subject[sub′jikt, -jekt′; for v. səb jekt′]
- The definition of subject is someone or something likely to do or be affected by something or someone.
An example of subject is a child who tends to throw fits when they don't get their way.
- A subject is someone or something that is under the authority of another or others.
An example of subject is having to obey rules.
- A subject is someone or something that is under the control of another.
An example of subject is a person living in England being under the authority of the queen.
- Subject means something or someone that is a topic of a discussion, writing, art piece or area of study.
- An example of subject is a class about US History.
- An example of subject is a series of paintings featuring trees.
- Subject is defined as to make someone or something experience something.
An example of subject is leaving someone in the room with another person who won't stop talking.
- under the authority or control of, or owing allegiance to, another: subject peoples
- having a disposition or tendency; liable (to): subject to fits of anger
- liable to receive; exposed (to): subject to censure
- contingent or conditional upon (with to): subject to your approval
Origin of subjectMiddle English suget ; from Old French ; from Classical Latin subjectus, past participle of subjicere, to place under, put under, subject ; from sub-, under + jacere, to throw: see jet
- a person under the authority or control of another; esp., a person owing allegiance to a particular ruler, government, etc.
- someone or something made to undergo a treatment, experiment, analysis, dissection, etc.
Origin of subjectL subjectum, foundation, subject (transl. of Gr to hypokeimenon) < neut. of subjectus: see subjectthe something dealt with in discussion, study, writing, painting, etc.; theme
- the main theme or melody of a musical composition or movement, esp., the opening theme in a fugue
- originating cause, reason, or motive
- any of the various courses of study in a school or college; branch of learning
- Gram. the noun or other substantive that is one of the two immediate constituents of a sentence and about which something is said in the predicate
- Logic that part of a proposition about which something is said; that which is affirmed or denied
- the actual substance of anything as distinguished from its qualities and attributes
- the mind, or ego, that thinks and feels, as distinguished from everything outside the mind
Origin of subjectME suget < OFr < L subjectus: see subjectthe
- Obsolete to place under or below
- to bring under the authority or control of; cause to owe allegiance
- to make liable or vulnerable: to subject oneself to the contempt of others
- to cause to experience or receive some action or treatment: to subject someone to interrogation, subject a new drug to rigorous testing
- Rare to place before; submit: a plan subjected for approval
- Being in a position or in circumstances that place one under the power or authority of another or others: subject to the law.
- Prone; disposed: a child who is subject to colds.
- Likely to incur or receive; exposed: a directive subject to misinterpretation.
- Contingent or dependent: a vacation subject to changing weather.
- One who is under the rule of another or others, especially one who owes allegiance to a government or ruler.
- a. One concerning which something is said or done; a person or thing being discussed or dealt with: a subject of gossip.b. Something that is treated or indicated in a work of art.c. Music A theme of a composition, especially a fugue.
- A course or area of study: Math is her best subject.
- A basis for action; a cause.
- a. One that experiences or is subjected to something: the subject of ridicule.b. A person or animal that is the object of medical or scientific study: The experiment involved 12 subjects.c. A corpse intended for anatomical study and dissection.d. One who is under surveillance: The subject was observed leaving the scene of the murder.
- Grammar The noun, noun phrase, or pronoun in a sentence or clause that denotes the doer of the action or what is described by the predicate.
- Logic The term of a proposition about which something is affirmed or denied.
- Philosophy a. The essential nature or substance of something as distinguished from its attributes.b. The mind or thinking part as distinguished from the object of thought.
transitive verbsub·ject·ed, sub·ject·ing, sub·jects
- To cause to experience, undergo, or be acted upon: suspects subjected to interrogation; rocks subjected to intense pressure.
- To subjugate; subdue.
- To submit to the authority of: peoples that subjected themselves to the emperor.
Origin of subjectMiddle English, from Old French, from Latin subiectus, from past participle of sūbicere, to subject : sub-, sub- + iacere, to throw; see yē- in Indo-European roots.
(comparative more subject, superlative most subject)
- Likely to be affected by or to experience something.
- a country subject to extreme heat
- Menu listings and prices are subject to change.
- He's subject to sneezing fits.
- Conditional upon.
- The local board sets local policy, subject to approval from the State Board.
- Placed or situated under; lying below, or in a lower situation.
- Placed under the power of another; owing allegiance to a particular sovereign or state.
- (grammar) In a clause: the word or word group (usually a noun phrase) that is dealt with. In active clauses with verbs denoting an action, the subject and the actor are usually the same.
- In the sentence â€˜The mouse is eaten by the cat in the kitchen.â€™, â€˜The mouseâ€™ is the subject, â€˜the catâ€™ being the agent.
- The main topic of a paper, work of art, discussion, field of study, etc.
- A particular area of study.
- Her favorite subject is physics.
- A citizen in a monarchy.
- I am a British subject.
- A person ruled over by another, especially a monarch or state authority.
- (music) The main theme or melody, especially in a fugue.
- A human, animal or an inanimate object that is being examined, treated, analysed, etc.
(third-person singular simple present subjects, present participle subjecting, simple past and past participle subjected)
- (construed with to) To cause (someone or something) to undergo a particular experience, especially one that is unpleasant or unwanted.
From Middle English subget, from Old French suget, from Latin subiectus (â€œlying under or near, adjacent, also subject, exposedâ€), as a noun, subiectus (â€œa subject, an inferiorâ€), subiectum (â€œthe subject of a propositionâ€), past participle of subiciÅ (â€œthrow, lay, placeâ€), from sub (â€œunder, at the foot ofâ€) + iaciÅ (â€œthrow, hurlâ€).