Surname meaning

sûrnām
Surname is defined as the family or last name.

An example of a surname is Smith when the person's full name is John Smith.

noun
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A nickname or epithet added to a person's name.
noun
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24
To give a surname to.
verb
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A name shared in common to identify the members of a family, as distinguished from each member's given name.
noun
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9
To call by a surname.
verb
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1590, Richard Harvey, Plaine Percevall the peace-maker of England, Sweetly indeuoring with his blunt persuasions to botch vp a reconciliation between Mar-ton and Mar-tother, B3

My sirname is Peace-Maker, one that is but poorely regarded in England.

noun
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8
To give a surname.
verb
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2
To give a surname to.
verb
8
5
The family name, or last name, as distinguished from a given name.
noun
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3
A name or epithet added to a person's given name (Ex.: Ivan the Terrible)
noun
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3
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1638, Abraham Cowley, Davideis, IV.

I have before declared that Baal was the Sun, and Baal Peor, a sirname, from a particular place of his worship.

noun
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C."‰1607, William Shakespeare, Coriolanus, V"‰iii"‰171

To his sur-name Coriolanus longs more prideThen pitty to our Prayers.

noun
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2
(Classical studies) The cognomen of Roman names.
noun
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3
The name a person shares with other members of that person's family, distinguished from that person's given name or names; a family name.
noun
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0
1526, Tyndale's Bible, Acts I"‰23

Barsabas (whose syrname was Iustus).

noun
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2
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Origin of surname

  • Middle English partial translation of Old French surnom sur- sur- nom name

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From a variety of spellings in Middle English, from Norman and Old French surnom (“surname"), formed from Old French sur- ("super-"; earlier sor-, sour-, &c.) + nom (“name"), a calque of late Latin supernōmen and suprānōmen (“surname"), from Latin super- (“over, above, beyond") and nōmen (“name").

    From Wiktionary