- An example of to split is separating the white part of an egg from the yolk.
- An example of to split is splitting a log into many parts with an axe.
transitive verb, split′ting
- to separate, cut, or divide into two or more parts; cause to separate along the grain or length; break into layers
- to break or tear apart by force; burst; rend
- to divide into parts or shares; portion out: to split the cost
- to cast (one's vote) or mark (one's ballot) for candidates of more than one party
- to cause (a group, political party, etc.) to separate into divisions or factions; disunite
- to break (a molecule) into atoms or into smaller molecules
- to produce nuclear fission in (an atom)
- Finance to divide (stock) by substituting some multiple of the original shares that will usually have the same aggregate par value as the old, but a proportionately lower value per share
Origin of splitMiddle Dutch splitten, akin to Middle High German spl?zen from Indo-European base an unverified form (s)plei-, to split, crack from source flint
- to separate lengthwise into two or more parts; separate along the grain or length
- to break or tear apart; burst; rend
- to separate or break up through failure to agree, etc.: often with up
- Informal to divide something with another or others, each taking a share: winners split
- Slang to leave a place; depart
- to inform (on an accomplice)
- the act or process of splitting
- the result of splitting; specif.,
- a break; fissure; crack; tear
- a breach or division in a group, between persons, etc.
- a splinter; sliver
- a single thickness of hide split horizontally
- a flexible strip of wood, as osier, used in basket making
- a confection made of a split banana or other fruit with ice cream, nuts, sauces, whipped cream, etc.
- [often pl.] the feat, esp. in gymnastics, of spreading the legs apart until they lie flat on the floor, etc. in a straight line, the body remaining upright
- a small bottle of carbonated water, wine, etc., usually about six ounces
- a drink or portion half the usual size
- Informal a share, as of loot or booty
- Bowling an arrangement of pins, after the first bowl of a frame, in which the pins are so widely separated as to make a spare extremely difficult
- divided or separated along the length or grain
- divided, separated, or disunited
verbsplit, split·ting, splits
- a. To divide (something) from end to end, into layers, or along the grain: split the log down the middle. See Synonyms at tear1.b. To cause to be split unintentionally: split my pants laughing.c. To cause to undergo nuclear fission or division into elements: splitting atomic nuclei with neutrons; splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen.d. To affect with force in a way that suggests tearing apart: A lightning bolt split the night sky.
- a. To separate (people or groups, for example); disunite.b. Sports To advance between (a pair of defenders) when trying to score.
- To divide and share: split a dessert.
- To divide, as for convenience or proper ordering: split the project up into stages.
- To separate (leather, for example) into layers.
- To mark (a vote or ballot) in favor of candidates from different parties.
- To divide (a company's stock) by issuing multiples of the existing shares with a corresponding reduction in the price of each share, so that the total value of the stock is unchanged.
- Sports To win half the games of (a series or double-header).
- Slang To depart from; leave: a mobster who suddenly split town.
- a. To become separated into parts, especially to undergo lengthwise division: The pants split along the seam.b. To undergo nuclear fission or break into atomic components: A neutron is given off when the nucleus splits.
- To be or admit of being divided: Let's split up into teams. This poem doesn't split up into stanzas very well.
- Informal To become divided or part company as a result of discord or disagreement: She split with the regular party organization. They split up after a year of marriage.
- Slang To depart; leave: All the older kids have split to go dancing.
- The act of splitting or the result of it.
- A breach or rupture in a group: a split that threatened the unity of the political party.
- The division of a company's stock by issuing multiples of the existing shares with a corresponding reduction in the price of each share.
- A thing that is formed by splitting, such as a strip of flexible wood used for making baskets.
- A dessert of sliced fruit, ice cream, and toppings.
- Sports a. The recorded time for an interval or segment of a race.b. An arrangement of bowling pins left standing after a bowl, in which two or more pins remain standing with one or more pins between them knocked down.c. often splits An acrobatic feat in which the legs are stretched out straight in opposite directions at right angles to the trunk.
- A wine bottle that is typically one quarter the standard size.
- A single thickness of a split hide.
- Having been divided or separated.
- Fissured longitudinally; cleft.
Origin of splitDutch splitten from Middle Dutch
- See split (verb).
- Republicans appear split on the centerpiece of Mr. Obama's economic recovery plan.
- (algebra, of a short exact sequence) Having the middle group equal to the direct product of the others.
- Comprising half decaffeinated and half caffeinated espresso.
- A crack or longitudinal fissure.
- A breach or separation, as in a political party; a division.
- A piece that is split off, or made thin, by splitting; a splinter; a fragment.
- (leather manufacture) One of the sections of a skin made by dividing it into two or more thicknesses.
- (gymnastics, usually in the phrase “to do the splits") The acrobatic feat of spreading the legs flat on the floor 180 degrees apart, either sideways to the body or with one leg in front and one behind.
- (baseball, slang) A split-finger fastball.
- He's got a nasty split.
- (bowling) A result of a first throw that leaves two or more pins standing with one or more pins between them knocked down.
- A dessert or confection resembling a banana split.
- A unit of measure used for champagne or other spirits: 18.75 centiliter or 1/4 quarter of a standard .75 liter bottle. Commercially comparable to 1/20th (US) gallon, which is 1/2 of a fifth.
- A bottle of wine containing 0.375 liters, 1/2 the volume of a standard .75 liter bottle; a demi.
- (athletics) The elapsed time at specific intermediate point(s) in a race.
- In the 3000m race, his 800m split was 1:45.32
- (construction) A tear resulting from tensile stresses.
- (gambling) A division of a stake happening when two cards of the kind on which the stake is laid are dealt in the same turn.
- (music) A recording containing songs by multiple artists.
(third-person singular simple present splits, present participle splitting, simple past and past participle split)
- (ergative) Of something solid, to divide fully or partly along a more or less straight line.
- He has split his lip.
- To share; to divide.
- We split the money among three people.
- (slang) To leave.
- Let's split this scene and see if we can find a real party.
- to separate or break up.
- Did you hear Dick and Jane split? They'll probably get a divorce.
- To be broken; to be dashed to pieces.
- To burst out laughing.
- (slang, dated) To divulge a secret; to betray confidence; to peach.
- Simple past tense and past participle of split.
c. 1567, from Middle Dutch splitten, from Proto-Germanic *splÄ«tanÄ… (compare Frisian/Danish splitte, German spleiÃŸen), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)plei- 'to split, splice' (compare Old English speld 'splinter', Old High German spaltan 'to split', Old Irish sliss 'splinter', Latin spolium 'stripped hide', Lithuanian spaliai 'flax shives', Old Church Slavonic rasplatiti 'to cleave, split', Ancient Greek aspalon 'skin, hide', spÃ³las 'flayed skin', Albanian flugÃ« (“shingle"), Sanskrit sphaá¹ati 'it bursts').
- A port city in Croatia.
Ultimately from Ancient Greek Î£Ï€Î¬Î»Î±Î¸Î¿Ï‚ (Spalathos), á¼ˆÏƒÏ€Î¬Î»Î±Î¸Î¿Ï‚ (Aspalathos), from á¼€ÏƒÏ€Î¬Î»Î±Î¸Î¿Ï‚ (aspalathos, “spiny broom"), a a common shrub in the area.