(plural common columbines)
- The Common Columbine, Aquilegia vulgaris (also called European Columbine, Granny's Bonnet, Granny's Nightcap) is a species of columbine of the genus Aquilegia (the word columbine comes from Medieval Latin columbīna herba dove plant, dovelike plant; from Latin columba "dove") with about 60-70 species of perennial plants in the family Ranunculaceae.
From the Latin adjective columbīna "of [a] pigeon[s], dove[s]" (which was used as a modifier, qualifier (i.e. pigeon-like, pigeonish, dove-like, dovish) before the noun herba "plant"), which comes from the noun columba "pigeon, dove". The adjective columbina was later nominalized, with the noun herba "plant" understood. (columbine/dove [plant] < columbina [herba])