Burn meaning

bûrn
Burn means to be on fire, to be destroyed by fire or to give off light.

An example of to burn is when a pile of oily rags catches on fire.

An example of to burn is to be injured after sticking your hand in a fire.

An example of to burn is for a candle to create a flame.

verb
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To brand (an animal).
verb
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The definition of a burn is a place or area destroyed or damage by fire.

An example of a burn is a mark on one's finger from touching a flame.

noun
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To undergo combustion or be consumed as fuel.

The dry wood burned quickly.

verb
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To be damaged, injured, or destroyed by fire, heat, radiation, electricity, or a caustic agent.

A house that burned to the ground; eggs that burned and stuck to the pan.

verb
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To consume fuel.

A rocket stage designed to burn for three minutes before being jettisoned.

verb
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To be consumed with strong emotion, especially:
  • To be or become angry.
    An insult that really made me burn.
  • To be very eager.
    Was burning with ambition.
verb
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To damage or injure by fire, heat, radiation, electricity, or a caustic agent.

Burned the toast; burned my skin with the acid.

verb
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To harden or impart a finish to by subjecting to intense heat; fire.

Burn clay pots in a kiln.

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An injury produced by fire, heat, radiation, electricity, or a caustic agent.
noun
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A burned place or area.

A cigarette burn in the tablecloth.

noun
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An act, process, or result of burning.

The fire settled down to a steady burn.

noun
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A sensation of intense heat, stinging pain, or irritation.

A chili burn on the tongue; the burn of alcohol on an open wound.

noun
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A sunburn or windburn.
noun
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A small stream; a brook.
noun
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To set on fire or subject to combustion, as in order to produce heat, light, or power.
verb
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To destroy by fire.
verb
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To put to death by fire.
verb
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To injure or damage by fire or something with the effect of fire, as intense heat, friction, or acid; scorch, singe, scald, etc.
verb
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To consume as fuel.

To burn much gasoline.

verb
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To transform (body fat, etc.) into energy by metabolism.
verb
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To sunburn.
verb
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To brand.
verb
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To cauterize.
verb
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To harden or glaze (bricks, pottery, etc.) by fire; fire.
verb
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To cause by fire, heat, etc.

To burn a hole in a coat.

verb
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To cause a sensation of heat in.

The horseradish burns the throat.

verb
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To use (candles, lights, heaters, etc.)
verb
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To electrocute.
verb
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To copy (data, audio or video files, etc.) onto (a CD, DVD, etc.) by means of a laser.
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To be on fire; flame; blaze.
verb
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To undergo combustion.
verb
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To give out light or heat; shine; glow.
verb
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To be destroyed by fire or heat.
verb
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To be injured or damaged by or as by fire or heat; become scorched, singed, etc.
verb
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To die by fire.
verb
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To feel hot.
verb
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To be excited or inflamed, as with desire, anger, etc.
verb
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To be electrocuted.
verb
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An injury or damage caused by fire, heat, radiation, wind, caustics, etc.: in medicine, burns are classified as first-degree burn, reddening, second-degree burn, blistering, and third-degree burn, destruction of the skin and the tissues under it.
noun
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The process or result of burning, as in brick making.
noun
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A single firing of a rocket or thruster on a space vehicle.
noun
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A brook.
noun
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To undergo or cause to undergo combustion.
verb
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To consume or use as fuel or energy.
verb
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To damage or injure by fire, heat, radiation, electricity, or a caustic agent.
verb
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To irritate or inflame, as by chafing or sunburn.
verb
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To become sunburned or windburned.
verb
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To metabolize something, such as glucose, in the body.
verb
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An injury produced by fire, heat, radiation, electricity, or a caustic agent.
noun
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A burned place or area.
noun
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The process or result of burning.
noun
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A stinging sensation.
noun
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A sunburn or windburn.
noun
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To be on fire; undergo combustion. A substance burns if it is heated up enough to react chemically with oxygen.
verb
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To cause a burn to a bodily tissue.
verb
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Tissue injury caused by fire, heat, radiation (such as sun exposure), electricity, or a caustic chemical agent. Burns are classified according to the degree of tissue damage, which can include redness, blisters, skin edema and loss of sensation. Bacterial infection is a serious and sometimes fatal complication of severe burns.
noun
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To write a write-once optical medium such as a CD-R, DVD-R or BD-R disc. Such a disc is considered "burned," because once recorded, it cannot be erased and rewritten. The term is also erroneously used for rewritable disks, such as CD-RWs and DVD-RWs, but rewritable media are not "burned;" they are "written." Burn means "once and done." See CD-R, DVD-R and DVD+R. See also burn in.
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A physical injury caused by heat or cold or electricity or radiation or caustic chemicals.

She had second-degree burns from falling in the bonfire.

noun
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The act of burning something.

They're doing a controlled burn of the fields.

noun
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Physical sensation in the muscles following strenuous exercise, caused by build-up of lactic acid.

One and, two and, keep moving; feel the burn!

noun
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(slang) An intense non-physical sting, as left by an effective insult.
noun
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(UK, chiefly prison slang) Tobacco.
noun
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The operation or result of burning or baking, as in brickmaking.

They have a good burn.

noun
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noun
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(intransitive) To be consumed by fire, or at least in flames.

He watched the house burn.

verb
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(intransitive) To become overheated to the point of being unusable.

The grill was too hot and the steak was burned.

verb
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(intransitive) To feel hot, e.g. due to embarrassment.

Her cheeks burned with shame.

The child's forehead was burning with fever.

verb
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(intransitive) To sunburn.

She forgot to put on sunscreen and burned.

verb
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(intransitive, curling) To accidentally touch a moving stone.
verb
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(ergative) To cause to be consumed by fire.

He burned his manuscript in the fireplace.

verb
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(ergative) To overheat so as to make unusable.

He burned the toast.

verb
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To injure (a person or animal) with heat or caustic chemicals.

She burned the child with an iron, and was jailed for ten years.

verb
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To make or produce by the application of fire or burning heat.

To burn a hole; to burn letters into a block.

verb
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To consume, injure, or change the condition of, as if by action of fire or heat; to affect as fire or heat does.

To burn the mouth with pepper.

verb
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(surgery) To cauterize.
verb
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(slang) To betray.

The informant burned him.

verb
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(computing) To write data to a permanent storage medium like a compact disc or a ROM chip.

We’ll burn this program onto an EEPROM one hour before the demo begins.

verb
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To waste (time).

We have an hour to burn.

verb
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(slang) To insult or defeat.

I just burned you again.

verb
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(card games) In pontoon, to swap a pair of cards for another pair. Also to deal a dead card.
verb
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(photography) To increase the exposure for certain areas of a print in order to make them lighter (compare dodge).
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(chemistry, dated) To combine energetically, with evolution of heat.

Copper burns in chlorine.

verb
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(chemistry) To cause to combine with oxygen or other active agent, with evolution of heat; to consume; to oxidize.

A human being burns a certain amount of carbon at each respiration.

To burn iron in oxygen.

verb
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In certain games, to approach near to a concealed object which is sought.

You're cold... warm... hot... you're burning!

verb
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(Scotland, northern England) A stream.
noun
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burn itself out
  • To stop burning from lack of fuel:.
    The brush fire finally burned itself out.
idiom
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burn (one's) bridges
  • To eliminate the possibility of return or retreat.
idiom
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burn the
  • To exhaust oneself or one's resources by leading a hectic or extravagant life.
idiom
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burn the midnight oil
  • To work or study very late at night.
idiom
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to burn
  • In great amounts:.
    They had money to burn.
idiom
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burn down
  • To burn to the ground.
idiom
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burn in
  • To darken (an area of a photographic print) by exposing it to more light.
idiom
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burn out
  • To cease burning through lack of fuel.
  • To disintegrate or wear out by heat from friction, etc.
  • To destroy the home, business, etc. of by fire.
  • To exhaust (oneself) or become exhausted from overwork, stress, or dissipation.
idiom
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burn rubber
  • To accelerate a vehicle so rapidly that the tires squeal as they spin without traction.
  • To move rapidly; hurry; rush.
idiom
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burn up
  • To burn completely.
  • To make or become angry.
idiom
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to burn
  • In excess.
    Money to burn.
idiom
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Origin of burn

  • Middle English burnen from Old English beornan to be on fire, and from bærnan to set on fire gwher- in Indo-European roots

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • Middle English from Old English burna bhreu- in Indo-European roots

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From Middle English burn, bourne, from Old English burne, burna (“spring, fountain”), from Proto-Germanic *brunnô, *brunō (compare West Frisian boarne, Dutch bron, German Brunnen), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrew- (compare Albanian burim (“spring, fountain”) from buroj (“to pour, gush, derive”), Ancient Greek [script?] (phréār, “well, reservoir”), Old Armenian աղբիւր (ałbiwr, “fount”)). Doublet of bourn. More at brew.

    From Wiktionary

  • From Middle English bernen, birnen, from Old English byrnan, beornan (“to burn”), from Proto-Germanic *brinnaną (“to burn”), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrenu̯ (compare Middle Irish brennim (“drink up”), bruinnim (“bubble up”)), present stem from *bʰreu-, *bʰru- (compare Middle Irish bréo (“flame”), Albanian burth (“Cyclamen europaeum, mouth burning”), Sanskrit [script?] (bhuráti, “moves quickly, twitches, fidgets”)). More at brew.

    From Wiktionary