consume[kən so̵̅o̅m′, -syo̵̅o̅m′]
A woman consumes a hamburger.
- To consume is to use something up, destroy something or eat something.
- An example of consume is when people use up all the world's oil.
- An example of consume is when you eat a hamburger.
transitive verbconsumed, consuming
- to destroy, as by fire; do away with
- to use up
- to spend wastefully; squander (time, energy, money, etc.)
- to eat or drink up; devour
- to absorb completely; engross or obsess: consumed with envy, a consuming interest
- to buy for one's personal needs
Origin of consumeMiddle English consumen ; from Old French consumer ; from Classical Latin consumere, to use up, eat, waste ; from com-, together + sumere, to take ; from sub-, under + emere, to buy, take: see redeem
- Now Rare to waste away; perish
- to buy consumer goods or services for one's personal needs
verbcon·sumed, con·sum·ing, con·sumes
- To take in as food; eat or drink up. See Synonyms at eat.
- a. To expend; use up: engines that consume less fuel; a project that consumed most of my time and energy.b. To purchase (goods or services) for direct use or ownership.
- To waste; squander.
- To destroy totally; ravage: flames that consumed the house; a body consumed by cancer.
- To absorb; engross: consumed with jealousy. See Synonyms at engross.
Origin of consumeMiddle English consumen, from Latin cōnsūmere : com-, intensive pref.; see com– + sūmere, to take; see em- in Indo-European roots.
(third-person singular simple present consumes, present participle consuming, simple past and past participle consumed)
- To use.
- The power plant consumes 30 tons of coal per hour.
- To eat.
- Baby birds consume their own weight in food each day.
- To completely occupy the thoughts or attention of.
- Desire consumed him.
- To destroy completely.
- The building was consumed by fire.
- 1899, Kate Chopin, The Awakening:
- He assured her the child was consuming at that moment in the next room.