extract[ek strakt′, ik-; for n. eks′trakt′]
- The definition of an extract is a concentrated form of something.
An example of extract is the liquid vanilla used in baking which is made from vanilla beans.
- Extract is defined as to draw out, remove or obtain something from another.
- An example of extract is pulling a bee stinger from someone's foot.
- An example of extract is getting juice from an orange.
Extracting juice from an orange.
- to draw out by effort; pull out: to extract a tooth, to extract a promise from someone
- to remove or separate (metal) from ore
- to obtain (a substance, esp. an essence or concentrate) by pressing, distilling, using a solvent, etc.: to extract juice from fruit
- to obtain as if by drawing out; deduce (a principle), derive or elicit (information, pleasure, etc.), or the like
- to copy out or quote (a passage from a book, etc.); excerpt
- Math. to compute (the root of a quantity)
Origin of extractMiddle English extracten ; from Classical Latin extractus, past participle of extrahere, to draw out ; from ex-, out + trahere, to draw
- a concentrated form, whether solid, viscid, or liquid, of a food, flavoring, etc.: beef extract
- a passage selected from a book, etc.; excerpt; quotation
- Pharmacy the concentrated substance obtained by dissolving a drug in some solvent, as ether or alcohol, and then evaporating the preparation
transitive verbex·tract·ed, ex·tract·ing, ex·tracts
- To draw or pull out, often with great force or effort: extract a wisdom tooth; used tweezers to extract the splinter.
- To obtain despite resistance: extract a promise.
- To obtain from a substance by chemical or mechanical action, as by pressure, distillation, or evaporation.
- To remove for separate consideration or publication; excerpt.
- a. To derive or obtain (information, for example) from a source.b. To deduce (a principle or doctrine); construe (a meaning).c. To derive (pleasure or comfort) from an experience.
- Mathematics To determine or calculate (the root of a number).
Origin of extractMiddle English extracten, from Latin extrahere, extract- : ex-, ex- + trahere, to draw.
- ex·tract′a·ble, ex·tract′i·ble
- That which is extracted or drawn out.
- A portion of a book or document, incorporated distinctly in another work; a citation; a quotation.
- A decoction, solution, or infusion made by drawing out from any substance that which gives it its essential and characteristic virtue; essence; as, extract of beef; extract of dandelion; also, any substance so extracted, and characteristic of that from which it is obtained; as, quinine is the most important extract of Peruvian bark.
- A solid preparation obtained by evaporating a solution of a drug, etc., or the fresh juice of a plant; -- distinguished from an abstract.
- Ancestry; descent.
- A draft or copy of writing; a certified copy of the proceedings in an action and the judgment therein, with an order for execution.
(third-person singular simple present extracts, present participle extracting, simple past and past participle extracted)
- To draw out or forth; to pull out; to remove forcibly from a fixed position, as by traction or suction, etc.
- to extract a tooth from its socket, a stump from the earth, or a splinter from the finger
- To withdraw by expression, distillation, or other mechanical or chemical process. Compare abstract (transitive verb).
- to extract an essential oil from a plant
- To take by selection; to choose out; to cite or quote, as a passage from a book.
- (arithmetic) To determine (a root of a number).
- Please extract the cube root of 27.
From Latin extractum, neuter perfect passive participle of extrahō.