(third-person singular simple present burdens, present participle burdening, simple past and past participle burdened)
- To encumber with a burden (in any of the noun senses of the word).
- to burden a nation with taxes
- To impose, as a load or burden; to lay or place as a burden (something heavy or objectionable).
From Middle English burden, birden, burthen, birthen, byrthen, from Old English byrden, byrþen (“burden, load, weight; charge, duty”), from Proto-Germanic *burþinjō (“burden”), from Proto-Germanic *burþį̄ (“burden”), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer- (“to carry, bear”). Cognate with Scots burthine (“burden”), Middle Low German borden (“burden”), Middle High German bürden (“burden, load”). Related to Old English byrd (“burden”), German Bürde (“burden, weight”), Danish byrde (“burden”), Swedish börde (“burden”), Icelandic byrði (“burden”).
From Old French bordon. See bourdon.