A very rough road.
- The definition of rough is coarse or uneven, or tough or difficult.
- An example of rough is the feeling of a bumpy road.
- An example of rough is going through depression.
- Rough is defined as something that is uneven or coarse.
An example of rough is the tall grasses around a golf course.
- not smooth or level; having bumps, projections, etc.; uneven: a rough surface
- not easily traveled over or through because rocky, overgrown, wild, etc.: rough country
- shaggy or bristly: an animal with a rough coat
- characterized by violent action, motion, agitation, disturbance, or irregularity; specif.,
- stormy; tempestuous: rough weather
- boisterous or disorderly: rough play
- harsh, rude, brutal, etc.; not gentle or mild: a rough temper
- sounding harsh; discordant; jarring
- tasting harsh or astringent: rough wine
- coarse, as texture, cloth, food, etc.
- coarse in manner, tastes, etc.; lacking refinement or culture: rough men, rough language
- lacking refinements, comforts, and conveniences: the rough life of a pioneer
- not refined, polished, or prepared; natural, crude, etc.: a rough diamond
- not finished, elaborated, perfected, etc.: a rough sketch
- not worked out in detail; without claim to be exact or complete; approximate: a rough estimate
- requiring muscular energy rather than skill or intelligence: rough labor
- Informal difficult, severe, or disagreeable: a rough time
- Phonet. articulated with an aspirate; having the sound (h)
Origin of roughMiddle English ruh, rugh ; from Old English ruh, akin to German rauh ; from Indo-European an unverified form reuk ; from base an unverified form reu-, to tear, tear out (from source rug, rotten): probably basic sense “hairy, woolly”
- rough ground
- rough material or condition
- the rough part, aspect, etc. of something
- ☆ a rough sketch or draft
- Chiefly Brit. a rough person; rowdy; tough
- Golf any part of the course where grass, weeds, etc. are allowed to grow, uncut, forming a hazard or obstacle
- in a rough manner; roughly
- Brit. without shelter; outdoors: to sleep rough
- to make rough; roughen: often with up
- to handle or treat roughly or brutally: usually with up
- Football, etc. to subject (an opponent) to intentional and unnecessary roughness
- to make, fashion, sketch, shape, or cut roughly: usually with in or out: to rough out a scheme
- to apply some preparatory or preliminary process or treatment to
- Rare to become rough
- to behave roughly: a penalty for roughing
in the rough
- a. Having a surface marked by irregularities, protuberances, or ridges; not smooth: planed the board so it was no longer rough.b. Coarse or shaggy to the touch: a rough scratchy blanket.
- a. Difficult to travel over or through: the rough terrain of the highlands.b. Characterized by violent motion; turbulent: rough waters.c. Difficult to endure or live through, especially because of harsh or inclement weather: a rough winter.d. Unpleasant or difficult: had a rough time during the exam.
- a. Characterized by or done with violence or forcefulness: a sport noted for rough play; a package that received rough handling.b. Boisterous, disorderly, or given to violence: ran with a rough crowd.c. Characterized by violence or crime: lives in a rough neighborhood.d. Lacking polish or finesse: rough manners.
- Harsh to the ear: a rough raspy sound.
- Being in a natural state: rough diamonds.
- Not perfected, completed, or fully detailed: a rough drawing; rough carpentry.
- The surface or part of something that is uneven or coarse: felt the rough of his chin.
- a. Rugged overgrown terrain.b. Sports The area of a golf hole in which the grass is left unmowed or is cut to a length longer than that of the fairway.
- a. A disorderly, unrefined, or unfinished state.b. A difficult or disagreeable aspect or condition of something: observed politics in the rough when working as an intern on Capitol Hill.
- A person given to violent or disorderly behavior; a rowdy.
transitive verbroughed, rough·ing, roughs
- a. To treat roughly or with physical violence: roughed up his opponent.b. Sports To treat (an opposing player) with unnecessary roughness, often in violation of the rules: was ejected from the game for roughing the passer.
- To prepare or indicate in an unfinished form: rough out a house plan.
Origin of roughMiddle English, from Old English rūh.
left: rough jade
right: polished jade
(comparative rougher, superlative roughest)
- Having a texture that has much friction. Not smooth; uneven.
- Approximate; hasty or careless; not finished.
- a rough estimate; a rough sketch of a building
- The sea was rough.
- Difficult; trying.
- Being a teenager nowadays can be rough.
- Crude; unrefined
- His manners are a bit rough, but he means well.
- Violent; not careful or subtle
- This box has been through some rough handling.
- Loud and hoarse; offensive to the ear; harsh; grating.
- a rough tone; a rough voice
- Not polished; uncut; said of a gem.
- a rough diamond
- rough wine
- The unmowed part of a golf course.
- A rude fellow; a coarse bully; a rowdy.
- (cricket) A scuffed and roughened area of the pitch, where the bowler's feet fall, used as a target by spin bowlers because of its unpredictable bounce.
- The raw material from which faceted or cabochon gems are created.
- A quick sketch, similar to a thumbnail, but larger and more detailed. Meant for artistic brainstorming and a vital step in the design process.
(third-person singular simple present roughs, present participle roughing, simple past and past participle roughed)
- To create in an approximate form.
- Rough in the shape first, then polish the details.
- To physically assault someone in retribution.
- The gangsters roughed him up a little.
- (ice hockey) To commit the offense of roughing, i.e. to punch another player.
- To render rough; to roughen.
- To break in (a horse, etc.), especially for military purposes.
(comparative more rough, superlative most rough)
- In a rough manner; rudely; roughly.
From Old English rÅ«h, from Proto-Germanic *rÅ«haz, cognate with West Frisian rÃ»ch (“rough"), Low Saxon (Low German) ruuch (“rough"), High German rau (“rough"), (old spelling) rauh (“rough"), Middle High German rÃ»ch (“rough"), (variants) rÃ»he, rÃ»h, rouch.