Penalty meaning

pĕn'əl-tē
The definition of a penalty is a punishment, fine or a negative result of an act.

An example of a penalty is having to attend traffic school for a getting a speeding ticket.

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A punishment imposed for a violation of law.
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A sum established by a contract to be forfeited in lieu of actual damages in the event of a breach of the contract.
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The disadvantage or painful consequences resulting from an action or condition.

Neglected his health and paid the penalty.

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Points scored in contract bridge by the opponents when the declarer fails to make a bid.
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A punishment, handicap, or loss of advantage imposed on a team or competitor for infraction of a rule.
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An infraction of a rule; a foul.
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A punishment fixed by law, as for a crime or breach of contract.
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The disadvantage, suffering, handicap, etc. imposed upon an offender or one who does not fulfill a contract or obligation, as a fine or forfeit; specif., a forfeit paid for withdrawal before maturity of invested funds.
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Any unfortunate consequence or result of an act or condition.
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Any disadvantage, as a loss of yardage or the removal of a player, imposed because of infraction of a rule.
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The penalty for his crime was to do hard labor.

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A punishment for violating rules of procedure.
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(finance) A payment forfeited for an early withdrawal from an account or an investment.
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(soccer) A direct free kick from the penalty spot, taken after a defensive foul in the penalty box; a penalty kick.
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(ice hockey) A punishment for an infraction of the rules, often in the form of being removed from play for a specified amount of time.

A penalty was called when he tripped up his opponent.

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Origin of penalty

Middle English penalte from Old French penalite from Medieval Latin poenālitās from Latin poenālis penal penal