An example of something sturdy is a balance beam that can hold up to 400 pounds.
- that will not yield or compromise; firm; resolute: sturdy defiance
- physically strong; vigorous; hardy
- strongly built or constructed
Origin of sturdyME, defiant, refractory, hardy ; from Old French estourdi, stunned, reckless (the basic sense being “hard to influence or control”) ; from Vulgar Latin an unverified form exturdire, to be dizzy (? from too much chattering) ; from Classical Latin ex-, intensive + turdus, a thrush
Origin of sturdyOld French estourdi, giddiness: see sturdy
- Having or showing rugged physical strength or robust health: a sturdy lifeguard; a sturdy build.
- Substantially made or built; able to withstand stress or rough use: a sturdy ladder; sturdy boots.
- Marked by resoluteness or determination; firm: sturdy resistance.
Origin of sturdyMiddle English, fierce, valiant, disobedient, strong, from Old French estourdi, dazed, reckless, from past participle of estourdir, to stun, perhaps from Vulgar Latin *exturdīre, to be or act drunk like a thrush that has eaten fermented grapes or berries : Latin ex-, intensive pref.; see ex– + Latin turdus, thrush.
(comparative sturdier, superlative sturdiest)
- Of firm build; stiff; stout; strong.
- a sturdy oak tree
- Solid in structure or person.
- It was a sturdy building, able to withstand strong winds and cold weather.
- The dog was sturdy and could work all day without getting tired.
- A sturdy, hardened sinner shall advance to the utmost pitch of impiety with less reluctance than he took the first steps.
- Resolute, in a good sense; or firm, unyielding quality.
- a man of sturdy piety or patriotism
Circa 1300, in sense “unruly, reckless, violent", from Old French estourdi, form of estourdir, originally “to daze, to make tipsy (almost drunk)" (Modern French Ã©tourdir (“to daze, to make tipsy")), from Vulgar Latin *exturdire. Latin etymology is unclear - presumably it is ex- + turdus (“thrush (bird)"), but which this should mean “daze" is unclear. A speculative theory is that thrushes eat leftover winery grapes and thus became drunk, but this meets with objections.
Disease in cows and sheep is by extension of sense of “daze", while sense of “strongly built" is of late 14th century, and relationship to earlier sense is less clear, perhaps from sense of a firm strike (causing a daze) or a strong, violent person.