- The definition of a turn is the act of rotating or a change in movement, direction or thought.
- An example of turn is spinning around in a partial or full circle.
- An example of turn is a change from driving straight to going left.
- Turn is defined as to rotate in a circle or to change position or reverse.
- An example of to turn is to spin a car wheel.
- An example of to turn is to completely change one's view on a situation.
- to make (a wheel, globe, etc.) move about a central point or axis; revolve or rotate to give circular motion to; move around or partly around: to turn a key to do by a revolving motion: to turn a somersaultBaseball to execute (a double play)
- to give circular shape to by rotating against a tool, as in a lathe to give rounded shape or form to in any way to give a well-rounded or graceful form to: to turn a pretty phrase
- to change the position of, as by a rotating motion: to turn a chair around to revolve in the mind: ponder: often with over
- to bend, fold, twist, etc.: turn the sheet back
- to twist or wrench (one's ankle)
- to move so that the undersurface is on top and vice versa: to turn a phonograph record
- to spade, plow, etc. so that the undersoil comes to the surface
- to reverse (a collar, coat, etc.) so that the inner surface becomes the outer
- to bend the course of; deflect; divert: to turn a blow to cause to change intentions, actions, etc. [to turn someone from his purpose]; specif.,
- to convert or persuade
- to change in feelings, attitudes, etc.: to turn people against someone
- to stop or repel: to turn an attack
- to cause to recoil, rebound, etc.: criticism turned against the critic
- to keep (money, goods, etc.) circulating or moving
- to earn (a profit), as in a commercial transaction
- to change the direction of (one's eyes, face, etc.) to direct, point, aim, etc.: to turn a gun on someone to change the trend, focus, etc. of: to turn one's thoughts to practical matters to put to (a specified) use or result; employ; apply: to turn knowledge to good account, to turn one's hand to writing
- to change; convert; transmute: to turn cream into butter, a writer turned actor to exchange for: to turn produce into hard cash to subject: to turn another's remarks to ridicule to translate or paraphrase to derange, dement, distract, or infatuate to make sour to affect in some way: turned sick by the sight to change the color of
Origin of turnMiddle English turnen ; from Old English turnian and amp; Old French turner, tourner, both ; from Classical Latin tornare, to turn in a lathe, turn ; from tornus, lathe ; from Classical Greek tornos, lathe, carpenter's compasses, akin to terein, to bore through: for Indo-European base see throw
- to move in a circle or around an axis; rotate or revolve; pivot to move in a circular manner; move around or partly around: the key won't turn
- to seem to be whirling or moving, as to one who is dizzy
- to reel or be giddy: said of the head
- to run a lathe to be shaped on a lathe
- to move in a rotary manner so as to change position
- to shift or twist the body as if on an axis
- to change one's or its course so as to be moving, going, etc. in a different direction; deviate to reverse one's or its course; start to move, go, etc. in the opposite direction: the tide has turned to consult; refer (to) to go or apply (to) for help
- to change one's or its direction; face about; shift to direct or shift one's attention, abilities, thoughts, etc.: to turn from one's work to a hobby to make a sudden attack (on or upon): the dog turned on him to reverse one's feelings, attitude, allegiance, etc.: to turn against former friends to be contingent or depend (on or upon)Obsolete to vacillate
- to enter into a specified condition; become: to turn bitter with age to change into another form, type, or sort: the rain turned to sleet to become rancid, putrid, sour, etc. to change color: leaves turning in the fall
- the act of turning around; complete or partial rotation, as of a wheel; revolution
- a winding of one thing around another
- a single twist, coil, winding, etc.; convolution
- the condition of being twisted, bent, etc. in a circular form
- the direction of this
- a change of position or posture, as by rotating motion a change or reversal of course or direction: the turn of the tide
- a walk taken about a building, area, etc., as for inspection; tour
- a short walk or ride, returning to the starting place, as for exercise
- a change in trend, circumstances, events, policy, health, etc.: a turn for the better
- turning point
- an action that harms or, more usually, benefits another: to do someone a good turn a bout; spell; try: a turn at gardening an attack of illness, dizziness, rage, etc.; fit the right, duty, or opportunity to do something, esp. as coming to each of a number of people in regular order: one's turn at batBrit. a shift of work
- a short performance given as part of a variety show; act
- its performer or performers
- a distinctive form, manner, cast, detail, etc.: a quaint turn to her speech natural inclination or aptitude; flair: an inquisitive turn of mind a tendency; drift; trend: the discussion took a new turn a variation or interpretation of the original: to give an old story a new turn
at every turn
call the turn☆
Origin of turnterm in faro, for guessing which card will be turned up to predict successfully
out of turn
- not in proper sequence or order
- at the wrong time; esp., unwisely or imprudently: to talk out of turn
to a turn
turn and turn about
- to change or alter the attitude, behavior, condition, etc. of, as to improve or impress
- to complete (a project, process, etc.)
- to reject (a request, advice, etc.)
- to reject the request, advice, etc. of (someone)
- to lessen the intensity or volume of (light or sound) by manipulating controls
- to make a turn into; enter
- to point (the toes) inward
- ☆ to deliver; hand in
- ☆ to inform on or hand over, as to the police
- to give back; return
- to fold over; double
- Informal to go to bed
- to leave (a road, path, etc.) and enter another branching off
- to branch off: said of a road, path, etc.
- to stop a flow of (water, gas, electricity, etc.)
- to close (a faucet, valve, etc.) so as to stop a flow
- to make (an electrical device) stop functioning by operating the controls
- to stop displaying or showing, suddenly or automatically: to turn off a smile
- to deflect; divert
- ☆ Slang to cause (someone) to become bored, depressed, uninterested, etc.
- Brit. to discharge (an employee)
- to start a flow of (water, gas, electricity, etc.)
- to open (a faucet, valve, etc.) so as to start a flow
- to make (an electrical device) start functioning by operating the controls
- to show or display suddenly or automatically: to turn on the charm
- ☆ Slang
- to initiate in the use of a psychedelic drug
- to stimulate or be stimulated with or as with a psychedelic drug; make or become elated, euphoric, etc.
- to stimulate sexually
- to make interested, enthusiastic, etc.
- to put out (a light)
- to put outside
- to drive out; dismiss or discharge
- to turn inside out
- to come or go out, as to assemble somewhere
- to produce as the result of work
- to result; eventuate
- to prove to be; be discovered to be
- to come to be; become
- to equip, dress, etc.
- Informal to get out of bed
- to change the position of, as by rolling
- to reverse the position of; turn upside down; invert
- to shift one's position, as from one side to the other; roll over
- to begin, or make begin, to operate, as an engine or motor
- to think about carefully; ponder
- to hand over; transfer
- to relinquish; delegate
- to put to a different use; convert
- to sell and replenish (a stock of goods)
- to buy and sell, or do business, to the amount of
- Basketball, Football to lose possession of (the ball) due to a mistake or error
turn the scales
- to fold or bend back or over upon itself
- to shorten (a dress, a sleeve, etc.) by folding back the bottom edge and making a new hem
- to lift up or turn face upward, as to see the other side
- to bring to light, as by digging
- to increase the flow, speed, intensity, loudness, etc. of, as by turning a control
- to make a turn onto and ascend (a street on a hill, etc.)
- to make a turn into any street or road
- to have an upward direction
- to come about; happen
- to make an appearance; arrive
- to be found
verbturned, turn·ing, turns
- a. To cause to move around an axis or center; cause to rotate or revolve: A motor turns the wheels.b. To cause to move around in order to achieve a result, such as opening, closing, tightening, or loosening: turn the key; turn a screw.
- To alter or control the functioning of (a mechanical device, for example) by the use of a rotating or similar movement: turned the iron to a hotter setting.
- To perform or accomplish by rotating or revolving: turn a somersault.
- a. To change the position of so that the underside becomes the upper side: turn the steak; turn a page.b. To spade or plow (soil) to bring the undersoil to the surface.c. To reverse and resew the material of (a collar, for example).
- To revolve in the mind; meditate on; ponder: turned the question in her mind.
- a. To give a rounded form to (wood, for example) by rotating against a cutting tool.b. To give a rounded shape to (clay, for example) by rotating and shaping with the hands or tools.c. To give a rounded form to: turn a heel in knitting a sock.d. To give distinctive, artistic, or graceful form to: “They know precisely how to turn a dramatic line or phrase that is guaranteed to make the evening news” (William Safire).
- a. To change the position of by traversing an arc of a circle; pivot: turned his chair toward the speaker.b. To present in a specified direction by rotating or pivoting: turn one's face to the wall.c. To cause (a scale) to move up or down so as to register weight: Even a feather will turn a delicate scale.
- a. To fold, bend, or twist (something).b. To change the position or disposition of by folding, bending, or twisting: Turn the design right side up on your jacket buttons. Turn the hat inside out.c. To make a bend or curve in: strong enough to turn a bar of steel.d. To blunt or dull (the edge of a cutting instrument).e. To injure by twisting: turn an ankle.f. To upset or make nauseated: That story turns my stomach.
- To change the direction or course of: turn the car to the left.
- a. To divert or deflect: turn a stampede.b. To reverse the course of; cause to retreat: “Then turn your forces from this paltry siege / And stir them up against a mightier task” (Shakespeare).
- To make a course around or about: turn a corner.
- To reach and pass (a specified age): My niece has turned two.
- To change the purpose, intention, or content of by persuasion or influence: Her speech turned my thinking.
- To change the order or disposition of; unsettle: “Sudden prosperity had turned [his] head” (Thomas Macaulay).
- a. To aim or focus: turn one's gaze to the sky; turned the camera on the speaker.b. To devote or apply (oneself, for example) to something: She turned herself to law.
- To cause to act or go against; make antagonistic: The scandal turned public opinion against the candidate.
- To cause to go in a specific direction; direct: They turned their steps toward home.
- To send, drive, or let go: turn the bully out of the bar; turned the dog loose.
- To pour, let fall, or otherwise release (contents) from or into a receptacle: Turn the dough onto a floured board.
- a. To cause to take on a specified character, nature, identity, or appearance; change or transform. Used with to or into: water that had been turned to ice; turn a rundown house into a show place.b. To affect or change the color of: Autumn turns the green leaves golden.c. To make sour; ferment: Lack of refrigeration turned the milk.
- 21. To exchange; convert. Used with to or into: turns her singing talent into extra money.
- 22. To keep in circulation; sell and restock: We turned a great deal of merchandise during the holidays.
- 23. a. To make use of: turned the situation to our advantage.b. To get by buying and selling: turn a fair profit.
- 24. To perform successfully; complete: turn a double play.
- 25. Slang To perform (an act of prostitution): turning tricks.
- To move around an axis or center; rotate or revolve.
- To have a sensation of revolving or whirling, especially as a result of dizziness or giddiness: My head is turning.
- To change position from side to side or back and forth: I tossed and turned all night.
- To progress through pages so as to arrive at a given place: Please turn to page 31.
- a. To operate a lathe.b. To be formed on a lathe: a softwood that turns easily.
- To direct one's way or course: The truck turned into the gas station. Turn off the highway at the next exit.
- To change or reverse one's way, course, or direction: Too tired to go farther, we turned toward home.
- To change one's actions or attitudes adversely; become hostile or antagonistic: The peasants turned against the cruel king.
- To attack suddenly and violently with no apparent motive: The lion turned on the animal trainer.
- To channel one's attention, interest, or thought toward or away from something: “In the spring a young man's fancy lightly turns to thoughts of love” (Tennyson).
- To devote or apply oneself to something, as to a field of study: Unsuccessful in math, the student turned to biology.
- To convert to a religion.
- To switch one's loyalty from one side or party to another.
- a. To have recourse to a person or thing for help, support, or information: You can always turn to me for advice.b. To start to use (something) as a solution to a problem or relief of distress: When things got really bad, he turned to drugs.
- To depend on something for success or failure; hinge: “The election would turn not on ideology but on competence” (George F. Will).
- a. To change so as to be; become: His hair turned gray. I am a lawyer turned novelist.b. To change; become transformed. Used with to or into: The sky turned to pink at dawn. The night turned into day.c. To change color: The leaves have turned.d. To become sour: The milk will turn if you don't refrigerate it.
- To be stocked and sold: This merchandise will turn easily.
- To become dull or blunt by bending back. Used of the edge of a cutting instrument.
- The act of turning or the condition of being turned; rotation or revolution.
- A change of direction, motion, or position: Make a left turn at the corner.
- A place, as in a road or path, where a change in direction occurs; a curve: a sharp turn in the road.
- a. A change or deviation, as in a trend: a strange turn of events.b. A change or development in a particular way: The patient took a turn for the worse.c. A variation of a given kind or type: “His muse occasionally takes a humorous and satirical turn” (Albert C. Baugh).
- A point marking the end of one period of time and the beginning of the next: the turn of the century.
- The midway point in a round of 18 holes of golf, at which the first set of nine holes has been completed.
- a. A period of participation: had a turn at wrestling in college.b. A chance or opportunity: took advantage at every turn.c. One of a series of such opportunities accorded people in succession or in scheduled order: waiting for her next turn at bat.
- a. An attack of illness or severe nervousness.b. A momentary shock or scare: I had quite a turn when I heard the crash.
- A characteristic mood, style, or habit; a natural inclination: an inquisitive turn of mind.
- A distinctive, graceful, or artistic expression or arrangement of words: the poetic turn of a phrase.
- A deed or action having a good or bad effect on another: “He thought some friend had done him an ill turn” (Stephen Crane).
- A short walk or excursion out and back: took a turn in the park.
- A single wind or convolution, as of wire on a spool.
- Music A figure or ornament, usually consisting of four or more notes in rapid succession and including the principal note, the one a degree above it, and the one a degree below it.
- A brief theatrical act or stage appearance.
- A transaction on the stock market involving both a sale and a purchase.
- The fourth community card in Texas hold'em.
- South Atlantic US The amount that can be carried in the arms in one load: a turn of firewood.
Origin of turnMiddle English turnen, from Old English turnian, tyrnan and Old French torner, both from Latin tornāre, to turn in a lathe, from tornus, lathe, from Greek tornos; see ter&schwa;-1 in Indo-European roots.
(third-person singular simple present turns, present participle turning, simple past and past participle turned)
- Non-linear physical movement.
- (intransitive) Of a body, person, etc, to move around an axis through itself.
- the Earth turns; turn on the spot
- To change the direction or orientation of, especially by rotation.
- Turn the knob clockwise.
- (intransitive) To change one's direction of travel.
- She turned right at the corner.
- (figuratively) To change the course of.
- To shape (something) symmetrically by rotating it against a stationary cutting tool, as on a lathe.
- She turned the table legs with care and precision.
- (by extension) To give form to; to shape or mould; to adapt.
- To position (something) by folding it, or using its folds.
- turn the bed covers; turn the pages
- (cricket) Of a bowler, to make (the ball) move sideways off the pitch when it bounces.
- (intransitive, cricket) Of a ball, to move sideways off the pitch when it bounces.
- (intransitive) Of a body, person, etc, to move around an axis through itself.
- (intransitive) To change condition or attitude.
- To become (begin to be).
- The leaves turn brown in autumn. When I asked him for the money, he turned nasty.
- To change the color of the leaves in the autumn.
- The hillside behind our house isn't generally much to look at, but once all the trees turn it's gorgeous.
- To change fundamentally; to metamorphose.
- Midas made everything turn to gold. He turned into a monster every full moon.
- To hinge; to depend.
- The decision turns on a single fact.
- To rebel; to go against something formerly tolerated.
- The prisoners turned on the warden.
- (intransitive) To sour or spoil; to go bad.
- This milk has turned; it smells awful.
- To make acid or sour; to ferment; to curdle.
- to turn cider or wine
- (professional wrestling) To change personalities, such as from being a face (good guy) to heel (bad guy) or vice versa.
- To become (begin to be).
- Bible, Exodus xxxii. 12
- Turn from thy fierce wrath.
- John Locke
- The understanding turns inward on itself, and reflects on its own operations.
- (usually with over) To complete.
- They say they can turn the parts in two days.
- (soccer) Of a player, to go past an opposition player with the ball in one's control.
- To undergo the process of turning on a lathe.
- Ivory turns well.
- To become giddy; said of the head or brain.
- To sicken; to nauseate.
- The sight turned my stomach.
- To be nauseated; said of the stomach.
- (obstetrics) To bring down the feet of a child in the womb, in order to facilitate delivery.
- (printing, dated) To invert a type of the same thickness, as a temporary substitute for any sort which is exhausted.
- (archaic) To translate.
- to turn the Iliad
- A change of direction or orientation.
- Give the handle a turn, then pull it.
- A movement of an object about its own axis in one direction that continues until the object returns to its initial orientation.
- A single loop of a coil.
- A chance to use (something) shared in sequence with others.
- They took turns playing with the new toy.
- One's chance to make a move in a game having two or more players.
- A figure in music, often denoted ~, consisting of the note above the one indicated, the note itself, the note below the one indicated, and the note itself again.
- (also turnaround) The time required to complete a project.
- They quote a three-day turn on parts like those.
- A fit or a period of giddiness.
- I've had a funny turn.
- A change in temperament or circumstance.
- She took a turn for the worse.
- (cricket) A sideways movement of the ball when it bounces (caused by rotation in flight)
- (poker) The fourth communal card in Texas hold 'em.
- A deed done to another.
- One good turn deserves another.
- I felt that the man was of a vindictive nature, and would do me an evil turn if he found the opportunity [â€¦]
- (rope) A pass behind or through an object.
- character; personality; nature
- (soccer) An instances of going past an opposition player with the ball in one's control.
From Middle English turnen, from Old English turnian, tyrnan (â€œto turn, rotate, revolveâ€) and Old French torner (â€œto turnâ€), both from Latin tornÄre (â€œto round off, turn in a latheâ€), from tornus (â€œlatheâ€), from Ancient Greek Ï„ÏŒÏÎ½Î¿Ï‚ (tÃ³rnos, â€œa tool used for making circlesâ€), from Proto-Indo-European *tere-, *ter-, *trÄ“- (â€œto rub, rub by turning, turn, twist, boreâ€). Cognate with Old English Ã¾rÄwan (â€œto turn, twist, windâ€). More at throw.