- Temper is a state of mind, particularly one that is hostile or angry.
An example of temper is what someone loses when they gets excessively mad at even the simplest of problems.
- Temper is defined as to moderate or soften something or make it less intense.
An example of temper is to add white paint to a dark purple paint to make it a lighter color.
This little boy seems to have a temper.Licensed from iStockPhoto
- to make suitable, desirable, or free from excess by mingling with something else; reduce in intensity, esp. by the admixture of some other quality; moderate; assuage; mollify: to temper criticism with reason
- to bring to the proper texture, consistency, hardness, etc. by mixing with something or treating in some way: to temper paints with oil, to temper steel by heating and sudden cooling, to temper clay by moistening and kneading
- to toughen, as by rigors or trying experiences
- Rare to fit; adapt
- Archaic to mix in proper proportions
- Music to adjust the pitch of (a note) or tune (an instrument) according to some temperament
Origin: Middle English tempren from Old English temprian and amp; Old French temprer, both from Classical Latin temperare, to observe proper measure, mix, regulate, forbear from tempus (gen. temporis), time, period, origin, originally , a span from Indo-European an unverified form tempos, a span from an unverified form temp-, to pull from base an unverified form ten-, to stretch from source thin
- the state of being tempered; specif.,
- Archaic a properly proportioned mixture
- the state of a metal with regard to the degree of hardness and resilience
- frame of mind; disposition; mood: in a bad temper
- calmness of mind; composure: now only in the phrases and
- a tendency to become angry readily: to have a temper
- anger; rage: to go into a temper
- something used to temper a mixture, etc.
- the trend in thought and feeling (of an era, period, etc.); character: the temper of the times, the modern temper
- Archaic a middle course; mean
- Obsolete character; quality
Used by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
verb tem·pered, tem·per·ing, tem·pers verb, transitive
- To modify by the addition of a moderating element; moderate: “temper its doctrinaire logic with a little practical wisdom” (Robert H. Jackson). See Synonyms at moderate.
- To bring to a desired consistency, texture, hardness, or other physical condition by or as if by blending, admixing, or kneading: temper clay; paints that had been tempered with oil.
- To harden or strengthen (metal or glass) by application of heat or by heating and cooling.
- To strengthen through experience or hardship; toughen: soldiers who had been tempered by combat.
- To adjust finely; attune: a portfolio that is tempered to the investor's needs.
- Music To adjust (the pitch of an instrument) to a temperament.
- A state of mind or emotions; disposition: an even temper. See Synonyms at mood1.
- Calmness of mind or emotions; composure: lose one's temper.
- a. A tendency to become easily angry or irritable: a quick temper.b. An outburst of rage: a fit of temper.
- A characteristic general quality; tone: heroes who exemplified the medieval temper; the politicized temper of the 1930s.
- a. The condition of being tempered.b. The degree of hardness and elasticity of a metal, chiefly steel, achieved by tempering.
- A modifying substance or agent added to something else.
- Archaic A middle course between extremes; a mean.
Origin: Middle English temperen, from Old English temprian, from Latin temperāre, probably from variant of tempus, tempor-, time, season.
- temˌper·a·bilˈi·ty noun
- temˈper·a·ble adjective
- temˈper·er noun
temper - Medical Definition
- A state of mind or emotions; mood.
- A tendency to become easily angry or irritable.
- An outburst of rage.