reduce[ri do̵̅o̅s′, -dyo̵̅o̅s′]
- To reduce is to make something smaller or to become or feel smaller, or forcing someone into a less desirable position.
- When you sell off half of your doll collection, your actions are an example of reduce.
- An example of reduce is when your stomach gets smaller because you are on a diet; your stomach reduces.
- An example of reduce is when you insult someone and make him feel inferior.
- An example of reduce is when you are starving and you have no choice but to steal food- you are forced into or reduced to stealing.
transitive verbreduced, reducing
- to lessen in any way, as in size, weight, amount, value, price, etc.; diminish
- to put into a simpler or more concentrated form
- to bring into a certain order; systematize
- to break up into constituent elements by analysis
- to put into a different form: to reduce a talk to writing
- to change to a different physical form, as by melting, crushing, grinding, etc.
- to lower, as in rank or position; demote; downgrade
- to bring to order, attention, obedience, etc., as by persuasion or force
- to subdue or conquer (a city or fort) by siege or attack
- to bring into difficult or wretched circumstances: a people reduced to poverty
- to compel by need to do something: reduced to stealing
- to weaken in bodily strength; make thin: reduced to skin and bones
- to thin (paint, lacquer, etc.), as with turpentine
- Arith. to change in denomination or form without changing in value: to reduce fractions to their lowest terms
- to decrease the positive valence of (an element or ion)
- to increase the number of electrons of (an atom, element, or ion)
- to remove the oxygen from; deoxidize
- to combine with hydrogen
- to bring into the metallic state by removing nonmetallic elements
- Cooking to boil (a liquid) in order to decrease the volume and concentrate the flavors
- Phonet. to articulate (a vowel) in a central position, giving it a neutral quality, as in an unstressed syllable
- Photog. to weaken or lower the density of (a negative or print) by removing metallic silver
- Surgery to restore (a broken bone, displaced organ, etc.) to normal position or condition
Origin of reduceMiddle English reducen ; from Classical Latin reducere, to lead back ; from re-, back + ducere, to lead: see duct
- to become reduced
- to lose weight, as by dieting
verbre·duced, re·duc·ing, re·duc·es
- To bring down, as in extent, amount, or degree; diminish. See Synonyms at decrease.
- To bring to a humbler, weaker, difficult, or forced state or condition; especially:a. To gain control of; subject or conquer: “a design to reduce them under absolute despotism” (Declaration of Independence).b. To subject to destruction: Enemy bombers reduced the city to rubble.c. To bring to a specified undesirable state, as of weakness or helplessness: disease that reduced the patient to emaciation; teasing that reduced the child to tears.d. To compel to desperate acts: The Depression reduced many to begging on street corners.e. To lower in rank or grade; demote.
- To thicken or intensify the flavor of (a sauce, for example) by slow boiling.
- To lower the price of: The store has drastically reduced winter coats.
- To decrease the viscosity of (paint, for example), as by adding a solvent.
- To put in a simpler or more systematic form; simplify or codify: reduced her ideas to a collection of maxims.
- To turn into powder; pulverize.
- Chemistry a. To decrease the valence of (an atom) by adding electrons.b. To remove oxygen from (a compound).c. To add hydrogen to (a compound).d. To change to a metallic state by removing nonmetallic constituents; smelt.
- Mathematics To simplify the form of (an expression, such as a fraction) without changing the value.
- Medicine To restore (a fractured or displaced body part) to a normal condition or position.
- Linguistics To pronounce (a stressed vowel) as the unstressed version of that vowel or as schwa.
- To become diminished.
- To lose weight, as by dieting.
- Biology To undergo meiosis.
Origin of reduceMiddle English reducen, to bring back, from Old French reducier, from Latin redūcere : re-, re- + dūcere, to lead; see deuk- in Indo-European roots.
(third-person singular simple present reduces, present participle reducing, simple past and past participle reduced)
- To bring down the size, quantity, quality, value or intensity of something; to diminish, to lower, to impair.
- (intransitive) To lose weight.
- To bring to an inferior rank; to degrade, to demote.
- To humble; to conquer; to subdue; to capture.
- to reduce a province or a fort
- To bring to an inferior state or condition.
- to reduce a city to ashes
- (cooking) To decrease the liquid content of food by boiling much of its water off.
- (chemistry) To add electrons / hydrogen or to remove oxygen.
- (metallurgy) To produce metal from ore by removing nonmetallic elements in a smelter.
- (mathematics) To simplify an equation or formula without changing its value.
- (law) To convert to written form (Usage note: this verb almost always take the phrase "to writing").
- It is important that all business contracts be reduced to writing.
- (medicine) To perform a reduction; to restore a fracture or dislocation to the correct alignment.
- (to bring down): increase