- An example of civil is a war between citizens of a country.
- An example of civil is when you are polite and say hello to someone, even if you don't like him very much.
- of a citizen or citizens: civil rights
- of a community of citizens, their government, or their interrelations: civil service, civil war
- polite or courteous, esp. in a merely formal way
- of citizens in procedures or matters that are not military or religious: civil marriage
- designating legally recognized divisions of time: a civil year
- of or according to Roman civil law or modern civil law
- relating to the private rights of individuals and to legal actions involving these
Origin of civilOld French ; from Classical Latin civilis ; from civis: see home
- Of, relating to, or befitting a citizen or citizens: civil duties.
- Of or relating to citizens and their interrelations with one another or with the state: government agencies concerned with civil affairs.
- Of ordinary citizens or ordinary community life as distinguished from the military or the ecclesiastical: married in a civil ceremony at city hall.
- Sufficiently observing or befitting accepted social usages; polite: a civil reply. See Synonyms at polite.
- Being in accordance with or denoting legally recognized divisions of time: a civil year.
- Law Relating to the rights of private individuals and legal proceedings concerning these rights as distinguished from criminal, military, or international regulations or proceedings.
Origin of civilMiddle English, from Latin c&imacron;v&imacron;lis, from c&imacron;vis, citizen; see civic.
(comparative more civil, superlative most civil)
From Old French civil, from Latin cīvīlis (“relating to a citizen”), from cīvis (“citizen”).