A man works on the plumbing under a sink.
- An example of under is a trash can located below a kitchen sink.
- An example of under is someone's blood alcohol level being below the illegal level.
- An example of under is laying beneath a blanket.
- in, at, or to a position down from; lower than; below: shoes under the bed, under a blazing sun
- beneath the surface of: under water
- below and to the other side of: we drove under a bridge
- covered, surmounted, enveloped, or concealed by: to wear a vest under a coat
- lower in authority, position, power, etc. than
- lower in value, amount, etc. than; less than
- lower than the required or standard degree of: under the age specified for the job
- in a position or condition regarded as lower than or inferior to, or implying subordination to; specif.,
- subject to the control, limitations, government, direction, instruction, or influence of: under orders from the President, under oath, born under Aries
- burdened, oppressed, or distressed by: under a strain
- subjected to; undergoing: under an anesthetic, under repair
- with the character, pretext, disguise, or cover of: under an alias
- in or included in (the designated category, division, class, etc.): spiders are classified under arachnids
- during the rule of: literature flourished under Elizabeth I
- being the subject of: the question under discussion
- having regard for; because of: under the circumstances
- authorized or attested by: under her signature
- planted with; sown with: an acre under corn
Origin of underMiddle English from OE, akin to German unter from Indo-European an unverified form ?dhos, an unverified form ?dheri, under from source Classical Latin infra, below
- in or to a position below something; beneath
- beneath the surface, as of water
- in or to a condition that is subordinate
- so as to be covered or concealed
- less in amount, value, etc.; not so much: costing two dollars or under
- in, on, to, or from a lower place or side; beneath or below: undertow
- in an inferior or subordinate position or rank: undersecretary
- too little, not enough, below normal or standard: underdeveloped
Origin of under-Middle English from OE: see under
- a. In a lower position or place than: a rug under a chair.b. To or into a lower position or place than: rolled the ball under the couch.
- Beneath the surface of: under the ground; swam under water.
- Beneath the assumed surface or guise of: traveled under a false name.
- Less than; smaller than: The jar's capacity is under three quarts.
- Less than the required amount or degree of: under voting age.
- Inferior to in status or rank: nine officers under me at headquarters.
- Subject to the authority, rule, or control of: under a dictatorship.
- Subject to the supervision, instruction, or influence of: under parental guidance.
- Undergoing or receiving the effects of: under constant care.
- Subject to the restraint or obligation of: under contract.
- Within the group or classification of: listed under biology.
- In the process of: under discussion.
- In view of; because of: under these conditions.
- With the authorization of: under the monarch's seal.
- Sowed or planted with: an acre under oats.
- Nautical Powered or propelled by: under sail; under steam.
- During the time conventionally assigned to (a sign of the zodiac): born under Aries.
- In or into a place below or beneath: struggled in the water but then slipped under.
- So as to be covered or enveloped: arranged the blankets so the kids were completely under.
- So as to be less than the required amount or degree: 10 degrees or under.
- So as to be rendered unconscious, as by an anesthetic: Doctors put the patient under.
- In or into a condition of ruin or death: businesses that have gone under.
- Located or situated on a lower level or beneath something else: the under parts of a machine.
- Lower in rank, power, or authority; subordinate.
- Less than is required or customary: an under dose of medication.
Origin of underMiddle English from Old English; see &nlowring;dher- in Indo-European roots.
- Beneath or below in position: underground.
- Inferior or subordinate in rank or importance: undersecretary.
- Less in degree, rate, or quantity than normal or proper: undersized.
Origin of under-Middle English from Old English; see &nlowring;dher- in Indo-European roots.
- In a way lower or less than
- In a way inferior to
(comparative more under, superlative most under)
- Being lower; being beneath something.
From Old English under, from Proto-Germanic *under (whence also German unter, Dutch onder, Danish under), from a merger of Proto-Indo-European *nÌ¥dÊ°Ã©r (“under") and *nÌ¥tÃ©r (“inside"). Akin to Old High German untar (“under"), Latin infra (“below, beneath"). More at infra-
- In many common cases, this prefix is attached directly to a word. When forming new words, however, it is typically hyphenated until the word becomes common.