(third-person singular simple present rives, present participle riving, simple past rived or rove, past participle rived or riven)
- (archaic except in past participle) To tear apart by force; to split; to cleave.
- (archaic) To pierce or cleave with a weapon.
- (intransitive) To break apart; to split.
- In woodworking, to use a technique of splitting or sawing wood radially from a log (e.g. clapboards).
From Middle English riven (“to rive"), of North Germanic origin, from Old Norse rÄ«fa (“to rend, tear apart"), from Proto-Germanic *rÄ«fanÄ… (“to tear, scratch"), from Proto-Indo-European *(e)reip- (“to crumble, tear"). Cognate with Danish rive (“to tear"), Old Frisian rÄ«va (“to tear"), Old English ÄrÇ£fan (“to let loose, unwrap"), Old Norse ript (rift, “breach of contract"), Norwegian rive (“to tear") and Albanian rrip (“belt, rope"). More at rift.