isolate[ī′sə lāt′; for n., usually, -lit]
- The definition of isolate is to separate a person from others and put him by himself, or to separate out a problem to deal with separately, or extracting a part from a hole.
- An example of isolate is when you turn everyone against your enemy, causing him to be alone.
- An example of isolate is when you separate one part of a problem from the others so you can focus on solving just that aspect of the problem.
- An example of isolate is when you try to identify one secret ingredient in a recipe you are eating.
transitive verbisolated, isolating
- to set apart from others; place alone
- Chem. to separate (an element or compound) in pure form from substances with which it is combined or mixed
- Med. to place (a patient) apart from others to prevent the spread of infection
- Microbiol. to grow a pure culture of (a microbe), usually as individual colonies on a solid medium
Origin of isolateback-formation ; from isolated ; from Italian isolato, past participle of isolare, to isolate ; from isola ; from Classical Latin insula, island: see isle
- a person or group that is set apart
- Psychol., Sociology a person who is separated from normal social activity, as through choice, rejection, psychological problems, etc.
transitive verbi·so·lat·ed, i·so·lat·ing, i·so·lates
- a. To cause to be alone or apart, as in being inaccessible or unable to move about: The police isolated the area until more help could arrive.b. To place in quarantine.c. To cause to become socially or politically unengaged or ostracized: an immigrant who was isolated by his poor language skills.d. To render free of external influence; insulate: a system of government that isolated its citizens from foreign ideas.
- To identify or distinguish as a separate entity or group: The study tried to isolate the effects of changing schools on student performance.
- a. Chemistry To separate (a substance) in pure form from a combined mixture.b. Microbiology To separate (a pure strain of a microorganism or virus) from a mixed culture.
- Psychology To separate (experiences or memories) from the emotions relating to them.
- Electricity a. To set apart (a component, circuit, or system) from a source of electricity.b. To insulate or shield.
- A person, thing, or group that has been isolated, as by geographic, ecologic, or social barriers.
- Microbiology A population of microorganisms or viruses that has been isolated.
- Linguistics A language isolate.
Origin of isolateBack-formation from isolated.
(third-person singular simple present isolates, present participle isolating, simple past and past participle isolated)
- To set apart or cut off from others.
- To place in quarantine or isolation.
- (chemistry) To separate a substance in pure form from a mixture.
- To insulate, or make free of external influence.
- (microbiology) To separate a pure strain of bacteria etc. from a mixed culture.
- To insulate an electrical component from a source of electricity.
- Something that has been isolated.
- aeolist, et alios