supernumerary[-no̵̅o̅′mə rer′ē, -nyo̵̅o̅′-]
- that exceeds or is beyond the regular or prescribed number; extra
- that is beyond the number or quantity needed or desired; superfluous
Origin of supernumeraryLate Latin supernumerarius ; from Classical Latin super, above (see super-) + numerus, number
- a supernumerary person or thing
- Theater a person with a small, nonspeaking part, as in a mob scene
- Exceeding a fixed, prescribed, or standard number; extra: a supernumerary rib.
- Exceeding the required or desired number or amount; superfluous: an employee who became supernumerary after the merger. See Synonyms at superfluous.
- One that is in excess of the regular, necessary, or usual number.
- An actor without a speaking part, as one who appears in a crowd scene.
Origin of supernumeraryLatin supernumerārius : super, above; see super– + numerum, accusative of numerus, number; see nem- in Indo-European roots.
- A civil designation for somebody who works in a group, association or public office, without forming part of the regular staff; those distinguished from numerary. (For example, supernumerary judges are those who help the regular judges when there is a surplus amount of work.)
- An extra or walk-on in a film or play; spear-carrier.
- 1992, Sarah Anne Sloane, Supernumeraries at bushtit (Psaltriparus minimus) nests (page 50)
From the Late Latin supernumerarius (“excessively high in number”), from super (“above; beyond”) + numerum, accusative of numerus (“number”).