Gauge meaning

gāj
The definition of gauge is a method of making an estimate or a guess about something, or is an actual device used to measure.

An example of gauge is a head count of people at a rally to determine how many supporters the politican has.

An example of a gauge is a unit on your gas tank that lets you know how much gas is left.

noun
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The measure of the diameter, or thickness, of a conductor.The thicker the wire, the less the resistance, the stronger the signal over a given distance, and the better the overall performance of the medium. Thicker wires also offer the advantage of greater break strength.Thicker wires, however, also require more metal, which makes them heavier and more difficult to bend, which ultimately increases both acquisition and deployment costs. By way of example, the first long-line copper wire telephone circuits were strung between New York and Chicago. Consisting of uninsulated hard drawn copper conductors about as thick as a pencil, the two-wire circuit weighed 870,000 pounds, filled a twenty-two car freight train and cost US$130,000 for the copper alone. The most commonly used measurements of gauge are American Wire Gauge (AWG), Imperial Standard Wire Gauge, and metric gauge. See also AWG, break strength, Imperial Standard Wire Gauge, metric gauge, and resistance.
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To mix (plaster) in the proportions required for a specified setting time.
verb
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(textile) To draw into equidistant gathers by running a thread through it.
verb
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An instrument for measuring the dimensions, capacity, or amount of something.

A pressure gauge; a fuel gauge.

noun
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A standard dimension, quantity, or capacity, as:
  • The distance between the two rails of a railroad.
  • The distance between two wheels on an axle.
  • The interior diameter of a shotgun barrel as determined by the number of lead balls of a size exactly fitting the barrel that are required to make one pound. Often used in combination.
    A 12-gauge shotgun.
  • The thickness or diameter of sheet metal, wire, or a similar manufactured material or piece.
  • The fineness of knitted cloth as measured by the number of stitches per a given unit of length.
noun
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A standard or scale of measurement.

The capacity of barrels was measured according to the gauge in use at the time.

noun
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A means of estimating or evaluating; a test.

A gauge of character.

noun
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The position of a vessel in relation to another vessel and the wind.
noun
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To measure the dimensions, capacity, proportions, or amount of (something), especially by means of a gauge.

Gauged the thickness of the metal part.

verb
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To evaluate or estimate.

Gauge a person's interest.

verb
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To adapt or make conform to a specified standard.

Pressure valves that are gauged to industry requirements.

verb
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To chip or rub (bricks or stones) to size.
verb
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Of or relating to a gauge.
adjective
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Invariant under a local transformation.
adjective
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A standard measure or scale of measurement.
noun
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The distance between parallel wheels at opposite ends of an axle.
noun
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The size of a bore, esp. of a shotgun, expressed in terms of the number per pound of round lead balls of a diameter equal to that of the bore.
noun
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The thickness of sheet metal, diameter of wire, etc.
noun
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The position of a ship in relation to another ship and the wind.

A sailboat that has the weather gauge of another boat is to windward of it.

noun
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The amount of plaster of Paris used with common plaster to hasten its setting.
noun
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To measure accurately by means of a gauge.
verb
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To measure the size, amount, extent, or capacity of.
verb
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To estimate; judge; appraise.
verb
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To bring to correct gauge; make conform with a standard.
verb
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To cut or rub (bricks or stone) to a desired shape.
verb
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A measure; a standard of measure; an instrument to determine dimensions, distance, or capacity; a standard.
noun
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An act of measuring.
noun
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Any instrument for ascertaining or regulating the level, state, dimensions or forms of things; as, a rain gauge; a steam gauge.
noun
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A thickness of sheet metal or wire designated by any of several numbering schemes.
noun
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The distance between the rails of a railway.
noun
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(mathematics, analysis) A semi-norm; a function that assigns a non-negative size to all vectors in a vector space.
noun
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(knitting) The number of stitches per inch, centimetre, or other unit of distance.
noun
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To measure or determine with a gauge; to measure the capacity of.
verb
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verb
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To appraise the character or ability of; to judge of.
verb
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Dimensions, capacity, thickness, etc.
noun
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Any device for measuring something, as the thickness of wire, the dimensions of a machined part, the amount of liquid in a container, steam pressure, etc.
noun
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Any means of estimating or judging.
noun
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The distance between the rails of a rail track.
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Origin of gauge

  • Middle English from Old North French gauging rod of Germanic origin

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From Middle English gage, gaugen, from Anglo-Norman, Old Northern French gauger (compare Modern French jauger from Old French jaugier), from gauge (“gauging rod”), from Frankish *galga (“measuring rod, pole”), from Proto-Germanic *galgô (“pole, stake, cross”), from Proto-Indo-European *g'hAlgh-, *g'hAlg- (“perch, long switch”). Cognate with Old High German galgo, Old Frisian galga, Old English ġealga (“cross-beam, gallows”), Old Norse galgi (“cross-beam, gallows”), Old Norse gelgja (“pole, perch”).

    From Wiktionary