- The definition of a chain is a series of objects, people or events which are connected to one another, or a flexible series of metal links.
- An example of a chain is a link of DNA.
- An example of a chain is a series of connected metal links used to contain a dog in a yard.
- Chain is defined as to fasten, secure or confine.
An example of to chain is to handcuff someone.
Two different colored chains.
- a flexible series of joined links, usually of metal, used to pull, confine, etc. or to transmit power
- tire chain
- bonds, shackles, etc.
- anything that binds, ties, or restrains: chains of love
- captivity; bondage
- any chainlike ornament, badge, etc.
- a chainlike measuring instrument, or its measure of length; specif.,
- a surveyor's (or Gunter's) chain (66 feet or 20.117 meters or 100 links)
- an engineer's chain (100 feet or 30.48 meters or 100 links)
- Football a chain 10 yards in length, used to measure for a first downoften the chains
- a series of things connected causally, logically, physically, etc.: chain of events, mountain chain
- ☆ a number of stores, restaurants, etc. owned by one company
- Chem. a linkage of atoms in a molecule
Origin of chainMiddle English and amp; Old French chaine ; from Classical Latin catena ; from Indo-European base an unverified form kat-, to twist, twine from source probably Old English heathor, confinement
- to fasten or shackle with chains
- to hold down, restrain, confine, etc.
- a. A connected, flexible series of links, typically of metal, used especially for holding objects together, for restraining, or for transmitting mechanical power.b. Such a set of links, often of precious metal and with pendants attached, worn as an ornament or symbol of office.c. often chains Football Such a set of links measuring ten yards and attached to a pole at each end, moved up and down the field to indicate necessary yardage for gaining a first down.
- A restraining or confining agent or force.
- chainsa. Bonds, fetters, or shackles.b. Captivity or oppression; bondage: threw off the chains of slavery.
- A series of closely linked or connected things: a chain of coincidences. See Synonyms at series.
- A number of establishments, such as stores, theaters, or hotels, under common ownership or management.
- A range of mountains.
- Chemistry A series of chemically bonded atoms, especially carbon atoms, which may be arranged in an open, branched, or cyclic structure.
- a. An instrument used in surveying, consisting of 100 linked pieces of iron or steel and measuring 66 feet (20.1 meters). Also called Gunter's chain.b. A similar instrument used in engineering, measuring 100 feet (30.5 meters).c. Abbr. ch A unit of measurement equal to the length of either of these instruments.
transitive verbchained, chain·ing, chains
- To bind or make fast with a chain or chains: chained the dog to a tree.
- To restrain or confine as if with chains: workers who were chained to a life of dull routine.
Origin of chainMiddle English chaine, from Old French, from Latin catēna.
left to right: figaro, sash, and stud links
- A series of interconnected rings or links usually made of metal.
- He wore a gold chain around the neck.
- A series of interconnected things.
- a chain of mountains
- a chain of ideas, one leading to the next
- This led to an unfortunate chain of events.
- A series of stores or businesses with the same brand name.
- That chain of restaurants is expanding into our town.
- A number of atoms in a series, which combine to form a molecule.
- When examined, the molecular chain included oxygen and hydrogen.
- (surveying) A series of interconnected links of known length, used as a measuring device.
- (surveying) A long measuring tape.
- A unit of length equal to 22 yards. The length of a Gunter's surveying chain. The length of a cricket pitch. Equal to 20.12 metres. Equal to 4 rods. Equal to 100 links.
- (mathematics, order theory) A totally ordered set, especially a totally ordered subset of a poset.
- (UK) A sequence of linked house purchases, each of which is dependent on the preceding and succeeding purchase (said to be "broken" if a buyer or seller pulls out).
- That which confines, fetters, or secures; a bond.
- the chains of habit
- (nautical, in the plural) Iron links bolted to the side of a vessel to bold the dead-eyes connected with the shrouds; also, the channels.
- (weaving) The warp threads of a web.
(third-person singular simple present chains, present participle chaining, simple past and past participle chained)
- To fasten something with a chain.
- (intransitive) To link multiple items together.
- To secure someone with fetters.
- To obstruct the mouth of a river etc with a chain.
- (computing) To relate data items with a chain of pointers.
- (computing) To be chained to another data item.
- To measure a distance using a 66-foot long chain, as in land surveying.
- (computing, rare, associated with Acorn Computers) To load and automatically run (a program).
From Middle English chaine, from Old French chaine, chaene ("chain"; Modern French: chaîne), from Latin catēna (“chain”), from Proto-Indo-European *kat- (“to braid, twist; hut, shed”). Cognate with North Frisian ketten (“chain”), Dutch keten (“chain”), Low German Kede (“chain”), German Kette (“chain”), Danish kæde (“chain”), Swedish kedja (“chain”), Icelandic keðja (“chain”).