excess[ek ses′, ik-; also, esp.for adj., ek′ses′]
- The definition of excess is something that is extra.
An example of excess is the phrase “excess baggage.”
- Excess is defined as more of something than is needed.
- An example of excess is leftover food at a dinner party.
- An example of excess is police force that is too strong for the situation.
- action or conduct that goes beyond the usual, reasonable, or lawful limit
- lack of moderation; intemperance; overindulgence
- an amount or quantity greater than is necessary, desirable, usable, etc.; too much; superfluity
- the amount or degree by which one thing exceeds another; remainder; surplus
Origin of excessMiddle English and amp; Old French exces ; from Classical Latin excessus ; from past participle of excedere: see exceed
more than usual; extra; surplus: excess profits
to do away with the position or job of: the science center excessed many researchers
in excess of
to too great an extent or degree; too much
- The state of exceeding what is normal or sufficient: rains that filled the reservoirs to excess.
- An amount or quantity beyond what is normal or sufficient; a surplus: sold most of the stoves and put the excess in the warehouse.
- The amount or degree by which one quantity exceeds another: Profit is the excess of sales over costs.
- a. Intemperance; overindulgence: drank to excess.b. A behavior or action that exceeds proper or lawful bounds: tried to avoid financial excesses such as buying expensive clothes.
Being more than is usual, required, or permitted: skimming off the excess fat. See Synonyms at superfluous.
transitive verbex·cessed, ex·cess·ing, ex·cess·es
To eliminate the job or position of: teachers who were excessed during the downturn.
Origin of excessMiddle English, from Old French, from Latin excessus, past participle of excēdere, to exceed; see exceed.
- The state of surpassing or going beyond limits; the being of a measure beyond sufficiency, necessity, or duty; that which exceeds what is usual or proper; immoderateness; superfluity; superabundance; extravagance; as, an excess of provisions or of light.
- The degree or amount by which one thing or number exceeds another; remainder; as, the difference between two numbers is the excess of one over the other.
- An undue indulgence of the appetite; transgression of proper moderation in natural gratifications; intemperance; dissipation.
- (geometry) Spherical excess, the amount by which the sum of the three angles of a spherical triangle exceeds two right angles. The spherical excess is proportional to the area of the triangle.
- (UK, insurance) A condition on an insurance policy by which the insured pays for a part of the claim.