Two things that are equal to the same thing are also equal to each other is an example of an axiom.
Euclid's axiom that things equal to the same thing are equal to each other.
The axioms of political economy cannot be considered absolute truths.
Origin of axiom
- Middle English from Old French axiome from Latin axiōma axiōmat- from Greek from axios worthy ag- in Indo-European roots
From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition
- From Middle French axiome, from Ancient Greek ἀξίωμα (aksiōma, “that which is thought to fit, a requisite, that which a pupil is required to know beforehand, a self-evident principle”), from ἀξίοῦν (aksioun, “to think fit or worthy, require, demand”), from ἄξιος (aksios, “worthy, fit”, literally “weighing as much as, of like value”), from ἄγω (agō, “I drive”).