Temper meaning

tĕmpər
To modify by the addition of a moderating element; moderate.
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To be or become tempered.
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To strengthen through experience or hardship; toughen.

Soldiers who had been tempered by combat.

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To be or become tempered.
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A state of mind or emotion; disposition.

An even temper.

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Calmness of mind or emotions; composure.

Lose one's temper.

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A characteristic general quality; tone.

Heroes who exemplified the medieval temper; the politicized temper of the 1930s.

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A modifying substance or agent added to something else.
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(archaic) A middle course between extremes; a mean.
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To make suitable, desirable, or free from excess by mingling with something else; reduce in intensity, esp. by the admixture of some other quality; moderate; assuage; mollify.

To temper criticism with reason.

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(rare) To fit; adapt.
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(archaic) To mix in proper proportions.
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(music) To adjust the pitch of (a note) or tune (an instrument) according to some temperament.
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The state of being tempered.
  • (archaic) A properly proportioned mixture.
  • The state of a metal with regard to the degree of hardness and resilience.
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Frame of mind; disposition; mood.

In a bad temper.

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Calmness of mind; composure.
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A tendency to become angry readily.

To have a temper.

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Anger; rage.

To go into a temper.

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Something used to temper a mixture, etc.
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The trend in thought and feeling (of an era, period, etc.); character.

The temper of the times, the modern temper.

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(archaic) A middle course; mean.
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(obs.) Character; quality.
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A tendency to be of a certain type of mood.

To have a good, bad, calm, or hasty temper.

He has quite a (bad) temper when dealing with salespeople.

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State of mind.
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The state of any compound substance which results from the mixture of various ingredients; due mixture of different qualities.

The temper of mortar.

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The heat treatment to which a metal or other material has been subjected; a material that has undergone a particular heat treatment.
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Calmness of mind; moderation; equanimity; composure.

To keep one's temper.

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The state of a metal or other substance, especially as to its hardness, produced by some process of heating or cooling.

The temper of iron or steel.

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Middle state or course; mean; medium.
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(sugar manufacture, historical) Milk of lime, or other substance, employed in the process formerly used to clarify sugar.
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Temper your language around children.

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To strengthen or toughen a material, especially metal, by heat treatment.

Tempering is a heat treatment technique applied to metals, alloys, and glass to achieve greater toughness by increasing the strength of materials and/or ductility. Tempering is performed by a controlled reheating of the work piece to a temperature below its lower eutectic critical temperature.

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To sauté spices in ghee or oil to release essential oils for flavouring a dish in South Asian cuisine.
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To mix clay, plaster or mortar with water to obtain the proper consistency.
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(music) To adjust, as the mathematical scale to the actual scale, or to that in actual use.
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(archaic) To combine in due proportions; to constitute; to compose.
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(archaic) To mingle in due proportion; to prepare by combining; to modify, as by adding some new element; to qualify, as by an ingredient; hence, to soften; to mollify; to assuage.
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Temper is defined as to moderate or soften something or make it less intense.

An example of temper is to add white paint to a dark purple paint to make it a lighter color.

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Temper is a state of mind, particularly one that is hostile or angry.

An example of temper is what someone loses when they gets excessively mad at even the simplest of problems.

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To bring to a desired consistency, texture, hardness, or other physical condition by blending, admixing, or kneading.

Temper clay; paints that had been tempered with oil.

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To harden or strengthen (metal or glass) by application of heat or by heating and cooling.
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(music) To adjust (the pitch of an instrument) to a temperament.
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Origin of temper

  • Middle English temperen from Old English temprian from Latin temperāre probably from variant of tempus tempor- time, season

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From Middle English temperen, from Old English *temprian, from Latin temperare (“to divide or proportion duly, mingle in due proportion, qualify, temper, regulate, rule, intransitive observe measure, be moderate or temperate"), from tempus (“time, fit season"); see temporal.

    From Wiktionary