(historical) Province of ancient Armenia and of the Roman Empire, located to the south-west of Greater Armenia. Independent kingdom from 3rd century B.C. until 90's B.C. Lies in modern-day southeastern Turkey.
Via LatinSōphēnē, from Ancient Greek Σωφηνή (Sōphēnē), probably of Urartian origin. Compare the Armenian name: Ծոփք (Copʿkʿ).
Kharput probably stands on or near the site of Carcathiocerta in Sophene, reached by Corbulo in A.D.
Artaxias founded the kingdom of Great Armenia; Zariadris, that of Sophene on the Euphrates and the sources of the Tigris (Strabo xi.
In the spring of 69, at the head of only two legions, he marched through Sophene, the south-western portion of Armenia, crossed the Tigris, and pushed on to the newly-built royal city, Tigranocerta, situated on one of the affluents of that river.