- Over is defined as above, on top of or higher in rank or authority.
- An example of over is the location of a roof to a house.
- An example of over is a leader of a pack of animals compared to the others.
A roof is over a house.Licensed from iStockPhoto
- in, at, or to a position up from; higher than; above: a canopy over the bed, in water over his knees
- on top of: a blanket over the bed
- above, in various figurative uses: gloom hung over the town; the lecture went over our heads
- across and down from or down upon: to fall over a cliff, to trip over a chair
- while engaged in; during: we discussed it over dinner
- upon the surface of: spread the icing over the cake
- so as to cover or close: shutters over the windows
- upon: said as of an effect or influence: he cast a spell over them
- so as to show care, concern, etc. for: watching over a flock, hovering over the baby
- above in authority, position, power, etc.: to rule over a nation
- authorized or attested by: over his signature
- in a course leading along or across, or above and to the other side of: fly over the lake
- on the other side of: a city over the border
- here and there in: the tourists dashed over the city
- through all parts of: carefully going over my notes
- during; through: over the past ten years
- more than, or above, in degree, amount, number, etc.: a moderate increase over his current salary, a gift costing over five dollars
- up to and including; until after: stay over Easter
- in preference to: chose the red hat over the blue one
- in spite of; in successful opposition to: we did it over his objections
- about; concerning: a quarrel over politics
- through the medium of; on: over the telephone or radio
- Arith. divided by: 6 over 3 is 2
Origin: Middle English ouer from Old English ofer, akin to German über, ober from Indo-European an unverified form uper (orig. a comparative of an unverified form upo, up) from source Classical Latin super, Glassical Greek hyper
- above, across, or to the other side
- across the brim or edge
- more; in excess; beyond: three hours or over
- longer or till a time later: please stay over
- throughout or covering the entire area: the wound healed over
- from start to finish; through: go over it again
- from an upright position: to fall over
- upside down; into an inverted position: turn the cup over
- again; another time: do it over
- at or on the other side, as of an intervening space, or at or to a specified place: over in England, come over here
- from one side, belief, viewpoint, etc. to another: they won him over
- from one person, etc. to another: hand over the money
- upper, outer, superior, excessive, or extra: often in combination [overcoat, overseer, oversupply]
- done with; finished; past: his life is over
- having reached the other side; having got across
- Informal as a surplus; in excess; extra: to be three hours over for the week
- something in addition; excess; surplus
- the set number of balls bowled during a single turn at one end of the wicket
- the period of time during which this takes place
- Mil. a shot that hits or explodes beyond the target
- turn the page, sheet, etc. over
- I have finished speaking for the moment — please respond: used in radio communication
- above in position, over, outer, upper: overhead
- superior, eminent: overlord
- passing across or beyond: overshoot, overpass, overrun
- passing over the top or the brim of: overflow
- denoting movement downward from above: overwhelm
- across the surface of: overgrowth, overprint
- more (than), excessive, too much, beyond the normal, extra: overrate, oversell, oversleep
- overly; excessively: overeager, overlong
Used by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
- In or at a position above or higher than: a sign over the door; a hawk gliding over the hills.
- a. Above and across from one end or side to the other: a jump over the fence.b. To the other side of; across: strolled over the bridge.c. Across the edge of and down: fell over the cliff.
- On the other side of: a village over the border.
- a. Upon the surface of: put a coat of varnish over the woodwork.b. On top of or down upon: clubbed him over the head; tripped over the toys.
- a. Through the extent of; all through: walked over the grounds; looked over the report.b. Through the medium of; via: addressed us over the loudspeaker; can't tell you over the phone.
- So as to cover: put rocks over a cave entrance; threw a shawl over her shoulders.
- Up to or higher than the level or height of: The water was over my shoulders.
- a. Through the period or duration of: records maintained over two years.b. Until or beyond the end of: stayed over the holidays.
- More than in degree, quantity, or extent: over ten miles; over a thousand dollars.
- a. In superiority to: won a narrow victory over her rival; a distinct advantage over our competitors.b. In preference to: selected him over all the others.
- In a position to rule or control: The director presides over the meeting. There is no one over him in the department.
- So as to have an effect or influence on: the change that came over you.
- While occupied with or engaged in: a chat over coffee.
- With reference to; concerning: an argument over methods.
- Above the top or surface: climbed the ladder and peered over.
- a. Across to another or opposite side: stopped at the curb, then crossed over.b. Across the edge, brink, or brim: The coffee spilled over.c. Across an intervening space: Throw the ball over.
- a. Across a distance in a particular direction or at a location: lives over in England.b. To another often specified place or position: Move your chair over toward the fire.c. To one's place of residence or business: invited us over for cocktails.
- Throughout an entire area or region: wandered all over.
- a. To a different opinion or allegiance: win someone over.b. So as to be comprehensible, acceptable, or effective; across: eventually got my point over.
- To a different person, condition, or title: sign the property over.
- So as to be completely enclosed or covered: The river froze over. Engineers sealed the tunnel entrance over.
- Completely through; from beginning to end: Think the problem over. Let's read the memo over.
- a. From an upright position: kicked the bookstand over.b. From an upward position to an inverted or reversed position: turn the paper over.
- Another time; again: counted his cards over; had to do it over.
- In repetition: made me write it ten times over.
- In addition or excess; in surplus: lots of food left over.
- Beyond or until a specified time: stay a day over.
- At an end: Summer is over.
- External; outer.
- Excessive; extreme.
- a. Not yet used up; remaining.b. Extra; surplus.
Origin: Middle English, from Old English ofer; see uper in Indo-European roots.
- Above or upon in position: overpass; overcoat.
- Superior in rank or importance: overlord.
- To an inverted or reverse position: overturn.
- Excessively: overcharge.
Origin: Middle English, from Old English ofer-; see uper in Indo-European roots.Usage Note: Many compounds other than those entered here may be formed with over-. In forming compounds, over- is joined with the following element without space or a hyphen: overachieve, overrepresented. Note, however, that over may combine with other words as a unit modifier. In such cases the words are joined by hyphens: over-the-counter medication.
over - Phrases/Idioms
over and above
over and over (again)
Used by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
over and above
over and over