- Over is defined as above, on top of or higher in rank or authority.
- An example of over is the location of a roof to a house.
- An example of over is a leader of a pack of animals compared to the others.
A roof is over a house.
- in, at, or to a position up from; higher than; above: a canopy over the bed, in water over his knees
- on top of: a blanket over the bed
- above, in various figurative uses: gloom hung over the town; the lecture went over our heads
- across and down from or down upon: to fall over a cliff, to trip over a chair
- while engaged in; during: we discussed it over dinner
- upon the surface of: spread the icing over the cake
- so as to cover or close: shutters over the windows
- upon: said as of an effect or influence: he cast a spell over them
- so as to show care, concern, etc. for: watching over a flock, hovering over the baby
- above in authority, position, power, etc.: to rule over a nation
- authorized or attested by: over his signature
- in a course leading along or across, or above and to the other side of: fly over the lake
- on the other side of: a city over the border
- here and there in: the tourists dashed over the city
- through all parts of: carefully going over my notes
- during; through: over the past ten years
- more than, or above, in degree, amount, number, etc.: a moderate increase over his current salary, a gift costing over five dollars
- up to and including; until after: stay over Easter
- in preference to: chose the red hat over the blue one
- in spite of; in successful opposition to: we did it over his objections
- about; concerning: a quarrel over politics
- through the medium of; on: over the telephone or radio
- Arith. divided by: 6 over 3 is 2
Origin of overMiddle English ouer ; from Old English ofer, akin to German über, ober ; from Indo-European an unverified form uper (orig. a comparative of an unverified form upo, up) from source Classical Latin super, Classical Greek hyper
- above, across, or to the other side
- across the brim or edge
- more; in excess; beyond: three hours or over
- longer or till a time later: please stay over
- throughout or covering the entire area: the wound healed over
- from start to finish; through: go over it again
- from an upright position: to fall over
- upside down; into an inverted position: turn the cup over
- again; another time: do it over
- at or on the other side, as of an intervening space, or at or to a specified place: over in England, come over here
- from one side, belief, viewpoint, etc. to another: they won him over
- from one person, etc. to another: hand over the money
- upper, outer, superior, excessive, or extra: often in combination [overcoat, overseer, oversupply]
- done with; finished; past: his life is over
- having reached the other side; having got across
- Informal as a surplus; in excess; extra: to be three hours over for the week
- something in addition; excess; surplus
- the set number of balls bowled during a single turn at one end of the wicket
- the period of time during which this takes place
- Mil. a shot that hits or explodes beyond the target
- turn the page, sheet, etc. over
- I have finished speaking for the moment — please respond: used in radio communication
over and above
over and over (again)
- above in position, over, outer, upper: overhead
- superior, eminent: overlord
- passing across or beyond: overshoot, overpass, overrun
- passing over the top or the brim of: overflow
- denoting movement downward from above: overwhelm
- across the surface of: overgrowth, overprint
- more (than), excessive, too much, beyond the normal, extra: overrate, oversell, oversleep
- overly; excessively: overeager, overlong
- In or at a position above or higher than: a sign over the door; a hawk gliding over the hills.
- a. Above and across from one end or side to the other: a jump over the fence.b. To the other side of; across: strolled over the bridge.c. Across the edge of and down: fell over the cliff.
- On the other side of: a village over the border.
- a. Upon the surface of: put a coat of varnish over the woodwork.b. On top of or down upon: clubbed him over the head; tripped over the toys.
- a. Through the extent of; all through: walked over the grounds; looked over the report.b. Through the medium of; via: addressed us over the loudspeaker; can't tell you over the phone.
- So as to cover: put rocks over a cave entrance; threw a shawl over her shoulders.
- Up to or higher than the level or height of: The water was over my shoulders.
- a. Through the period or duration of: records maintained over two years.b. Until or beyond the end of: stayed over the holidays.
- More than in degree, quantity, or extent: over ten miles; over a thousand dollars.
- a. In superiority to: won a narrow victory over her rival; a distinct advantage over our competitors.b. In preference to: selected him over all the others.
- In a position to rule or control: The director presides over the meeting. There is no one over him in the department.
- So as to have an effect or influence on: the change that came over you.
- While occupied with or engaged in: a chat over coffee.
- With reference to; concerning: an argument over methods.
- Above the top or surface: climbed the ladder and peered over.
- a. Across to another or opposite side: stopped at the curb, then crossed over.b. Across the edge, brink, or brim: The coffee spilled over.c. Across an intervening space: Throw the ball over.
- a. Across a distance in a particular direction or at a location: lives over in England.b. To another often specified place or position: Move your chair over toward the fire.c. To one's place of residence or business: invited us over for cocktails.
- Throughout an entire area or region: wandered all over.
- a. To a different opinion or allegiance: win someone over.b. So as to be comprehensible, acceptable, or effective; across: eventually got my point over.
- To a different person, condition, or title: sign the property over.
- So as to be completely enclosed or covered: The river froze over. Engineers sealed the tunnel entrance over.
- Completely through; from beginning to end: Think the problem over. Let's read the memo over.
- a. From an upright position: kicked the bookstand over.b. From an upward position to an inverted or reversed position: turn the paper over.
- Another time; again: counted his cards over; had to do it over.
- In repetition: made me write it ten times over.
- In addition or excess; in surplus: lots of food left over.
- Beyond or until a specified time: stay a day over.
- At an end: Summer is over.
transitive verbo·vered, o·ver·ing, o·vers
Origin of overMiddle English, from Old English ofer; see uper in Indo-European roots. Usage Note: While working as a newspaper editor in the late 1800s, William Cullen Bryant forbade the use of over in the sense of “more than,” as in These rocks are over 5 million years old. Bryant provided no rationale for this injunction, but such was his stature that the stipulation was championed by other American editors, who also felt no reason to offer an explanation. Critics later allowed the usage in some contexts, but their reasons are dubious at best. In point of fact, over has been used as a synonym of more than since the 1300s. In our 2009 survey, 86 percent of the Usage Panel accepted over with the meaning “more than.” This usage is fully standard.
- Above or upon in position: overpass; overcoat.
- Superior in rank or importance: overlord.
- To an inverted or reverse position: overturn.
- Excessively: overcharge.
Origin of over-Middle English, from Old English ofer-; see uper in Indo-European roots.
(comparative more over, superlative most over)
- Finished; ended or concluded.
- The show is over.
- (US) Again; another time; once more; over again.
- I lost my paper and I had to do the entire assignment over.
- Thoroughly; completely; from beginning to end.
- Let's talk over the project at tomorrow's meeting.
- Let me think that over.
- I'm going to look over our department's expenses.
- Let's go over scene 3 from the top.
- From an upright position to being horizontal.
- He tipped the bottle over, and the water came gushing out.
- That building just fell over!
- He bent over to touch his toes.
- Horizontally; left to right or right to left.
- Slide the toilet-paper dispenser's door over when one roll is empty in order to reveal the other.
- I moved over to make room for him to sit down.
- From one position or state to another.
- Please pass that over to me.
- He came over to our way of thinking on the new project.
- Come over and play!
- I'll bring over a pizza.
- Overnight (throughout the night).
- We stayed over at Grandma's.
- Can I sleep over?
- (cricket) A set of six legal balls bowled.
- Any surplus amount of money, goods delivered, etc.
- Physical positioning.
- On top of; above; higher than; further up.
- Hold the sign up over your head. climb up the ladder and look over [the roof]
- Across or spanning.
- There is a bridge over the river.
- In such a way as to cover.
- drape the fabric over the table; there is a roof over the house
- From one physical position to another via an obstacle that must be traversed vertically, first upwards and then downwards.
- The dog jumped over the fence.
- I'll go over [the fence] first and then help you.
- Let's walk over the hill to get there.
- On top of; above; higher than; further up.
- By comparison.
- (mathematics) Divided by.
- four over two equals two over one
- Finished with; done with; from one state to another via a hindrance that must be solved or defeated; or via a third state that represents a significant difference from the first two.
- We got over the engineering problems and the prototype works great.
- I am over my cold and feel great again.
- I know the referee made a bad call, but you have to get over it [your annoyance with the referee's decision].
- She is finally over [the distress of] losing her job.
- He is finally over his [distress over the loss of the relationship with his] ex-girlfriend.
- While using, especially while consuming.
- Concerning or regarding.
- The two boys had a fight over whose girlfriend was the best.
- Above, implying superiority after a contest; in spite of; notwithstanding.
- We triumphed over difficulties.
- The bill was passed over the veto.
- It was a fine victory over their opponents.
When used in the context of "from one location to another", over implies that the two places are at approximately the same height or the height difference is not relevant. For example, if two offices are on the same floor of a building, an office worker might say I'll bring that over for you, while if the offices were on different floors, the sentence would likely be I'll bring that up [down] for you. However, distances are not constrained, e.g. He came over from England last year and now lives in Los Angeles or I moved the stapler over to the other side of my desk.
- In radio communications: end of sentence, ready to receive reply.
- How do you receive? Over!
- all over but the shouting
- arse over tits
- ass over elbows
- ass over teacups
- ass over teakettle
- base over apex
- bend over
- come over
- crying over spilt milk
- hand over fist
- haze over
- hold over one's head
- keel over
- over easy
- over my dead body
- over one's head
- over the line
- over the top
- over to
- pull the wool over somebody's eyes
- step over
- turn over a new leaf
- when hell freezes over
- rove, vore
From Old English ofer, from Proto-Germanic *uber, from Proto-Indo-European *upér-, a comparative form of *upo; akin to Dutch over, German ober, über, Old High German ubir, ubar, Danish over, Swedish över, Icelandic yfir, Gothic (ufar), Latin super, Ancient Greek ὑπέρ (hupér), Albanian epër (“superior”), Sanskrit उपरि (upari).
Comparison of relative combinations (two separate words, hyphenated or a single compound word) does not easily fit a pattern; terms become compound words as they are broadly accepted.