Sentence definition

sĕntəns
The punishment itself.
noun
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(archaic) A maxim.
noun
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2
A decision or judgment, as of a court; esp., the determination by a court of the punishment of a convicted person.
noun
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2
The pronouncement of punishment by a court following a criminal defendant having been found guilty of a crime. The handing down of a term of punishment by a court.
verb
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See consecutive sentences.
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A sentence that will not be imposed unless the defendant fails to fulfill the conditions of probation.
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The person is given no confinement, as long as she performs or does not perform certain specified acts. Failure to follow sentencing provisions may result in confinement after a hearing. See also probation.
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Two or more periods of incarceration time that are to be served in succession. Consecutive sentences have the effect of being the sum of the periods of confinement named, so a person sentenced to serve consecutive sentences of ten and twelve years will serve a maximum of twenty-two years.
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A grammatical unit that is syntactically independent and has a subject that is expressed or, as in imperative sentences, understood and a predicate that contains at least one finite verb.
noun
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2
Sentence means a ruling of punishment made by a judge in a court case.

An example of sentence is twenty years in prison after a murder conviction.

noun
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The penalty imposed by a law court or other authority upon someone found guilty of a crime or other offense.
noun
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1
noun
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Sentence is defined as a statement or question made with group of words including a subject, verb and object.

An example of sentence is a group of words in a book that begins with a capital letter and ends with a punctuation mark.

noun
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A sentence of confinement for a specific length of time rather than for an unspecified period.
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An infliction of a more severe period of confinement than is normal for an offense because the perpetrator is a repeat or habitual offender, or where there is a perception that the offender represents a continuing danger to society.
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A sentence of an unspecified duration, such as from 10 to 25 years, or one that a parole board can reduce after the statutory minimum has been served.
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See conditional discharge sentence.
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(dated) The decision or judgement of a jury or court; a verdict. [from 14th c.]

The court returned a sentence of guilt in the first charge, but innocence in the second.

noun
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A sentence spelled out by law and over which the judge has no discretionary power to tailor to the person being sentenced.
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A sentence in which there is enough of a period of confinement to give the wrongdoer a taste of imprisonment, followed by a period of probation, with the second usually being the longer part of the term.
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(now rare) A pronounced opinion or judgment on a given question. [from 14th c.]
noun
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The judicial order for a punishment to be imposed on a person convicted of a crime. [from 14th c.]

The judge declared a sentence of death by hanging for the infamous cattle rustler.

noun
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A punishment imposed on a person convicted of a crime.
noun
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(grammar) A grammatically complete series of words consisting of a subject and predicate, even if one or the other is implied, and typically beginning with a capital letter and ending with a full stop. [from 15th c.]

The children were made to construct sentences consisting of nouns and verbs from the list on the chalkboard.

noun
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(logic) A formula with no free variables. [from 20th c.]
noun
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(computing theory) Any of the set of strings that can be generated by a given formal grammar. [from 20th c.]
noun
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To declare a sentence on a convicted person; to doom; to condemn to punishment.

The judge sentenced the embezzler to ten years in prison, along with a hefty fine.

verb
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(obsolete) An opinion, especially one given formally after deliberation.
noun
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To pronounce judgment or punishment upon (a convicted person); condemn (to a specified punishment)
verb
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To sentence is defined as to give someone a punishment.

An example of sentence is a judge ordering a criminal to serve two years in jail.

verb
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Two or more periods of incarceration time that are to be served simultaneously. Concurrent sentences have the effect of being a single period of confinement, with the longer one being the limit; for example, a person sentenced to serve concurrent sentences of ten and twelve years concurrently will serve a maximum of twelve years.
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(archaic) A short moral saying; maxim.
noun
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To impose a sentence on (a criminal defendant found guilty, for example).
verb
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4
(gram.) A word or a group of syntactically related words that states, asks, commands, or exclaims something; conventional unit of connected speech or writing, usually containing a subject and a predicate: in writing, a sentence begins with a capital letter and concludes with an end mark (period, question mark, etc.), and in speech a sentence begins following a silence and concludes with any of various final pitches and a terminal juncture.
noun
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Other Word Forms

Noun

Singular:
sentence
Plural:
sentences

Origin of sentence

  • Middle English opinion from Old French from Latin sententia (perhaps dissimilated from sentientia) from sentiēns sentient- present participle of sentīre to feel sent- in Indo-European roots

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From Middle French sentence, from Latin sententia (“way of thinking, opinion, sentiment"), from sentiens, present participle of sentÄ«re (“to feel, think"); see sentient, sense, scent.

    From Wiktionary