The peninsula was then peopled by savages living in caves and subterranean holes.
But their colonies were democracies, disunited because each was pursuing its own special interests, while the French were united under despotic leadership. Frontenac attacked the Iroquois mercilessly in 1696 and forced these proud savages to sue for peace.
They were cultured, not at all savages, and for the first time since his capture, he held a glimmer of hope that he might find some semblance of happiness again.
Exposed to the incessant attacks of the savages, the place was a second time abandoned, February 1543.