(third-person singular simple present shines, present participle shining, simple past and past participle shone or shined)
- (intransitive) To emit light.
- (intransitive) To reflect light.
- (intransitive) To distinguish oneself; to excel.
- My nephew tried other sports before deciding on football, which he shone at right away, quickly becoming the star of his school team.
- (intransitive) To be effulgent in splendour or beauty.
- (intransitive) To be eminent, conspicuous, or distinguished; to exhibit brilliant intellectual powers.
- (intransitive) To be immediately apparent.
- To create light with (a flashlight, lamp, torch, or similar).
- I shined my light into the darkness to see what was making the noise.
- To cause to shine, as a light.
- (US) To make bright; to cause to shine by reflected light.
- in hunting, to shine the eyes of a deer at night by throwing a light on them
From Middle English shinen, schinen (preterite schon, past participle schinen), from Old English scÄ«nan ("to shine, flash; be resplendent"; preterite scÄn, past participle scinen), from Proto-Germanic *skÄ«nanÄ… (“to shine"). Cognate with West Frisian skine, skyne, Low German schienen, Dutch schijnen, German scheinen, Danish skinne, Swedish skina.
In Middle English the most standard forms are:
- present: shÄ«nen
- simple past: (singular) shÅne, (plural) shÄ«neden
- past participle: shÄ«ned
The form shÄ«ned(e) has already appeared as an alternate past singular at this time, although only in Northern English usage. There is no recorded use of shÅne as an alternate past participle in Middle English.
(third-person singular simple present shines, present participle shining, simple past and past participle shined)
- To cause (something) to shine; put a shine on (something); polish (something).
- He shined my shoes until they were polished smooth and gleaming.
- (cricket) To polish a cricket ball using saliva and one's clothing.
From the noun shine, or perhaps continuing Middle English schinen (preterite schinede, past participle schined), from Old English scÄ«n (“brightness, shine"), and also Middle English schenen, from Old English scÇ£nan (“to render brilliant, make shine"), from Proto-Germanic *skainijanÄ…, causitive of Proto-Germanic *skÄ«nanÄ… (“to shine").