- The definition of self is of the same material or color.
An example of self used as an adjective is the phrase a "self scarf" which means a scarf made of the same material as the shirt.
- Self is defined as the total being of a person, awareness of the individual or qualities of the individual.
- An example of a self is one person.
- An example of self is the individuality of a person.
- An example of self is a quality that one sibling has that the others don't have.
- Self is an informal word used to replace myself, himself, herself and yourself.
An example of self used as a pronoun is, "I will do the project with self and my brother."
- the identity, character, or essential qualities of any person or thing
- one's own person as distinct from all others
- one's own welfare, interest, or advantage; selfishness: obsessed with self
Origin of selfMiddle English ; from Old English probably ; from Indo-European an unverified form selo- ; from base an unverified form se-, reflexive pronoun , origin, originally separate, apart (from source Classical Latin sibi, se) + an unverified form (o)lo-, pronoun suffix: basic sense “itself, by itself”
- being uniform or the same throughout
- of the same kind, nature, color, material, etc. as the rest: a self lining, self trim
- of oneself or itself: refers to the direct object of the implied transitive verb: self-love, self-restraint
- by oneself or itself: refers to the subject of the implied verb: self-acting
- in, within, or inherent in oneself or itself: self-absorption, self-evident
- to, for, or with oneself: often refers to the indirect object of the implied transitive verb: self-addressed
- automatic: self-loading
- of the same material throughout: self-belted
Origin of self-Middle English ; from Old English ; from self: see self
nounpl. selves selves
- The total, essential, or particular being of a person; the individual: “An actor's instrument is the self” (Joan Juliet Buck).
- The essential qualities distinguishing one person from another; individuality: “He would walk a little first along the southern walls, shed his European self, fully enter this world” (Howard Kaplan).
- One's consciousness of one's own being or identity; the ego: “For some of us, the self's natural doubts are given in mesmerizing amplification by way of critics' negative assessments of our writing” (Joyce Carol Oates).
- One's own interests, welfare, or advantage: thinking of self alone.
- Immunology That which the immune system identifies as belonging to the body: tissues no longer recognized as self.
- Of the same character throughout.
- Of the same material as the article with which it is used: a dress with a self belt.
- Obsolete Same or identical.
intransitive verbselfed, self·ing, selfs
Origin of selfMiddle English, selfsame, from Old English; see s(w)e- in Indo-European roots.
- Oneself; itself: self-control.
- Automatic; automatically: self-loading.
Origin of self-Middle English, from Old English, from self, self; see self.
See also psychology.autodidactics the process of teaching oneself. —autodidact, n. autolatry the worship of oneself. autology the study of oneself. automania an excessive liking for solitude. autophilia a kind of self-love; narcissism. —autophile, n. —autophilic, adj. autophobia, autophoby an abnormal fear of being by oneself. Also called eremiophobia, eremophobia, monophobia. autoplagiarism the act or process of plagiarizing one’s own work. biosophy a mode of life based on intuition and self-education in order to improve one’s character. —biosophist, n. egocentricity the state of being self-centered; greater concern about the self than others to an excessive degree. —egocentric, n., adj. egocentrism 1. the philosophy or attitude of considering oneself the center of the universe. 2. the state or quality of being self-centered. —egocentric, n., adj. egoism an extreme individualism; thought and behavior based upon the premise that one’s individual self is the highest product, if not the totality, of existence. Cf. individualism. —egoist, n. —egoistic, adj. egomania a psychologically abnormal egotism. — egomaniac, n. egotheism a deification of self. egotism the practice of thought, speech, and conduct expressing high self-regard or self-exaltation, usually without skepticism or humility. —egotist, n. —egotistical, adj. eremiophobia, eremophobia autophobia. eremitism 1. the state of being a hermit. 2. an attitude favoring solitude and seclusion. —eremite, n. —eremitic, adj. extraversion, extroversion Psychology. 1. the act of directing one’s interest outward or to things outside the self. 2. the state of having thoughts and activities satisfied by things outside the self. Cf. introversion. —extravert, n. —extraversive, extravertive, adj. factionalism the state or quality of being partisan or self-interested. —factional, adj. —factionalist, n. individualism the practice of independence in thought and action on the premise that the development and expression of an individual character and personality are of the utmost importance. Cf. egoism. —individualist, n. —individualistic, adj. individuation the act or process of becoming an individual or distinct entity. introversion Psychology. 1. the act of directing one’s interest inward or toward the self. 2. the state of being interested chiefly in one’s own inner thoughts, feelings, and processes. Cf. extraversion. —introvert, n. —introvertive, introversive, adj. ipse-dixitism a dictatorial atmosphere brought about by a person’s demands based solely on his having uttered them. ipsism an individual identity; selfhood. Also ipseity. monologue a theatrical performance or scene with a single actor who speaks alone. monology 1. the habit of talking to oneself; soliloquizing. 2. Obsolete a monologue. —monologist, n. —monologic, monological, adj. monophobia autophobia. narcissism an excessive admiration of oneself. Also narcism. —narcissist, narcist n. —narcissistic, narcistic, adj. nosism Archaic. the use of we in speaking of oneself. personalism the individual or personal characteristics of a person or object. —personalist, n. —personalistic, adj. philauty Obsolete, self love; an excessive regard for oneself. reclusion the state of living apart from society, like a hermit. —recluse, n. —reclusive, adj. seclusionist a person who seeks solitude or removes himself from the society of others; a recluse. selfism the obsessive concentration on one’s self-interests. —selfist, n. soliloquy 1. the act or custom of talking to oneself or talking when alone. 2. Drama, a speech in which a character reveals his thoughts to the audience but not to other characters in the play. —soliloquist, n. suicide 1. the killing of oneself. 2. a person who has killed himself. —suicidal, adj. vitativeness Phrenology. the organ serving as the seat of instincts of self-preservation.
- (commercial or humorous) Myself.
- I made out a cheque, payable to self, which cheered me up somewhat.
(plural selves or selfs)
(third-person singular simple present selfs, present participle selfing, simple past and past participle selfed)
- Sir Walter Raleigh
- on these self hills
- At that self moment enters Palamon.
From Middle English self, silf, sulf, from Old English self, seolf, sylf (“same, self, very, own"), from Proto-Germanic *selbaz (“self"), from Proto-Indo-European *selbÊ°- (“one's own"), from Proto-Indo-European *s(w)e- (“separate, apart"). Cognate with Scots self (“self"), West Frisian self (“self"), Dutch zelf (“self"), Low German sulv (“self"), German selbst (“self"), Danish selv (“self"), Icelandic sjÃ¡lfur (“self"). Possibly related to Albanian thelb (“core, center, heart").
From the noun self.
- Used in forming intensive and reflexive forms of the singular personal pronouns.
- The plural counterpart is -selves.
- In the third person, -self or -selves is attached to the pronoun's objective form (him, them); in the first person and second person, to its prenominal possessive form (my, your).
- The suffixes -self and -selves may be separated by an intervening word or phrase (especially own) from the rest of the pronoun. When this occurs, self or selves stands alone as its own word, and the pronoun's prenominal possessive form is necessarily used; hence "himself" becomes "his own self", not *"him own self".
- Both "his or herself" (with -self left attached to the latter pronoun) and "his or her self" (with self written as a separate word) are in use, though the former is more common. The abbreviated form "his/herself" exists as well.
- These forms are sometimes used in formal contexts in place of the objective personal pronoun: "the quality of service you have received from ourselves" (us). This usage is often criticized.
From self; compare Dutch -zelf.