The smooth even surface of freshly sanded wood.
- The definition of even is level or fair or divisible by two.
- An example of an even surface is a sanded and smooth piece of wood.
- An example of an even split is two pieces of pie that are the same size.
- An example of an even number is the number 10.
- To even something is defined as to make it equal or to make it level or smooth.
- An example of making something even is to break something in half and give one half to each person.
- An example of making a table even is to sand the top of the table to smooth away any high points.
- flat; level; smooth: even country
- not irregular; not varying; uniform; constant: an even tempo
- calm; tranquil; serene; placid: an even disposition
- in the same plane or line; in line: water even with the rim
- equally balanced
- owing and being owed nothing
- with neither a profit nor a loss
- revenged for a wrong, insult, etc.
- just; equitable; fair: an even exchange
- equal or identical in number, quantity, degree, score, etc.
- exactly divisible by two: said of numbers
- exact: an even mile
Origin of evenMiddle English from Old English efne, efen, akin to German eben, Gothic ibns from uncertain or unknown; perhaps Indo-European base an unverified form yem-, hold together from source Middle Irish emon, twins
- Obs. in an even manner
- used as an intensive or emphatic particle meaning:
- though it may seem improbable; moreover; indeed; fully: even unto death; even a fool could understand
- exactly; precisely; just; in no other way but: it happened even as I expected
- just as; while; already: even as he spoke, she entered
- still; yet: used in emphasizing a comparison: an even worse mistake
- Archaic namely; particularly: one there was, even John
Origin of evensee eve
- a. Having a horizontal surface; flat: an even floor.b. Having no irregularities, roughness, or indentations; smooth. See Synonyms at level.c. Being in the same plane or line; parallel: The picture is even with the window.
- a. Having no variations or fluctuations; uniform: the even rhythm of his breathing.b. Of uniform distribution: an even application of varnish.c. Placid; calm: an even temperament.
- a. Equal or identical in degree, extent, or amount: Use even amounts of butter and sugar.b. Equally matched or balanced: an even fight.c. Just; fair: an even bargain.d. Having nothing due on either side; square: If we each take half, then we'll be even.e. Having exacted full revenge: He finally got even with his betrayer.
- Having equal probability; as likely as not: an even chance of winning.
- Sports a. Having an equal score: The teams are even at halftime.b. Being equal for each opponent. Used of a score.
- Mathematics a. Exactly divisible by 2.b. Characterized or indicated by a number exactly divisible by 2.
- a. Having an even number in a sequence.b. Having an even number of members.
- Having an exact amount, extent, or number; precise: an even pound; an even foot.
- a. To a greater degree or extent. Used as an intensive with comparative adjectives and adverbs: This painting is good, but that one is even better.b. Indeed; moreover. Used as an intensive: He was happy, even ecstatic. Even a child knows better.c. Used as an intensive to indicate something that is unexpected: declined even to consider the idea.
- At the same time as; already; just: Even as we watched, the turtle emerged from its shell.
- To a degree that extends; fully: loyal even unto death.
- Exactly; precisely: It was even as he said: the jewel was gone.
tr. & intr.v.e·vened, e·ven·ing, e·vens
Origin of evenMiddle English from Old English efen
Origin of evenMiddle English from Old English ǣfen
(comparative more even, superlative most even)
- Flat and level.
- Clear out those rocks. The surface must be even.
- Without great variation.
- Despite her fear, she spoke in an even voice.
- Equal in proportion, quantity, size, etc.
- The distribution of food must be even.
- (not comparable, of an integer) Divisible by two.
- Four, fourteen and forty are even numbers.
- (of a number) Convenient for rounding other numbers to; for example, ending in a zero.
- On equal monetary terms; neither owing or being owed.
- (colloquial) On equal terms of a moral sort; quits.
- You biffed me back at the barn, and I biffed you here—so now we're even.
- parallel; on a level; reaching the same limit
- Because of confusion with the "divisible by two" sense, use of even to mean "convenient for rounding" is rare; the synonym round is more common.
(third-person singular simple present evens, present participle evening, simple past and past participle evened)
From Middle English, from Old English efen, efn, emn (“even, equal, like, level, just, impartial, true”), from Proto-Germanic *ebnaz (“flat, level, even; equal, straight”), from Proto-Indo-European *(h₁)emno- (“equal, straight; flat, level, even”). Cognate with West Frisian even (“even”), Low German even (“even”), Dutch even (“even, equal, same”), effen, German eben (“even, flat, level”), Danish jævn (“even, flat, smooth”), Swedish jämn (“even, level, smooth”), Icelandic jafn, jamn (“even, equal”), Old Cornish eun (“equal, right”) (attested in Vocabularium Cornicum eun-hinsic (“iustus, i. e., just”)), Old Breton eun (“equal, right”) (attested in Eutychius Glossary eunt (“aequus, i. e., equal”)), Middle Breton effn, Breton eeun, Sanskrit अस्नस् (amnás, “(adverb) just, just now; at once”).
The traditional proposal connecting the Germanic adjective with the root Proto-Indo-European *(H)aim-, *h₂eim-, *(H)iem- (“similarity, resemblance”) (Latin imāgō (“picture, image, likeness, copy”), Latin aemulus (“competitor, rival”), Sanskrit यमस् (yamás, “pair, twin”)) is problematic from a phonological point of view.
- (archaic) Exactly, just, fully.
- I fulfilled my instructions even as I had promised.
- You are leaving tonight? — Even so.
- This is my commandment, that ye love one another, even as I have loved you.
- Implying an extreme example in the case mentioned, as compared to the implied reality.
- Even a blind squirrel finds an acorn sometimes.
- Did you even make it through the front door?
- That was before I was even born.
- Emphasizing a comparative.
- I was strong before; but now I am even stronger.
From Old English efen.
- (archaic or poetic) Evening.
- (rare, dialectal or no longer productive) Prefix occurring mostly in older terms, bearing the meaning of equal-, co-, fellow-, joint-.
- Prefix used chiefly in parasynthetic derivatives with the sense of even.
- even-carriaged, even-edged, even-tempered, even-toed, evenwise
- Prefix meaning equally, similarly, same.
- Prefix meaning evenly, straight, direct, according to.
- even-pleached, even-set, even-spun, even-deed, even-down, even-forth
From Middle English even-, efen-, from Old English efen- (“equal, fellow-, co-”), from Proto-Germanic *ebna- (“like-, level, equal-”); same as Old English efen (“equal, even, level”). More at even. Cognate with Scots evin- (“equal-”), Old Frisian ivin-, evn- (“even-”), Old High German eban- (“even-”).