- a large cask, esp. for wine, beer, or ale
- a measure of capacity for liquids, usually 252 wine gallons (954 liters)
Origin of tunMiddle English tonne ; from Old English tunne, large cask and amp; Old French tonne, both ; from Medieval Latin tunna ; from Celtic base
- A large cask for liquids, especially wine.
- A measure of liquid capacity, especially one equivalent to approximately 252 gallons (954 liters).
Origin of tunMiddle English, from Old English tunne, possibly of Celtic origin.
- A large cask; an oblong vessel bulging in the middle, like a pipe or puncheon, and girt with hoops; a wine cask.
- (brewing) A fermenting vat.
- An old English measure of capacity for liquids, containing 252 wine gallons; equal to two pipes.
- A weight of 2,240 pounds.
- An indefinite large quantity.
- (archaic, humorous or derogatory) A drunkard.
- (zoology) Any shell belonging to Tonna and allied genera; called also tun-shell.
- A part of the ancient Maya Long Count Calendar system which corresponds to 18 winal cycles or 360 days.
(third-person singular simple present tuns, present participle tunning, simple past and past participle tunned)
- To put into tuns, or casks.
From Middle English tunne, tonne (“cask, barrel”), from Old English tunne (“tun, cask, barrel”), from Proto-Germanic *tunnǭ, *tunnō (“tun, barrel, cask”), of unknown origin. Cognate with North Frisian tenn (“tun, barrel, cask”), Dutch ton (“tun, barrel, cask”), German Tonne (“tun, barrel, drum”), Danish tønde (“barrel”), Swedish tunna (“barrel, cask, tun”), Icelandic tunna (“barrel”). Compare also French tonne, tonneau (“ton", "barrel”), Medieval Latin tunna (“cask”), Middle Irish tunna (“cask”), Welsh tynell (“tun, barrel”). It is uncertain whether the Germanic or the Celtic forms are the original.