Mutual jealousies were only increased when the seculars were grouped together under an arch-priest in 1599.
The expelled head of the seculars was a certain John de Wiclif, who has been identified with the great reformer Wycliffe.
Of the elected members 3 are returned by the " black " clergy (the monks), 3 by the " white " clergy (seculars), 5 18 by the corporations of nobles, 6 by the academy of sciences and the universities, 6 by the chambers of commerce, 6 by the industrial councils, 34 by the governments having zemstvos, 16 by those having no zemstvos, and 6 by Poland.
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