- An example of include is adding an email address to a party invitation for RSVPs.
- An example of include is to invite someone to join the group on a planned event.
transitive verb-·clud′ed, -·clud′ing
- Archaic to shut up or in; enclose
- to have as part of a whole; contain; comprise: the price includes sales tax
- to consider as part of a whole; take into account
- to make part of a whole; put into a total, category, etc.: to be included as a candidate
Origin of includeMiddle English includen from Classical Latin includere from in-, in + claudere, to shut, close
transitive verbin·clud·ed, in·clud·ing, in·cludes
- To contain or take in as a part, element, or member.
- To consider as part of or allow into a group or class: thanked the host for including us.
Origin of includeMiddle English includen from Latin inclūdere to enclose in- in ; see in- 2. claudere to close
- in·clud′a·ble in·clud′i·ble
Usage Note: The word include generally suggests that what follows is a partial list, not an exhaustive list, of the contents of what the subject refers to. Therefore a sentence like New England includes Connecticut and Rhode Island is acceptable, since it implies that there are states that are also a part of New England but are not mentioned in the list, and in fact this is correct. When a full enumeration is given, a different construction, such as one using comprise or consist of, must be used: New England comprises/consists of (not includes ) Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire, and Maine. There are cases, however, in which include does not rule out the possibility of a complete listing, as when the exact makeup of the subject is unknown or yet to be determined. Thus the sentence The bibliography should include all the journal articles you have used does not entail that the bibliography must contain something other than journal articles, though it does leave that possibility open. Another case in which the list following include may be exhaustive is when the list explicitly or implicitly describes what is not included. Thus, We decided to include only those artists who had written works within the last five years is acceptable, since the set of artists not included is implicitly defined as those who have not written works within the last five years. The same goes for cases of explicit exclusion from the list: My shopping list includes everything you told me to buy, and nothing else. See Usage Note at comprise .
(third-person singular simple present includes, present participle including, simple past and past participle included)
- To bring into a group, class, set, or total as a (new) part or member.
- I will purchase the vacation package if you will include car rental.
- To contain, as parts of a whole; to comprehend.
- The vacation package includes car rental.
- Does this volume of Shakespeare include his sonnets?
- I was included in the invitation to the family gathering.
- up to and including page twenty-five
- (computing) A piece of source code or other content that is dynamically retrieved for inclusion in another item.
(1420) From Latin includere (“to shut in, enclose, insert”), from in- (“in”) + claudere (“to shut”).
include - Computer Definition
A statement in a program that directs the compiler or interpreter to process another file of code at that point. An include capability (often with a pound sign: "#include") allows libraries of predefined code to be combined into one program. Ada compilers use a "with" statement instead of include. See header file. See also server-side include.