- Sentence is defined as a statement or question made with group of words including a subject, verb and object.
An example of sentence is a group of words in a book that begins with a capital letter and ends with a punctuation mark.
- Sentence means a ruling of punishment made by a judge in a court case.
An example of sentence is twenty years in prison after a murder conviction.
- To sentence is defined as to give someone a punishment.
An example of sentence is a judge ordering a criminal to serve two years in jail.
A judge pronounces a sentence for a crime.
- a decision or judgment, as of a court; esp., the determination by a court of the punishment of a convicted person
- the punishment itself
- Gram. a word or a group of syntactically related words that states, asks, commands, or exclaims something; conventional unit of connected speech or writing, usually containing a subject and a predicate: in writing, a sentence begins with a capital letter and concludes with an end mark (period, question mark, etc.), and in speech a sentence begins following a silence and concludes with any of various final pitches and a terminal juncture
- Archaic a short moral saying; maxim
- Music period
Origin of sentenceOld French ; from Classical Latin sententia, way of thinking, opinion, sentiment, probably for sentientia ; from sentiens, present participle of sentire, to feel, sense
- A grammatical unit that is syntactically independent and has a subject that is expressed or, as in imperative sentences, understood and a predicate that contains at least one finite verb.
- The penalty imposed by a law court or other authority upon someone found guilty of a crime or other offense.
- Archaic A maxim.
- Obsolete An opinion, especially one given formally after deliberation.
transitive verbsen·tenced, sen·tenc·ing, sen·tenc·es
Origin of sentenceMiddle English, opinion, from Old French, from Latin sententia (perhaps dissimilated from *sentientia), from sentiēns, sentient-, present participle of sentīre, to feel; see sent- in Indo-European roots.
- (now rare) A pronounced opinion or judgment on a given question. [from 14th c.]
- (dated) The decision or judgement of a jury or court; a verdict. [from 14th c.]
- The court returned a sentence of guilt in the first charge, but innocence in the second.
- The judicial order for a punishment to be imposed on a person convicted of a crime. [from 14th c.]
- The judge declared a sentence of death by hanging for the infamous cattle rustler.
- A punishment imposed on a person convicted of a crime.
- (grammar) A grammatically complete series of words consisting of a subject and predicate, even if one or the other is implied, and typically beginning with a capital letter and ending with a full stop. [from 15th c.]
- The children were made to construct sentences consisting of nouns and verbs from the list on the chalkboard.
- (logic) A formula with no free variables. [from 20th c.]
- (computing theory) Any of the set of strings that can be generated by a given formal grammar. [from 20th c.]
(third-person singular simple present sentences, present participle sentencing, simple past and past participle sentenced)
- To declare a sentence on a convicted person; to doom; to condemn to punishment.
- The judge sentenced the embezzler to ten years in prison, along with a hefty fine.
sentence - Legal Definition