distinctive form, manner, cast, detail, etc.: a quaint turn to her speech natural inclination or aptitude; flair: an inquisitive turn of mind a tendency; drift; trend: the discussion took a new turn a variation or interpretation of the original: to give an old story a new turn
at every turn
call the turn
Origin of turnterm in faro, for guessing which card will be turned up to predict successfully
out of turn
- not in proper sequence or order
- at the wrong time; esp., unwisely or imprudently: to talk out of turn
to a turn
turn and turn about
- Informal to change or become changed for the better
- to complete (a project, process, etc.)
- to bring (a failing company, project, etc.) to a condition of profitability or solvency
- to reject (a request, advice, etc.)
- to reject the request, advice, etc. of (someone)
- to lessen the intensity or volume of (light or sound) by manipulating controls
- to make a turn into; enter
- to point (the toes) inward
- to deliver; hand in
- to inform on or hand over, as to the police
- to give back; return
- to fold over; double
- Informal to go to bed
- to leave (a road, path, etc.) and enter another branching off
- to branch off: said of a road, path, etc.
- to stop a flow of (water, gas, electricity, etc.)
- to close (a faucet, valve, etc.) so as to stop a flow
- to make (an electrical device) stop functioning by operating the controls
- to render (a function of an electronic device) inoperative as by adjusting a setting
- to stop displaying or showing, suddenly or automatically: to turn off a smile
- to deflect; divert
- Informal to cause (someone) to become bored, depressed, uninterested, etc.
- Brit. to discharge (an employee)
- to start a flow of (water, gas, electricity, etc.)
- to open (a faucet, valve, etc.) so as to start a flow
- to make (an electrical device) start functioning by operating the controls
- to render (a function of an electronic device) operational as by adjusting a setting
- to show or display suddenly or automatically: to turn on the charm
- to initiate in the use of a psychedelic drug
- to stimulate or be stimulated with or as with a psychedelic drug; make or become elated, euphoric, etc.
- to stimulate sexually
- to make interested, enthusiastic, etc.
- to put out (a light)
- to put outside
- to drive out; dismiss or discharge
- to turn inside out
- to assemble somewhere for some purpose: said of a group of people: many turned out for the rally
- to produce as the result of work
- to prove to be; be discovered to be: the butler turned out to have committed the crime
- to come to be; become or end up: it turned out well in the end
- to equip, dress, etc.
- Informal to get out of bed
- to change the position of, as by rolling
- to reverse the position of; turn upside down; invert
- to shift one's position, as from one side to the other; roll over
- to begin, or make begin, to operate, as an engine or motor
- to think about carefully; ponder
- to hand over; transfer
- to relinquish; delegate
- to put to a different use; convert
- to sell and replenish (a stock of goods)
- to buy and sell, or do business, to the amount of
- to lose possession of (the ball) due to a mistake or error
- to fold or bend back or over upon itself
- to shorten (a dress, a sleeve, etc.) by folding back the bottom edge and making a new hem
- to lift up or turn face upward, as to see the other side
- to bring to light, as by digging
- to increase the flow, speed, intensity, loudness, etc. of, as by turning a control
- to make a turn onto and ascend (a street on a hill, etc.)
- to make a turn into any street or road
- to have an upward direction
- to come about; happen
- to make an appearance; arrive
- to be found
verbturned, turn·ing, turns
- a. To cause to move around an axis or center; cause to rotate or revolve: A motor turns the wheels.b. To cause to move around in order to achieve a result, such as opening, closing, tightening, or loosening: turn the key; turn a screw.
- To alter or control the functioning of (a mechanical device, for example) by the use of a rotating or similar movement: turned the iron to a hotter setting.
- To perform or accomplish by rotating or revolving: turn a somersault.
- a. To change the position of so that the underside becomes the upper side: turn the steak; turn a page.b. To spade or plow (soil) to bring the undersoil to the surface.c. To reverse and resew the material of (a collar, for example).
- To revolve in the mind; meditate on; ponder: turned the question in her mind.
- a. To give a rounded form to (wood, for example) by rotating against a cutting tool.b. To give a rounded shape to (clay, for example) by rotating and shaping with the hands or tools.c. To give a rounded form to: turn a heel in knitting a sock.d. To give distinctive, artistic, or graceful form to: “They know precisely how to turn a dramatic line or phrase that is guaranteed to make the evening news” ( William Safire )
- a. To change the position of by traversing an arc of a circle; pivot: turned his chair toward the speaker.b. To present in a specified direction by rotating or pivoting: turn one's face to the wall.c. To cause (a scale) to move up or down so as to register weight: Even a feather will turn a delicate scale.
- a. To fold, bend, or twist (something).b. To change the position or disposition of by folding, bending, or twisting: Turn the design right side up on your jacket buttons. Turn the hat inside out.c. To make a bend or curve in: strong enough to turn a bar of steel.d. To blunt or dull (the edge of a cutting instrument).e. To injure by twisting: turn an ankle.f. To upset or make nauseated: That story turns my stomach.
- To change the direction or course of: turn the car to the left.
- a. To divert or deflect: turn a stampede.b. To reverse the course of; cause to retreat: “Then turn your forces from this paltry siege / And stir them up against a mightier task” ( Shakespeare )
- To make a course around or about: turn a corner.
- To reach and pass (a specified age): My niece has turned two.
- To change the purpose, intention, or content of by persuasion or influence: Her speech turned my thinking.
- To change the order or disposition of; unsettle: “Sudden prosperity had turned [his] head” ( Thomas Macaulay )
- a. To aim or focus: turn one's gaze to the sky; turned the camera on the speaker.b. To devote or apply (oneself, for example) to something: She turned herself to law.
- To cause to act or go against; make antagonistic: The scandal turned public opinion against the candidate.
- To cause to go in a specific direction; direct: They turned their steps toward home.
- To send, drive, or let go: turn the bully out of the bar; turned the dog loose.
- To pour, let fall, or otherwise release (contents) from or into a receptacle: Turn the dough onto a floured board.
- a. To cause to take on a specified character, nature, identity, or appearance; change or transform. Used with to or into : water that had been turned to ice; turn a rundown house into a show place.b. To affect or change the color of: Autumn turns the green leaves golden.c. To make sour; ferment: Lack of refrigeration turned the milk.
- To exchange; convert. Used with to or into : turns her singing talent into extra money.
- To keep in circulation; sell and restock: We turned a great deal of merchandise during the holidays.
- a. To make use of: turned the situation to our advantage.b. To get by buying and selling: turn a fair profit.
- To perform successfully; complete: turn a double play.
- Slang To perform (an act of prostitution): turning tricks.
- To move around an axis or center; rotate or revolve.
- To have a sensation of revolving or whirling, especially as a result of dizziness or giddiness: My head is turning.
- To change position from side to side or back and forth: I tossed and turned all night.
- To progress through pages so as to arrive at a given place: Please turn to page 31.
- a. To operate a lathe.b. To be formed on a lathe: a softwood that turns easily.
- To direct one's way or course: The truck turned into the gas station. Turn off the highway at the next exit.
- To change or reverse one's way, course, or direction: Too tired to go farther, we turned toward home.
- To change one's actions or attitudes adversely; become hostile or antagonistic: The peasants turned against the cruel king.
- To attack suddenly and violently with no apparent motive: The lion turned on the animal trainer.
- To channel one's attention, interest, or thought toward or away from something: “In the spring a young man's fancy lightly turns to thoughts of love” ( Tennyson )
- To devote or apply oneself to something, as to a field of study: Unsuccessful in math, the student turned to biology.
- To convert to a religion.
- To switch one's loyalty from one side or party to another.
- a. To have recourse to a person or thing for help, support, or information: You can always turn to me for advice.b. To start to use (something) as a solution to a problem or relief of distress: When things got really bad, he turned to drugs.
- To depend on something for success or failure; hinge: “The election would turn not on ideology but on competence” ( George F. Will )
- a. To change so as to be; become: His hair turned gray. I am a lawyer turned novelist.b. To change; become transformed. Used with to or into : The sky turned to pink at dawn. The night turned into day.c. To change color: The leaves have turned.d. To become sour: The milk will turn if you don't refrigerate it.
- To be stocked and sold: This merchandise will turn easily.
- To become dull or blunt by bending back. Used of the edge of a cutting instrument.
- The act of turning or the condition of being turned; rotation or revolution.
- A change of direction, motion, or position: Make a left turn at the corner.
- A place, as in a road or path, where a change in direction occurs; a curve: a sharp turn in the road.
- a. A change or deviation, as in a trend: a strange turn of events.b. A change or development in a particular way: The patient took a turn for the worse.c. A variation of a given kind or type: “His muse occasionally takes a humorous and satirical turn” ( Albert C. Baugh )
- A point marking the end of one period of time and the beginning of the next: the turn of the century.
- The midway point in a round of 18 holes of golf, at which the first set of nine holes has been completed.
- a. A period of participation: had a turn at wrestling in college.b. A chance or opportunity: took advantage at every turn.c. One of a series of such opportunities accorded people in succession or in scheduled order: waiting for her next turn at bat.
- a. An attack of illness or severe nervousness.b. A momentary shock or scare: I had quite a turn when I heard the crash.
- A characteristic mood, style, or habit; a natural inclination: an inquisitive turn of mind.
- A distinctive, graceful, or artistic expression or arrangement of words: the poetic turn of a phrase.
- A deed or action having a good or bad effect on another: “He thought some friend had done him an ill turn” ( Stephen Crane )
- A short walk or excursion out and back: took a turn in the park.
- A single wind or convolution, as of wire on a spool.
- Music A figure or ornament, usually consisting of four or more notes in rapid succession and including the principal note, the one a degree above it, and the one a degree below it.
- A brief theatrical act or stage appearance.
- A transaction on the stock market involving both a sale and a purchase.
- The fourth community card in Texas hold'em.
- Upper Southern & South Atlantic US An amount that can be carried or transported in one load: a turn of firewood; a turn of corn.
Origin of turnMiddle English turnen from Old English turnian, tyrnan Old French torner both from Latin tornāre to turn in a lathe from tornus lathe from Greek tornos ; see terə-1 in Indo-European roots.
(third-person singular simple present turns, present participle turning, simple past and past participle turned)
- Non-linear physical movement.
- (intransitive) Of a body, person, etc, to move around an axis through itself.
- the Earth turns; turn on the spot
- To change the direction or orientation of, especially by rotation.
- Turn the knob clockwise.
- (intransitive) To change one's direction of travel.
- She turned right at the corner.
- (figuratively) To change the course of.
- To shape (something) symmetrically by rotating it against a stationary cutting tool, as on a lathe.
- She turned the table legs with care and precision.
- (by extension) To give form to; to shape or mould; to adapt.
- To position (something) by folding it, or using its folds.
- turn the bed covers; turn the pages
- (cricket) Of a bowler, to make (the ball) move sideways off the pitch when it bounces.
- (intransitive, cricket) Of a ball, to move sideways off the pitch when it bounces.
- (intransitive) Of a body, person, etc, to move around an axis through itself.
- (intransitive) To change condition or attitude.
- To become (begin to be).
- The leaves turn brown in autumn. When I asked him for the money, he turned nasty.
- To change the color of the leaves in the autumn.
- The hillside behind our house isn't generally much to look at, but once all the trees turn it's gorgeous.
- To change fundamentally; to metamorphose.
- Midas made everything turn to gold. He turned into a monster every full moon.
- To hinge; to depend.
- The decision turns on a single fact.
- To rebel; to go against something formerly tolerated.
- The prisoners turned on the warden.
- (intransitive) To sour or spoil; to go bad.
- This milk has turned; it smells awful.
- To make acid or sour; to ferment; to curdle.
- to turn cider or wine
- (professional wrestling) To change personalities, such as from being a face (good guy) to heel (bad guy) or vice versa.
- To become (begin to be).
- Bible, Exodus xxxii. 12
- Turn from thy fierce wrath.
- John Locke
- The understanding turns inward on itself, and reflects on its own operations.
- (usually with over) To complete.
- They say they can turn the parts in two days.
- (soccer) Of a player, to go past an opposition player with the ball in one's control.
- To undergo the process of turning on a lathe.
- Ivory turns well.
- To become giddy; said of the head or brain.
- To sicken; to nauseate.
- The sight turned my stomach.
- To be nauseated; said of the stomach.
- (obstetrics) To bring down the feet of a child in the womb, in order to facilitate delivery.
- (printing, dated) To invert a type of the same thickness, as a temporary substitute for any sort which is exhausted.
- (archaic) To translate.
- to turn the Iliad
- A change of direction or orientation.
- Give the handle a turn, then pull it.
- A movement of an object about its own axis in one direction that continues until the object returns to its initial orientation.
- A single loop of a coil.
- A chance to use (something) shared in sequence with others.
- They took turns playing with the new toy.
- One's chance to make a move in a game having two or more players.
- A figure in music, often denoted ~, consisting of the note above the one indicated, the note itself, the note below the one indicated, and the note itself again.
- (also turnaround) The time required to complete a project.
- They quote a three-day turn on parts like those.
- A fit or a period of giddiness.
- I've had a funny turn.
- A change in temperament or circumstance.
- She took a turn for the worse.
- (cricket) A sideways movement of the ball when it bounces (caused by rotation in flight)
- (poker) The fourth communal card in Texas hold 'em.
- A deed done to another.
- One good turn deserves another.
- I felt that the man was of a vindictive nature, and would do me an evil turn if he found the opportunity [...]
- (rope) A pass behind or through an object.
- character; personality; nature
- (soccer) An instances of going past an opposition player with the ball in one's control.
From Middle English turnen, from Old English turnian, tyrnan (“to turn, rotate, revolve") and Old French torner (“to turn"), both from Latin tornÄre (“to round off, turn in a lathe"), from tornus (“lathe"), from Ancient Greek Ï„ÏŒÏÎ½Î¿Ï‚ (tÃ³rnos, “a tool used for making circles"), from Proto-Indo-European *tere-, *ter-, *trÄ“- (“to rub, rub by turning, turn, twist, bore"). Cognate with Old English Ã¾rÄwan (“to turn, twist, wind"). More at throw.