Burden meaning

bûrdn
Burden is defined as making heavy with a load or with emotion.

To pack a mule for a trip is an example of burden.

An example of burden is to tell someone about your terrible week at work.

verb
20
7
A principal or recurring idea; a theme.
noun
11
4
Something that is carried.
noun
8
3
To cause difficulty or distress to; distress or oppress.
verb
7
1
The definition of a burden is something carried, a worry or sadness, or a responsibility.

The cargo in a ship is an example of a burden.

The sadness of your mother's illness is an example of a burden.

An example of a burden is the duties that come with being a new parent.

noun
5
3
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To encumber with a burden (in any of the noun senses of the word).

To burden a nation with taxes.

verb
5
3
A repeated, central idea; theme.

The burden of a speech.

noun
4
0
The amount of a disease-causing entity present in an organism.
noun
4
2
Anything one has to bear or put up with; heavy load, as of work, duty, responsibility, or sorrow.
noun
2
0
To put a burden on; load; weigh down; oppress.
verb
2
0
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(archaic) A bass accompaniment in music.
noun
1
0
A chorus or refrain of a song.
noun
1
0
The drone of a bagpipe.
noun
1
0
A duty, obligation, or responsibility.
noun
1
0
noun
1
0
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A responsibility or duty.

The burden of organizing the campaign fell to me.

noun
0
0
To load or overload.
verb
0
0
Anything that is carried; load.
noun
0
0
The carrying of loads.

A beast of burden.

noun
0
0
The carrying capacity of a ship.
noun
0
0
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Something that causes anxiety or is grievous or oppressive.
noun
0
0
In property law, anything that encumbers or restrict the use or value of land, such as an easement, restrictive covenant, or zoning ordinance. The burden indefinitely binds the current and all future owners until it is extinguished, so it is the land, and the landowner, that is burdened by the encumbrance or restriction. See estate.
noun
0
0
A heavy load.
noun
0
0
A cause of worry; that which is grievous, wearisome, or oppressive.
noun
0
0
The capacity of a vessel, or the weight of cargo that she will carry.

A ship of a hundred tons burden.

noun
0
0
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(mining) The tops or heads of stream-work which lie over the stream of tin.
noun
0
0
(metalworking) The proportion of ore and flux to fuel, in the charge of a blast furnace.

noun
0
0
A fixed quantity of certain commodities.

A burden of gad steel is 120 pounds.

noun
0
0
To impose, as a load or burden; to lay or place as a burden (something heavy or objectionable).
verb
0
0
(music) A phrase or theme that recurs at the end of each verse in a folk song or ballad.
noun
0
0
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The drone of a bagpipe.

noun
0
1

Origin of burden

  • Middle English from Old English byrthen bher-1 in Indo-European roots Noun, senses 4 and 5, influenced by bourdon

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From Middle English burden, birden, burthen, birthen, byrthen, from Old English byrden, byrþen (“burden, load, weight; charge, duty”), from Proto-Germanic *burþinjō (“burden”), from Proto-Germanic *burþį̄ (“burden”), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer- (“to carry, bear”). Cognate with Scots burthine (“burden”), Middle Low German borden (“burden”), Middle High German bürden (“burden, load”). Related to Old English byrd (“burden”), German Bürde (“burden, weight”), Danish byrde (“burden”), Swedish börde (“burden”), Icelandic byrði (“burden”).

    From Wiktionary

  • From Old French bordon. See bourdon.

    From Wiktionary