Trial meaning

trīəl, trīl
The definition of a trial is a hearing in a court case, a test or a hardship.

An example of trial is the court case of an accused robber.

An example of trial is the use of a small size bottle of shampoo to sample the product.

An example of trial is a physical obstacle course.

noun
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A state of pain or anguish that tests patience, endurance, or belief.
noun
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A trial held in front of a judge, but without the presence of a jury. Both parties must waive their constitutional rights to a trial by jury. The judge then gets to decide matters of fact as well as matters of law.
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See jury trial.
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An effort or attempt.

Succeeded on the third trial.

noun
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Made or done in the course of a trial or test.
adjective
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A formal adversarial proceeding to hear evidence and decide legal issues and claims. Trials are covered by established rules of courtroom procedure as well as rules of evidence.
noun
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A trying, troublesome, or annoying person or thing.

The child was a trial to his parents.

noun
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Of, relating to, or used in a trial.
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Attempted or advanced on a provisional or experimental basis.

A married couple on a trial separation.

adjective
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A formal examination of the facts of a case by a court of law to decide the validity of a charge or claim.
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An attempt; endeavor; effort.
noun
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Of a trial or trials.
adjective
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Made, done, or used for the purpose of trying, testing, etc.
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A formal judicial examination of issues of law or fact between parties by a court with jurisdiction in such cases.
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A new trial, usually ordered by an appellate court that retries both matters of fact and law and proceeds as if the original trial had never taken place. See also mistrial and retrial.
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An opportunity to test something out; a test.

They will perform the trials for the new equipment next week.

noun
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Appearance at judicial court.
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A difficult or annoying experience.

That boy was a trial to his parents.

noun
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Pertaining to a trial or test.
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Attempted on a provisional or experimental basis.
adjective
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To carry out a series of tests on (a new product, procedure etc.) before marketing or implementing it.

The warning system was extensively trialled before being fitted to all our vehicles.

verb
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To try out (a new player) in a sports team.

The team trialled a new young goalkeeper in Saturday's match, with mixed results.

verb
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Characterized by having three (usually equivalent) components.
adjective
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Triple.
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(grammar) Pertaining to a language form referring to three of something, as people; contrast singular, dual and plural.

No language has a trial number unless it has a dual.

adjective
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A preliminary competition or test to determine qualifications, as in a sport.
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on trial
  • In the process of being tried, as in a court of law.
idiom
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trial by fire
  • A test of one's abilities, especially the ability to perform well under pressure.
idiom
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on trial
  • in the process of being tried, as in a court of law
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Idioms and Phrasal Verbs

on trial
on trial

Origin of trial

  • Middle English triall a testing from Anglo-Norman trial from trier to pick out, try from Old French trier to pick out, separate out try

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From Anglo-Norman trial, from trier (“to pick out, cull") + -al. More at try.

    From Wiktionary

  • From Latin trialis, an adjective formed from tres (“three") + -ālis.

    From Wiktionary