(comparative sturdier, superlative sturdiest)
- Of firm build; stiff; stout; strong.
- a sturdy oak tree
- Solid in structure or person.
- It was a sturdy building, able to withstand strong winds and cold weather.
- The dog was sturdy and could work all day without getting tired.
- A sturdy, hardened sinner shall advance to the utmost pitch of impiety with less reluctance than he took the first steps.
- Resolute, in a good sense; or firm, unyielding quality.
- a man of sturdy piety or patriotism
Circa 1300, in sense “unruly, reckless, violent", from Old French estourdi, form of estourdir, originally “to daze, to make tipsy (almost drunk)" (Modern French Ã©tourdir (“to daze, to make tipsy")), from Vulgar Latin *exturdire. Latin etymology is unclear - presumably it is ex- + turdus (“thrush (bird)"), but which this should mean “daze" is unclear. A speculative theory is that thrushes eat leftover winery grapes and thus became drunk, but this meets with objections.
Disease in cows and sheep is by extension of sense of “daze", while sense of “strongly built" is of late 14th century, and relationship to earlier sense is less clear, perhaps from sense of a firm strike (causing a daze) or a strong, violent person.