- Shine is defined as brightness, light or luster.
A gold ring that has just been cleaned and polished is an example of something that has a shine.
- Shine is to reflect light, or to polish, or to stand out due to excellence.
- When you point a flashlight into a dark room to illuminate what is in the room, this is an example of when you shine your flashlight.
- When you polish your shoes, this is an example of when you shine your shoes.
- When you are the best singer in the chorus and everyone pays attention to you instead of the rest of the crowd, this is an example of when you shine.
intransitive verbshone, shined, shining
- to emit or reflect light; be radiant or bright with light; gleam; glow
- to be eminent, conspicuous, or brilliant; stand out; excel
- to exhibit itself clearly or conspicuously: love shining from her face
Origin of shineMiddle English schinen ; from Old English scinan, akin to German scheinen ; from Indo-European base an unverified form sāi-, to glimmer from source Classical Greek skia, shadow
- to direct the light of: to shine a flashlight
- to make shiny or bright by polishing: to shine shoes
- brightness; radiance
- luster; polish; gloss
- ☆ shoeshine
- splendor; brilliance; show
- sunshine; fair weather
- ☆ Informal a trick or prank: usually used in pl.
- ☆ Slang black (): a vulgar term of hostility and contempt
shine up to☆
take a shine to☆
verbshone shone or shined, shin·ing, shines
- To emit light.
- To reflect light; glint or glisten.
- To distinguish oneself in an activity or a field; excel.
- To be immediately apparent: Delight shone in her eyes.
- To aim or cast the beam or glow of (a light).
- past tense and past participle shined shined To make glossy or bright by polishing.
- Brightness from a source of light; radiance.
- Brightness from reflected light; luster.
- A shoeshine.
- Excellence in quality or appearance; splendor.
- Fair weather: rain or shine.
- shines Informal Pranks or tricks.
- Slang Whiskey; moonshine.
- Offensive Slang Used as a disparaging term for a black person.
Origin of shineMiddle English shinen, from Old English scīnan. Usage Note: The verb shine has two different past tenses, shined and shone, and these forms also function as past participles. By tradition, the past tense and past participle shone is used when the verb is intransitive and means “to emit light, be luminous”: The full moon shone over the field. The form shined, on the other hand, is normally used when the verb is transitive and means “to direct (a beam of light)” or “to polish,” as in He shined his flashlight down the dark staircase or The butler shined the silver. In our 2008 survey, the Usage Panel found both forms acceptable in transitive literal use (shone/shined the light) and in figurative intransitive use (Carolyn always shined/shone at ribbon-cutting ceremonies), but a larger majority preferred the traditional usages (shined the light; shone at ceremonies) over the nontraditional ones, so maintaining the traditional distinction remains a sensible practice.
(third-person singular simple present shines, present participle shining, simple past and past participle shone or shined)
- (intransitive) To emit light.
- (intransitive) To reflect light.
- (intransitive) To distinguish oneself; to excel.
- My nephew tried other sports before deciding on football, which he shone at right away, quickly becoming the star of his school team.
- (intransitive) To be effulgent in splendour or beauty.
- (intransitive) To be eminent, conspicuous, or distinguished; to exhibit brilliant intellectual powers.
- (intransitive) To be immediately apparent.
- To create light with (a flashlight, lamp, torch, or similar).
- I shined my light into the darkness to see what was making the noise.
- To cause to shine, as a light.
- (US) To make bright; to cause to shine by reflected light.
- in hunting, to shine the eyes of a deer at night by throwing a light on them
- Brightness from a source of light.
- Brightness from reflected light.
- Excellence in quality or appearance.
- (slang) Moonshine.
- (cricket) The amount of shininess on a cricket ball, or on each side of the ball.
- (slang) A liking for a person; a fancy.
- She's certainly taken a shine to you.
- (archaic, slang) A caper; an antic; a row.
From Middle English shinen, schinen (preterite schon, past participle schinen), from Old English scīnan ("to shine, flash; be resplendent"; preterite scān, past participle scinen), from Proto-Germanic *skīnaną (“to shine”). Cognate with West Frisian skine, skyne, Low German schienen, Dutch schijnen, German scheinen, Danish skinne, Swedish skina.
In Middle English the most standard forms are:
- present: shīnen
- simple past: (singular) shōne, (plural) shīneden
- past participle: shīned
The form shīned(e) has already appeared as an alternate past singular at this time, although only in Northern English usage. There is no recorded use of shōne as an alternate past participle in Middle English.
(third-person singular simple present shines, present participle shining, simple past and past participle shined)
From the noun shine, or perhaps continuing Middle English schinen (preterite schinede, past participle schined), from Old English scīn (“brightness, shine”), and also Middle English schenen, from Old English scǣnan (“to render brilliant, make shine”), from Proto-Germanic *skainijaną, causitive of Proto-Germanic *skīnaną (“to shine”).