- to execute; effect; perform (an act, action, etc.): do great deeds
- to carry out; fulfill: do what I tell you
- to bring about; cause; produce: it does no harm; who did this to you?
- to exert (efforts, etc.): do your best
- to deal with as is required; attend to: do the ironing
- to attend to cosmetically: do one's nails, have one's hair done
- to have as one's work or occupation; work at or on: what does he do for a living?
- to work out; solve: do a problem
- to produce or appear in (a play, etc.): we did Hamlet
- to play the role of: I did Polonius
- Informal to mimic or imitate: do Cary Grant
- to write or publish (a book), compose (a musical score), etc.
- to cover (distance): to do a mile in four minutes
- to move along at a speed of: to do 60 miles an hour
- to translate: to do Horace into English
- to give; render: to do honor to the dead
- to suit; be convenient to: this will do me very well
- to decorate or design: do a room in earth tones
- Informal to have or take (a meal): let's do lunch
- Informal to visit as a sightseer; tour: they did England in two months
- to prepare; cook: that restaurant does ribs really well
- to eat: let's do Mexican tonight
- Informal to cheat; swindle: now chiefly in the phrase do someone out of: they did him out of his rightful share
- Informal to serve (a jail term)
- Slang to take; ingest; use: we've never done drugs
- Slang to perform a sexual act upon; specif., to have sexual intercourse with
- Slang to kill
Origin of doMiddle English and amp; Old English don, akin to German tun, Old Saxon duan ; from Indo-European base an unverified form dh?-, to put, place, set from source Sanskrit dadh?mi, Classical Greek tithenai, to place, put, Classical Latin -dere (as in condere, to set down), facere, to do, make
- to act in a specified way; behave or perform: he does well when treated well
- to be active; work: do; don't merely talk
- to finish: used in the perfect tense [have done with dreaming]
- to get along; fare: mother and child are doing well
- to be adequate or suitable; serve the purpose: the black dress will do
- to take place; go on: anything doing tonight?
- Chiefly Brit., Informal used as a substitute verb after a modal auxiliary or a form of have in a perfect tense: I haven't seen the film, but she may have done
- used to give emphasis, or as a legal convention: do stay a while, do hereby enjoin
- used to ask a question: did you write?
- used to serve as part of a negative command or statement: do not go; they do not like it
- used to serve as a substitute verb: love me as I do (love) you
- used to form inverted constructions after some adverbs: little did he realize
- Chiefly Brit., Informal a hoax; swindle
- Chiefly Brit., Informal a party or social event
- Slang excrement; feces: dog do
- to criticize, belittle, or demean; disparage
- to gain advantage over, as by deception
- Slang to kill
- Informal to tire out; exhaust
do right by someone
do's and don'ts
- Informal to prepare
- to wrap up; tie up; fasten
- to arrange (the hair) so that it is off the neck and shoulders
do up right
do oneself well
Origin of domodeled on Ger sich gütlich tun
- to make use of: often with can or could
- to find helpful or agreeable: usually with can or could: I could do with a cold drink
have to do with
- to be related to or connected withalso Brit.be to do with
- to be associated with; deal with
Origin of doItalian (; from dominus, first word of a Latin hymn): used instead of earlier ut: see gamut
verbdid , done , do·ing, does
- a. To perform or execute; carry out: do one's assigned task; do a series of business deals.b. To fulfill the requirements of: did my duty at all times.c. To perform the tasks or behaviors typically associated with (something), especially as part of one's character or normal duties: That talk show host just doesn't do subtle.d. To participate in (a meal or an activity) with another person: Let's do brunch on Sunday.
- a. To produce, especially by creative effort: do a play on Broadway.b. To play the part or role of in a creative production: did Elizabeth I in the film.c. To mimic: “doing the Southern voice, improvising it inventively as he goes along” (William H. Pritchard).
- a. To bring about; effect: Crying won't do any good now.b. To render; give: do equal justice to the opposing sides; do honor to one's family.
- To put forth; exert: Do the best you can.
- a. To attend to in such a way as to take care of or put in order: did the bedrooms before the guests arrived.b. To prepare for further use especially by washing: did the dishes.
- a. To set or style (the hair).b. To apply cosmetics to: did her face.
- To have as an occupation or profession: Have you decided what you will do after college?
- To work out by studying: do a homework assignment.
- Used as a substitute for an antecedent verb or verb phrase: He can play the piano, and I can do that, too.
- Informal a. To travel (a specified distance): did a mile in four minutes.b. To go (a specified rate): did 80 mph on the highway.c. To make a tour of; visit: “[He] did 15 countries of Western Europe in only a few days” (R.W. Apple, Jr.)
- a. To be sufficient in meeting the needs of; serve: This room will do us very nicely.b. Informal To serve (a prison term): did time in jail; did five years for tax fraud.
- Slang To cheat; swindle: do a relative out of an inheritance.
- Slang To take (drugs) illegally: “If you do drugs you are going to be in continual trouble” (Jimmy Breslin).
- Slang To kill; murder.
- Vulgar Slang To have sex with or bring to orgasm.
- To behave or conduct oneself; act: Do as I say and you won't get into trouble.
- a. To get along; fare: students who do well at school.b. To carry on; manage: I could do without your interference.c. To make good use of something because of need: I could do with a hot bath.
- a. To serve a specified purpose: This coat will do for another season.b. To be proper or fitting: Such behavior just won't do.
- To take place; happen: What's doing in London this time of year?
- Used as a substitute for an antecedent verb: worked as hard as everyone else did.
- Used after another verb for emphasis: Run quickly, do!
- Used with the infinitive without to in questions, negative statements, and inverted phrases: Do you understand? I did not sleep well. Little did we know what was in store for us.
- Used as a means of emphasis: I do want to be sure.
nounpl. dos or do's
- A statement of what should be done: a list of the dos and don'ts of management.
- Informal An entertainment; a party: attended a big do at the embassy.
- A commotion.
- A hairdo.
- Chiefly British Slang A swindle; a cheat.
- Slang Fecal matter; excrement.
Origin of doMiddle English don, from Old English d&omacron;n; see dh&emacron;- in Indo-European roots.
Origin of doItalian, more singable replacement of ut; see gamut.
nounpl. dos Slang
- Doctor of Optometry
- Doctor of Osteopathy
(third-person singular simple present does, present participle doing, simple past did, past participle done)
- (auxiliary) A syntactic marker in questions.
- Do you go there often?
- (auxiliary) A syntactic marker in negations.
- I do not go there often.
- (auxiliary) A syntactic marker for emphasis.
- But I do go sometimes.
- (auxiliary) A syntactic marker to avoid repetition of an earlier verb.
- I play tennis; she does too.
- To perform; to execute.
- all you ever do is surf the Internet; what will you do this afternoon?
- W. Caxton
- My lord Abbot of Westminster did do shewe to me late certain evidences.
- a fatal plague which many did to die
- Bible, 2 Cor. viii. 1
- We do you to wit [i.e. we make you to know] of the grace of God bestowed on the churches of Macedonia.
- (intransitive) To suffice.
- it’s not the best broom, but it will have to do; this will do me, thanks.
- (intransitive) To be reasonable or acceptable.
- It simply will not do to have dozens of children running around such a quiet event.
- To have (as an effect).
- The fresh air did him some good.
- (intransitive) To fare; to succeed or fail.
- Our relationship isn't doing very well; how do you do?
- (chiefly in questions) To have as one's job.
- What does Bob do? — He's a plumber.
- To cook.
- I'll just do some eggs.
- To travel in, to tour, to make a circuit of.
- Let’s do New York also.
- To treat in a certain way.
- To spend (time) in jail.
- I did five years for armed robbery.
- To impersonate or depict.
- They really laughed when he did Clinton, with a perfect accent and a leer.
- (slang) To kill.
- (slang) To have sex with. (See also do it)
- To cheat or swindle.
- That guy just did me out of two hundred bucks!
- To convert into a certain form; especially, to translate.
- the novel has just been done into English; I'm going to do do this play into a movie
- (intransitive) To finish.
- Aren't you done yet?
- (UK, dated, intransitive) To work as a domestic servant (with for).
- (archaic, dialectal, auxiliary) Used to form the present progressive of verbs.
- (stock exchange) To cash or to advance money for, as a bill or note.
- In older forms of English, when the pronoun thou was in active use and verbs had a distinct second-person singular present-tense form, the verb do had two such forms: dost, in helping-verb uses, and doest, in other uses. (Naturally, these are both now archaic, though doest is less common than dost even as an archaism.) Similarly, when the ending -eth was in active use for third-person singular present-tense forms, the form doth was used as a helping verb, and the form doeth elsewhere; these have both been supplanted by the current form does, except in archaisms, where doth is more common than doeth.
From Middle English don (“to do”), from Old English dōn (“to do”), from Proto-Germanic *dōną (“to do”), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeh₁- (“to put, place, do, make”). Cognate with Scots dae (“to to”), West Frisian dwaan (“to do”), Dutch doen (“to do”), Low German doon (“to do”), German tun (“to do”), Latin facio (“I do, make”), Ancient Greek τίθημι (tithēmi), Lithuanian dėti (“to put”), Polish dziać (“to happen”), Albanian ndodh (“to happen, occur, to be located”), Russian делать (delatʹ, “to do”), Sanskrit दधाति (dádhāti), Russian деть (detʹ, “to put, to place”).
For the plural of the noun, the spelling dos would be correct; do's is often used for the sake of legibility, but is sometimes considered incorrect. For the party, the term is generally used only by older adults and usually implies a social function of modest size and formality.
From the above verb.
From Italian do.
- (rare) Abbreviation of ditto.
Short for ditto.
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