(third-person singular simple present dies, present participle dying, simple past and past participle died)
- (intransitive) To stop living; to become dead; to undergo death.
- followed by of; general use:
- followed by from; general use, though somewhat more common in the context of medicine or the sciences:
- followed by for; often expressing wider contextual motivations, though sometimes indicating direct causes:
- (now rare) followed by with as an indication of direct cause:
- (still current) followed by with as an indication of manner:
- She died with dignity.
- To stop living and undergo (a specified death).
- He died a hero's death.
- They died a thousand deaths.
- (intransitive, figuratively) To yearn intensely.
- (intransitive, idiomatic) To be utterly cut off by family or friends, as if dead.
- The day our sister eloped, she died to our mother.
- (intransitive, figuratively) To become spiritually dead; to lose hope.
- He died a little inside each time she refused to speak to him.
- (intransitive, colloquial) To be mortified or shocked by a situation.
- If anyone sees me wearing this ridiculous outfit, I'll die.
- (intransitive, of a machine) to stop working, to break down.
- My car died in the middle of the freeway this morning.
- (intransitive, of a computer program) To abort, to terminate (as an error condition).
- To perish; to cease to exist; to become lost or extinct.
- To sink; to faint; to pine; to languish, with weakness, discouragement, love, etc.
- To become indifferent; to cease to be subject.
- to die to pleasure or to sin
- (architecture) To disappear gradually in another surface, as where mouldings are lost in a sloped or curved face.
- To become vapid, flat, or spiritless, as liquor.
- (of a stand-up comedian or a joke) To fail to evoke laughter from the audience.
- Then there was that time I died onstage in Montreal...
From Middle English dien, deien, deȝen, from Old English dīġan, dīeġan (“to die”) and Old Norse deyja (“to die, pass away”), both from Proto-Germanic *dawjaną (“to die”) (compare Danish dø, Low German döen, Middle Dutch doyen, douwen, Old High German touwen), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰew- (“to pass away; to die”) (compare Old Norse dá 'catalepsy', Old Irish díth 'end, death', Old Church Slavonic daviti 'to strangle', Albanian vdes (“to die”), vdekje (“death”), Armenian դի (di, “corpse”), Avestan [script?] (dvaidī, “we press”)).
The game of dice is singular. Thus in "Dice is a game played with dice," the first occurrence is singular, the second occurrence is plural. Otherwise, using the plural dice as a singular instead of die is considered incorrect by most authorities, but has come into widespread use.
From Middle English dee, from Old French de (Modern French dé), from Latin datum, from datus (“given”), the past participle of dare (“to give”), from Proto-Indo-European *deh₃- (“to lay out, to spread out”).