(third-person singular simple present swamps, present participle swamping, simple past and past participle swamped)
- To drench or fill with water.
- The boat was swamped in the storm.
- To overwhelm; to make too busy, or overrun the capacity of.
- I have been swamped with paperwork ever since they started using the new system.
- (figuratively) To plunge into difficulties and perils; to overwhelm; to ruin; to wreck.
From a fusion of Middle English swam (“swamp, muddy pool, bog, marsh", also "fungus, mushroom"), from Old English swamm (“mushroom, fungus, sponge") and Middle English sompe (“marsh, morass"), from Middle Dutch somp, sump (“marsh, swamp") or Middle Low German sump (“marsh, swamp"), from Old Saxon *sump (“swamp, marsh"); all from Proto-Germanic *sumpaz. Cognate with Dutch zwamp (“swamp, marsh, fen"), Middle Low German swamp (“sponge, mushroom"), Dutch zomp (“swamp, lake, marshy place"), German Sumpf (“swamp"), Swedish sump (“swamp"). Related also to Dutch zwam (“fungus, punk, tinder"), German Schwamm (“mushroom, fungus, sponge"), Swedish svamp (“mushroom, fungus, sponge"), Icelandic svampur, svepper (“fungus"), Gothic [script?] (swumsl, “a ditch"). Related to sump, swim.