abstract[for adj., ab strakt′, ab′strakt′; for n.1 & vt.4, ab′strakt′; for n.2, ab′strakt′, ab strakt′; for vt.1, 2, & 3, ab strakt′]
- Abstract is defined as something that is not physical or concrete.
An example of abstract is the idea of justice.
- The definition of an abstract is a summary of a written work.
An example of an abstract is a written description of the findings of a scientific study.
- Abstract means to remove it or take it away.
An example of abstract is to take salt out of sea water.
Justice is an abtract concept.
- thought of apart from any particular instances or material objects; not concrete
- expressing a quality thought of apart from any particular or material object: beauty is an abstract word
- not easy to understand because of being extremely complex, remote from concrete reality, etc.; abstruse
- theoretical; not practical or applied
- designating or of art abstracted from reality, in which designs or forms may be definite and geometric or fluid and amorphous: a generic term that encompasses various nonrealistic contemporary schools
Origin of abstract; from Classical Latin abstractus, past participle of abstrahere, to draw from, separate ; from ab(s)-, from + trahere, to draw
- a brief statement of the essential content of a book, article, speech, court record, etc.; summary
- an abstract thing, condition, idea, etc.
- to take away; remove
- to take dishonestly; steal
- to think of (a quality) apart from any particular instance or material object that has it; also, to form (a general idea) from particular instances
- to summarize; make an abstract of
in the abstract
- Considered apart from concrete existence: an abstract concept.
- Not applied or practical; theoretical.
- Difficult to understand; abstruse: abstract philosophical problems.
- Denoting something that is immaterial, conceptual, or nonspecific, as an idea or quality: abstract words like truth and justice.
- Impersonal, as in attitude or views.
- Having an intellectual and affective artistic content that depends solely on intrinsic form rather than on narrative content or pictorial representation: abstract painting and sculpture.
- A statement summarizing the important points of a text.
- Something abstract.
- An abstract of title.
transitive verbab·stract·ed, ab·stract·ing, ab·stracts
- a. To take away; remove: abstract the most important data from a set of records.b. To remove without permission; steal: a painting that was abstracted from the museum.
- To consider (an idea, for example) as separate from particular examples or objects: abstract a principle of arrangement from a series of items.
- To write a summary of; summarize: abstract a long article in a paragraph.
- To create artistic abstractions of (something else, such as a concrete object or another style): “The Bauhaus Functionalists were &ellipsis; busy unornamenting and abstracting modern architecture, painting and design” (John Barth).
Origin of abstractMiddle English, from Latin abstractus, past participle of abstrahere, to draw away : abs-, ab-, away; see ab–1 + trahere, to draw.
- An abridgement or summary. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
- Something that concentrates in itself the qualities of larger item, or multiple items. [First attested in the mid 16th century.]
- An abstraction; an abstract term; that which is abstract. [First attested in the mid 16th century.]
- The theoretical way of looking at things; something that exists only in idealized form. [First attested in the early 17th century.]
- (art) An abstract work of art. [First attested in the early 20th century.]
- (real estate) A summary title of the key points detailing a tract of land, for ownership; abstract of title.
- (theoretical way of looking at things): Preceded, typically, by the.
(comparative more abstract or abstracter, superlative most abstract or abstractest)
- (now rare) Drawn away; removed from; apart from; separate. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
- Expressing a property or attribute separately of an object that is considered to be inherent to that object. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
- Considered apart from any application to a particular object; not concrete; ideal; non-specific; general, as opposed to specific. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
- Difficult to understand; abstruse; hard to conceptualize. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
- (archaic) Absent-minded. [First attested in the early 16th century.]
- (art) Pertaining to the formal aspect of art, such as the lines, colors, shapes, and the relationships among them. [First attested in the mid 19th century.]
- (art, often capitalized) Free from representational qualities, in particular the non-representational styles of the 20th century. [First attested in the mid 19th century.]
- (music) Absolute.
- (dance) Lacking a story.
- Insufficiently factual.
- Apart from practice or reality; vague; theoretical; impersonal; not applied.
- (grammar) As a noun, denoting an intangible as opposed to an object, place, or person.
- (computing) Of a class in object-oriented programming, being a partial basis for subclasses rather than a complete template for objects.
From Middle English, from Latin abstractus, perfect passive participle of abstrahō (“draw away”), formed from abs- (“away”) + trahō (“to pull, draw”).
(third-person singular simple present abstracts, present participle abstracting, simple past and past participle abstracted)
- To separate; to disengage. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
- To remove; to take away; withdraw. [First attested in the late 15th century.]
- (euphemistic) To steal; to take away; to remove without permission. [First attested in the late 15th century.]
- To summarize; to abridge; to epitomize. [First attested in the late 16th century.]
- To consider abstractly; to contemplate separately or by itself; to consider theoretically; to look at as a general quality. [First attested in the early 17th century.]
- (intransitive, reflexive, literally figuratively) To withdraw oneself; to retire. [First attested in the mid 17th century.]
- To draw off (interest or attention).
- He was wholly abstracted by other objects.
- (intransitive, rare) To perform the process of abstraction.
- (intransitive, fine arts) To create abstractions.
- (intransitive, computing) To produce an abstraction, usually by refactoring existing code. Generally used with "out".
- He abstracted out the square root function.
- (to separate or disengage): Followed by the word from.
- (to withdraw oneself): Followed by the word from.
- (to summarize): Pronounced predominately as /ˈæbˌstrækt/.
- All other senses are pronounced as /æbˈstrækt/.
First attested in 1542. Partly from English abstract (adjective form), and from Latin abstrat past participle of abstrahō (“to draw away”).