Flower is defined as the part of a plant that is often brightly colored and provides the pollen that is moved from plant to plant for pollination.
Facts About Flowers
- Rose blooms are edible.
- There are over 250,000 species of flowering plants known on the Earth today.
- Saffron, the expensive yellow-tinted spice considered a delicacy by fine chefs, is derived from a type of crocus flower.
- Flowers work on time schedules depending on when they open and close, and when the insects that pollinate them tend to fly.
- Lilies are one of the oldest plant types known in the world, and have appeared in art for many centuries.
Symbolism of Flower Types
- Acacia: platonic love, chaste love, hidden love
- Absinthe-Woodworm: separation, a tormented love
- Agapanthis: immortality
- Alstroemeria: fortune, prosperity, wealth, devotion
- Amaryllis: pride, pastoral poetry, drama
- Apple blossom: concord, better things to come, temptation
- Aster: unpredictability, love, content, dainty
- Baby's breath: a pure heart, festive, happy
- Bamboo: strength, loyalty
- Begonia: deep thoughts
- Bell of Ireland: good luck
- Bluebell: delicate, humility, constancy
- Cactus-Saguaro Blossom: bravery, endurance
- Caladium leaves: delight, great joy
- Camellia: good luck for a man, excellence, gracious
- Carnation: a woman's love, pure love, fascination
- Columbine: foolish, folly
- Crocus: cheerful, foresight, happy
- Cyclamen: resignation, farewell
- Daffodil: unrequited love, chivalry
- Dahlia: good taste, pomp
- Daisy: love that is loyal, purity, innocence, keeping a secret
- Delphinium: courage, bold, presumption
- Fern: fascination, magic, shelter, confident, sincerity
- Fir: time, evaluation
- Flax: symbol of domesticity
- Forget me not: remembering forever, faithful, true love, good memories
- Frangipani: protection, shelter
- Freesia: spirited, trust
- Gardenia: joy, a secret love
- Geranium: folly, stupid, comfort
- Gloxinia: love at first sight
- Heather: solitude, admiration
- Holly: happiness in domestic situations, foresight, defense, strength
- Honeysuckle: sweetness, happy
- Hyacinth: sports, games, rashness
- Hydrangea: understanding, vanity, heartlessness, coldness
- Iris: affection, warmth, faith, wisdom, inspiration
- Jasmine: elegance, cheery, grace, amiable, friendly
- Jonquil: desire
- Larkspur: open heart, fickle, infidelity, beautiful spirit
- Lily-Calla: majestic, regal, royal
- Lily-Day: the Chinese emblem for Mother
- Lily-Eucharist: maiden charms
- Lily of the Valley: tears of the Virgin Mary, humble, beauty, sweetness, returning to happiness
- Lily-White: virginity, purity, majesty
- Lotus: mystery, truth
- Magnolia: splendid beauty, dignity, nobility
- Maidenhair: discretion
- Marigold: grief, jealousy, cruelty
- Marjoram: consolation, comfort
- Mimosa: sensitivity
- Mistletoe: affection, love, kiss me, sacred plant in India
- Moss: the love of a mother, charity
- Myrtle: Hebrew emblem of marriage, joy, love
- Narcissus: self, formality, egotistic
- Oleander: grace, beauty
- Palm Leaves: success, triumph, victory
- Peony: happy marriage, happy life, healing
- Petunia: anger, resentful
- Pine: pity, hope
- Primrose: young love, not being able to live without someone
- Rose-Leaf: hope
- Pink Rose: perfect happiness
- Red Rose: love
- Tea Rose: always remembering
- Thornless Rose: love at first sight
- White Rose: purity, innocence
- Yellow Rose: jealousy
- Rosebud: youth, beauty, innocent love
- Spider: elopement
- Stephanotis: happy marriage, good luck, wanting to travel
- Stock: affection, promptness
- Sunflower: sunshine, pride, devotion
- Tulip: symbolizes the perfect lover
- Violet: modest, faithful
- Wisteria: steadfast, youth, poetry
- Zinnia: remembrance
Symbolism of Flower Colors
- Red rose - love, beauty, perfection
- Pink rose - admiration, grace, elegance, joyfulness
- Yellow rose - warm feelings, happiness, friendship
- White rose - purity, innocence, new beginnings, remembrance
- Orange rose - desire, enthusiasm, passion, excitement
- Lavender rose - enchantment, love at first sight
Flowers other than roses also have symbolic meanings:
- Red flowers - energy, desire, strength, beauty, courage, and love
- Pink flowers - happiness, grace, youth, joy, and innocence
- Purple flowers - royalty, ceremony, dignity, success, pride, and admiration
- Yellow flowers - joy, lightheartedness, friendship, new beginning, and happiness
- Blue flowers - peace, serenity, openness, and can calm worries and anxiety
- White flowers - innocence, humility, reverence, simple beauty, modesty, and elegance
- Orange flowers - enthusiasm, energy, warmth, confidence, satisfaction, and a passion for life
- Green flowers - health, youth, good fortune, resilience, optimism, and renewal
- Lavender flowers - grace, refinement, feminine beauty, and elegance
Scientific Names for Flowers
Group A (Common name: Scientific name)
- Knotweed: Polygonum spp.
- Lady's mantle: Alchemilla mollis
- Lamb's-ears: Stachys byzantina
- Larkspur: Delphinium spp.
- Lavender: Lavandula angustifolis
- Lenten rose: Helleborus orientalis
- Leopard plant: Ligularia tussilaginea
- Leopard's bane: Doronicum spp.
- Ligularia: Ligularia stenocephala
- Peruvian lily: Alstroemeria hybrids
- Loosestrife: Lysimachia clethroides
- Purple loosestrife:, Lythrum salicaria
- Lungwort: Pulmonaria saccharata
- Southern lupine: Thermopsis caroliniana
- Maltese cross: Lychnis chalcedonica
- Marsh marigold: Caltha palustris
- Meadow rue: Thalictrum aquilegifolium
- Meadowsweet: Filipendula palmata
- Mealy-cup sage: Salvia farinacea
- Monkshood: Aconitum spp.
- Obedient plant: Physostegia virginiana
- African Marigold/American Marigold: Tagetes erecta
- Annual China Pink/Sweet William: Dianthus chinensis / Dianthus barbatus
- Milkweed: Asclepias curassavica
- Black-Eyed Susan: Rudbeckia hirta
- African-lily: Agapanthus cultivars
- Hardy ageratum: Eupatorium coelestinum
- Alkanet: Anchusa azurea
- Japanese anemone: Anemone x hybrida
- Artemisia: Artemisia absinthium
- Aster: Aster spp.
- Stokes' aster: Stokesia laevis
- Astilbe: Astilbe x arendsii
- Avens: Geum spp.
- Baby's breath: Gypsophila paniculata
- Balloon flower: Platycodon grandiflorus
- Basket-of-gold: Aurinia saxatilis
- Bear's breeches: Acanthus spinosus
- Bearded tongue: Penstemon spp.
- Bee-balm: Monarda didyma
- Hardy begonia: Begonia grandis
- Bellflower: Campanula spp.
- Bergenia: Bergenia cordifolia
- Black-eyed Susan: Rudbeckia fulgida
- Blackberry lily: Belamcanda chinensis
- Blanket flower: Gaillardia x grandiflora
- Bleeding heart: Dicentra spectabilis
- Fringed bleeding heart: Dicentra eximia
- Blue poppy: Meconopsis betonicifolia
- Blue star flower: Amsonia tabernaemontana
- Blue wild indigo: Baptisia australis
- Bluebeard: Caryopteris spp.
- Butterfly weed: Asclepias tuberosa
- Calla lily: Zantedeschia spp.
- Candytuft: Iberis sempervirens
- Canna lily: Canna x generalis
- Cardinal flower: Lobelia cardinalis
- Catmint: Nepeta spp.
- Chrysanthemum: Chrysanthemum morifolium
- Cinquefoil: Potentilla x hybrida
- Columbine: Aquilegia canadensis
- Purple coneflower: Echinacea purpurea
- Coral bells: Heuchera sanguinea
- Lanceleaf coreopsis: Coreopsis lanceolata
- Threadleaf coreopsis: Coreopsis verticillata
- Cranesbill geranium: Geranium sanguineum
- Crocosmia: Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora
- Daisy fleabane: Erigeron spp.
- Shasta daisy: Chrysanthemum x superbum
- Daylily: Hemerocallis spp., H. hybrids
- Spotted dead nettle: Lamium maculatum
- Delphinium: Delphinium cultivars
- English daisy: Bellis perennis
- Everlasting pea: Lathrus latifolius
- Geranium: Pelargonium x hortorum
Group B (Scientific name: Common name)
- Pelargonium peltatum: Ivy geranium
- Pennisetum setaceum: Crimson fountain grass/Annual fountain grass
- Pentas lanceolata, Pentas: Star cluster
- Petunia x hybrida: Petunia
- Plectranthus fosteri 'Marginatus': Spur flower
- Plectranthus argentatus: Silver plectranthus
- Portulaca grandiflora, Portulaca: Moss rose
- Ricinus communis: Castor bean
- Rudbeckia hirta: Gloriosa daisy
- Ruellia elegans: Red ruellia
- Russelia equisentiformis: Coral plant, Fountain plant
- Salpiglossis sinuata: Painted tongue
- Salvia coccinea: Texas sage, Bloody sage
- Salvia farinacea: Mealy-cup sage
- Salvia splendens, Salvia: Scarlet sage
- Salvia argentea: Silver sage
- Scabiosa atropurpurea, Scabiosa: Pincushion flower
- Scaevola aemula: Fan flower
- Schizanthus pinnatus: Butterfly flower
- Senecio cineraria: Dusty miller
- Solenostemon pumilus, Coleus pumilus: Trailing coleus
- Strobilanthes dyerianus: Persian shield
- Sutera corda: Bacopa
- Tagetes erecta, T. patula: Marigold
- Tagetes temurfolia: Signet marigold
- Tagetes erecta: American marigold; African marigold; Aztec marigold
- Tagetes patula: French marigold
- Tithonia rotundifolia: Mexican sunflower
- Torenia fournieri: Wishbone flower
- Tropaeolum majus: Nasturtium
- Verbena x hybrida: Verbena
- Viola cornuta, V. tricolor: Viola; Johnny-jump-up
- Viola x wittrockiana: Pansy
- Zea mays var. japonica: Ornamental corn
- Zinna angustifolia: Creeping zinnia
An example of a flower is a red rose, symbolic for love.
- To flower is defined as to come into your own and develop well or, in the case of a plant, to produce a bloom.
- An example of flower is a girl who is just turning 16 and who is common into her own and turning into a lovely young lady.
- An example of flower is a rose that blooms.
This rose bush is about to flower.
- the seed-producing structure of an angiosperm, consisting of a shortened stem usually bearing four layers of organs, with the leaflike sepals, colorful petals, and pollen-bearing stamens unfolding around the pistils
- a blossom; bloom
- the reproductive structure of any plant
- a plant cultivated for its blossoms; flowering plant
- the best or finest part or example: the flower of a country's youth
- the best period of a person or thing; time of flourishing
- something decorative; esp., a figure of speech
- Chem. a substance in powder form, made from condensed vapors: flowers of sulfur
Origin of flowerMiddle English flowre, flour, Old French flor, flour (Fr fleur) ; from Classical Latin flos (gen. floris), a flower: see bloom
- to produce blossoms; bloom
- to reach the best or most vigorous stage: his genius flowered early
- a. The reproductive structure of angiosperms, characteristically having either specialized male or female organs or both male and female organs, such as stamens and a pistil, enclosed in an outer envelope of petals and sepals.b. Such a structure having showy or colorful parts; a blossom.c. A flower head.
- A plant that is cultivated or appreciated for its blossoms.
- The condition or a time of having developed flowers: The azaleas were in full flower.
- The period of highest development or greatest vigor. See Synonyms at bloom1.
- The highest example or best representative: the flower of our generation.
- A natural development or outgrowth: “His attitude was simply a flower of his general good nature” (Henry James).
- flowers Chemistry A fine powder produced by condensation or sublimation of a compound.
verbflow·ered, flow·er·ing, flow·ers
- To produce a flower or flowers; blossom.
- To develop naturally or fully; mature: His artistic talents flowered early.
Origin of flowerMiddle English flour, from Old French flor, from Latin flōs, flōr-; see bhel-3 in Indo-European roots.
- A colorful, conspicuous structure associated with angiosperms, frequently scented and attracting various insects, and which may or may not be used for sexual reproduction.
- (botany) A reproductive structure in angiosperms (flowering plants), often conspicuously colourful and typically including sepals, petals, and either or both stamens and/or a pistil.
- A plant that bears flowers, especially a plant that is small and lacks wood.
- We transplanted the flowers to a larger pot.
- (usually with in) Of plants, a state of bearing blooms.
- The dogwoods are in flower this week.
- (euphemistic, hypocoristic) The vulva, especially the labia majora.
- (idiomatic) The best examples or representatives of a group.
- We selected the flower of the applicants.
- The best state of things; the prime.
- She was in the flower of her life.
- A figure of speech; an ornament of style.
- (printing) Ornamental type used chiefly for borders around pages, cards, etc.
- (in the plural) Menstrual discharges.
In its most common sense as "a colorful conspicuous structure", the word flower includes many structures which are not anatomically flowers in the botanical sense. Sunflowers and daisies, for example, are structurally clusters of many small flowers that together appear to be a single flower (a capitulum, a form of pseudanthium), but these are considered to be flowers in the general sense. Likewise, the botanical definition of flower includes many structures that would not be considered a flower by the average person, such as the catkins of a willow tree or the downy flowers found atop a cattail stalk.
(third-person singular simple present flowers, present participle flowering, simple past and past participle flowered)
From Middle English flour, from Anglo-Norman flur, from Latin flōrem, accusative of flōs, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰleh₃ (“to thrive, bloom”). Replaced Middle English blosme, blossem (“flower, blossom”) (more at blossom).
flow + -er