- river in central Calif., flowing south into an E arm of San Francisco Bay: c. 400 mi (644 km)
- capital of Calif., on this river
Origin of SacramentoSp, sacrament
The capital of California, in the north-central part of the state northeast of San Francisco. The city was founded as a mining camp on John Sutter's land (where gold was discovered in 1848) and became the state capital in 1854. It was named for the Sacramento River, which rises near Mount Shasta and flows about 610 km (380 mi) southward through the fertile Sacramento Valley to an extension of San Francisco Bay.