- a fixed portion; share; allowance
- a fixed allowance or allotment of food or provisions, esp. a fixed daily allowance, as for a soldier
- [pl.] food or food supply, as for soldiers, explorers, etc.
Origin of rationMiddle French from Medieval Latin ratio, ration from L, a reckoning: see reason
- to supply with a ration or rations
- to distribute (food, clothing, etc.) in rations, as in times of scarcity