Extinguish meaning

ĭk-stĭnggwĭsh
To cause (a fire or light) to stop burning or shining; put out.
verb
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To extinguish is defined as to put out, put an end to, or to settle a debt.

When you pour baking soda on a kitchen fire and the fire goes out, this is an example of when you extinguish the fire.

When a plague kills an entire population, this is an example of how to extinguish a population.

When you find out you didn't get into the school you wanted, this is an example of a time when hope is extinguished.

When a debt is forgiven in full, this is an example of a time when the debt is extinguished.

verb
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To put an end to or make extinct; destroy.
verb
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(psychology) To bring about the extinction of (a conditioned response).
verb
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To put out (a fire, etc.); quench; smother.
verb
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To put out, as in fire; to end burning; to quench.
verb
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To put an end to; destroy or cause to die out.
verb
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To put in the shade; eclipse; obscure.
verb
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To cause a fire or light to stop burning or shining; put out.
verb
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(psychology) To bring about the extinction of a conditioned response.
verb
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To destroy or abolish something.

She extinguished all my hopes.

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To obscure or eclipse something.

The rays of the sun were extinguished by the thunder clouds.

verb
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(psychology) To bring about the extinction of a conditioned reflex.
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(literally) To hunt down (a species) to extinction.
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Origin of extinguish

  • Latin exstinguere ex- intensive pref. ex– stinguere to quench steig- in Indo-European roots

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From Latin extinguo, past participle extinctus (“to put out (what is burning), quench, extinguish, deprive of life, destory, abolish”), from ex (“out”) + stinguere (“to put out, quench, extinguish”).

    From Wiktionary