- A large omnivorous mammal, related to the dog and raccoon, having shaggy hair, a very small tail, and flat feet; a member of family Ursidae, particularly of subfamily Ursinae.
- (figuratively) A rough, unmannerly, uncouth person. 
- (finance) An investor who sells commodities, securities, or futures in anticipation of a fall in prices. 
- (slang, US) A state policeman (short for smokey bear). [1970s]
- (slang) A large, hairy man, especially one who is homosexual. 
- (engineering) A portable punching machine.
- (nautical) A block covered with coarse matting, used to scour the deck.
(third-person singular simple present bears, present participle bearing, simple past and past participle beared)
- (finance) To endeavour to depress the price of, or prices in.
- to bear a railroad stock
- to bear the market
- (finance, investments) Characterized by or believing to benefit of declining prices in securities markets.
- The great bear market starting in 1929 scared a whole generation of investors.
From Middle English bere, from Old English bera, from Proto-Germanic *berô (compare West Frisian bear, Dutch beer, German Bär, Danish bjørn).
(third-person singular simple present bears, present participle bearing, simple past bore or (archaic) bare, past participle borne or (rare) born)
- To support or sustain; to hold up.
- This stone bears most of the weight.
- To carry something.
- To be equipped with (something).
- the right to bear arms
- To wear or display.
- The shield bore a red cross.
- (with witness) To declare as testimony.
- The jury could see he was bearing false witness.
- To put up with something.
- I would never move to Texas—I can't bear heat.
- Please bear with me as I ramble on and on about nothing very important, such as that time when I was in Montana and I may have seen a mountain lion, but it was pretty far off and it was raining—the weather, not the lion—and the car broke down...
- To give birth to someone or something (may take the father of the direct object as an indirect object).
- In Troy she becomes Paris’ wife, bearing him several children, all of whom die in infancy.
- (intransitive) To produce or yield something, such as fruit or crops.
- (intransitive) To be, or head, in a specific direction or azimuth (from somewhere).
- The harbour bears north by northeast.
- By my readings, we're bearing due south, so we should turn about ten degrees east.
- Great Falls bears north of Bozeman.
- (intransitive) To suffer, as in carrying a burden.
- (intransitive) To endure with patience; to be patient.
- To press; with on, upon, or against.
- To take effect; to have influence or force.
- to bring matters to bear
- To relate or refer; with on or upon.
- How does this bear on the question?
- To have a certain meaning, intent, or effect.
- To possess and use (power, etc.); to exercise.
- To possess mentally; to carry or hold in the mind; to entertain; to harbour.
- She was […] found not guilty, through bearing of friends and bribing of the judge.
- To sustain, or be answerable for (blame, expense, responsibility, etc.).
- To carry on, or maintain; to have.
- To admit or be capable of; to suffer or sustain without violence, injury, or change.
- To manage, wield, or direct; to behave or conduct (oneself).
- To afford; to be (something) to; to supply with.
- The past participle of bear is usually borne:
- He could not have borne that load.
- She had borne five children.
- This is not to be borne!
- However, when bear means "to give birth to" (literally or figuratively), the passive past participle is born:
- She was born on May 3.
- Born three years earlier, he was the eldest of his siblings.
- "The idea to create [the Blue Ridge Parkway] was born in the travail of the Great Depression […] ." (Tim Pegram, The Blue Ridge Parkway by Foot: A Park Ranger's Memoir, ISBN 0786431407, 2007, page 1)
- Both spellings are used in the construction born(e) to someone (as a child):
- He was born(e) to Mr. Smith.
- She was born(e) to the most powerful family in the city.
- "[M]y father was borne to a Swedish mother and a Norwegian father, both devout Lutherans." (David Ross, Good Morning Corfu: Living Abroad Against All Odds, ISBN 1452450323, 2009)
- In the Middle English period, and rarely also today, the form "yborn" exist(ed).
From Middle English beren (“carry, bring forth”), from Old English beran (“to carry, bear, bring”), from Proto-Germanic *beraną, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer-, *bʰére-. Akin to Old High German beran (“carry”), Dutch baren, Gothic (baíran), Latin ferre, and Ancient Greek φέρειν (pherein), Albanian bie (“to bring, to bear”), Russian брать (brat', “to take”).